Baron Upper Ossory
Baron Upper Ossory was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created on 11 June 1541 for Barnaby Fitzpatrick. This was in pursuance of the Surrender and regrant policy of King Henry VIII of England. Under the policy, Gaelic chiefs were actively encouraged to surrender their lands to the king and then have them regranted (returned) under a royal charter if they swore loyalty to him. Those who surrendered were also expected to speak English, wear English-style dress, remain loyal to the Crown, pay a rent and follow English laws and customs, abjure the Roman Catholic Church, and convert to Henry's new Anglican Church.
Ossory had formerly been the Kingdom of Osraige.
Barons Upper Ossory; First creation (1541)
- Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 1st Baron Upper Ossory (born Irish: Brían Óg Mac Giolla Phádraig) (c. 1485–1575)
- Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 2nd Baron Upper Ossory (c. 1535–1581)
- Florence Fitzpatrick, 3rd Baron Upper Ossory (died 1613)
- Teigh or Thady Fitzpatrick, 4th Baron Upper Ossory (died 1627), who married Joan Butler, the daughter of Sir Edmund Butler of Cloughgrenan
- Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 5th Baron Upper Ossory (died c. 1638)
- Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 6th Baron Upper Ossory (died c. 1666)
- Barnaby Fitzpatrick, 7th Baron Upper Ossory (died 1696). On 11 May 1691, the seventh baron was attainted and the barony forfeited.
Barons Upper ossory; Second creation (1794)
The title was re-created on 9 August 1794 for the second Earl of Upper Ossory. On his death in 1818, both titles became extinct.
- John FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory (1745–1818) (extinct)