Baron Wentworth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Barony of Wentworth
Creation date 2 December 1529[1]
Created by King Henry VIII
Peerage Peerage of England
First holder Thomas Wentworth, 6th Baron le Despencer
Present holder John Lytton, 18th Baron Wentworth, 5th Earl of Lytton
Heir apparent Philip Lytton, Viscount Knebworth
Remainder to the 1st Baron's heirs general of the body lawfully begotten

Baron Wentworth is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1529 for Thomas Wentworth, who was also de jure sixth Baron le Despencer of the 1387 creation. The title was created by writ, which means that it descends according to the male-preference cognatic primogeniture.

History[edit]

Anne Blunt, 15th Baroness Wentworth, in Bedouin dress, with her favourite riding mare, Kasida Date

Wentworth family[edit]

Thomas Wentworth was created first Baron in 1529.

He was succeeded by his son, also Thomas Wentworth. The second Baron represented Suffolk in the House of Commons and served as Deputy of Calais.

His grandson, Thomas Wentworth, the fourth Baron, was created Earl of Cleveland in the Peerage of England in 1626. He later became a prominent Royalist commander in the Civil War. The earldom became extinct on Lord Cleveland's death in 1667.

His son Thomas Wentworth was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in 1640 in his father's junior title of Baron Wentworth (and is considered the fifth Baron). He was also a noted Royalist commander in the Civil War. However, he predeceased his father by two years.

Henrietta Maria Wentworth, daughter of the fifth Baron, succeeded as the sixth holder upon her grandfather's death. She died without issue.

Lovelace and Johnson families[edit]

The 6th Baroness died aged 25 and was succeeded by her aunt Anne, the seventh holder. She was the wife of John Lovelace, 2nd Baron Lovelace. On her death in 1697, the title passed to her granddaughter Martha Johnson, the eighth holder. However, it was not until 1702 that she was confirmed in the title.

Noel family[edit]

The 8th Baroness was succeeded by her kinsman Sir Edward Noel, 6th Baronet, of Kirkby Mallory, who became the ninth Baron (see Noel Baronets for earlier history of this title). He was the heir of the Hon. Margaret Noel, daughter of the 7th Baroness. In 1762 he was created Viscount Wentworth, of Wellesborough in the County of Leicester, in the Peerage of Great Britain. He was succeeded by his son, the 2nd Viscount. He briefly represented Leicestershire in Parliament before he succeeded his father in the viscountcy. Lord Wentworth had no legitimate male heir and on his death in 1815 the viscountcy and baronetcy became extinct. The barony fell into abeyance.

The abeyance was terminated in 1856 in favour of Anne Isabella Byron, Dowager Baroness Byron, who became the eleventh holder of the title. She was the daughter of the Hon. Judith Noel, daughter of the first Viscount Wentworth, and her husband Sir Ralph Milbanke, 6th Baronet, of Halbany, and the widow of the famous poet George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron. Lord and Lady Byron had in 1822 assumed by Royal license the surname of Noel. However, she never used the substantive title of Lady Wentworth in the four years between her accession and her death in 1860; she continued to be known as Lady Byron.

King-Noel family[edit]

She was succeeded by her grandson Byron King-Noel, Viscount Ockham, who became the twelfth Baron. He was the eldest son of Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, daughter of Lord and Lady Byron, and her husband William King-Noel, 1st Earl of Lovelace. However, he never married and on his early death in 1862 at the age of twenty-six, the barony was passed on to his younger brother, Ralph King-Milbanke. In 1893, he succeeded his father as second Earl of Lovelace. When he died in 1906, the earldom and barony separated. He was succeeded in the earldom by his half-brother, the third Earl, while the barony was inherited by his daughter and only child Lady Ada King-Milbanke, the fourteenth holder.

Blunt and Lytton families[edit]

The 14th Baroness never married and was succeeded by her aunt, Lady Anne Blunt, the fifteenth holder of the peerage. She was the wife of the poet Wilfrid Scawen Blunt. She was succeeded by her only surviving child, Judith, the sixteenth holder. She married the Hon. Neville Bulwer-Lytton, youngest son of Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton. In 1947 he succeeded his elder brother as third Earl of Lytton. Lord Lytton and Lady Wentworth were succeeded respectively in 1951 and 1957 by their son Noel Lytton, 4th Earl of Lytton; as a consequence the barony became subsidiary to the Earldom of Lytton since 1957. As of 2010 the titles are held by the latter's eldest son, John Lytton, 5th Earl of Lytton.

Barons Wentworth (1529)[edit]

Earls of Cleveland (1626)[edit]

Barons Wentworth (1529; Reverted)[edit]

Viscounts Wentworth (1762)[edit]

Barons Wentworth (1529; Reverted)[edit]

Family tree[edit]

Thomas Wentworth,
1st Baron Wentworth

1501–1551
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thomas Wentworth,
2nd Baron Wentworth

1525–1584
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry Wentworth,
3rd Baron Wentworth

1558–1593
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thomas Wentworth,
4th Baron Wentworth

1591–1667
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thomas Wentworth,
5th Baron Wentworth

1612–1665
 
Anne Lovelace,
7th Baroness Wentworth

1623–1697
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henrietta Wentworth,
6th Baroness Wentworth

1660–1686
 
John Lovelace,
3rd Baron Lovelace

c. 1640–1693
 
Hon. Margaret Noel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Martha Johnson,
8th Baroness Wentworth

1667–1745
 
Sir John Noel, 4th Baronet
1668-1697
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sir Clobery Noel, 5th Baronet
1695-1733
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Edward Noel,
9th Baron Wentworth

1715–1774
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thomas Noel,
10th Baron Wentworth

1745–1815
 
Hon. Judith Noel
1751-1825
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anne Noel-Byron,
11th Baroness Wentworth

1792-1860
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ada King,
Countess of Lovelace

1815-1852
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Byron King-Noel,
12th Baron Wentworth

1836-1862
 
Ralph King-Milbanke,
13th Baron Wentworth

1839-1906
 
Anne Blunt,
15th Baroness Wentworth

1837-1917
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ada King-Milbanke,
14th Baroness Wentworth

1871-1917
 
Judith Blunt-Lytton,
16th Baroness Wentworth

1873-1957
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Noel Lytton,
17th Baron Wentworth

1900-1985
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Lytton,
18th Baron Wentworth

b. 1950

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^  "Wentworth, Thomas (1501-1551)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.