Baron of Renfrew (title)

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Baron of Renfrew is a dignity held by the heir apparent to the British throne, currently Prince Charles.[1] It was held by the Scottish heir apparent beginning in 1404. It is closely associated with the title Duke of Rothesay. An act of the Scottish Parliament passed in 1469 confirmed the pattern of succession.[2] Renfrew, a town near Glasgow, is sometimes called the "cradle of the royal Stewarts."

In Scotland, barons hold feudal titles, not peerages: a Scottish lord of Parliament equates to an English or British baron. Some, however, claim that the Act of 1469 effectively elevated the Barony of Renfrew to the dignity of a peerage.[3] Others suggest that the barony became a peerage upon the Union of the Crowns in 1603. Finally, some scholars argue that the uncertainty surrounding the text of the 1469 Act leaves the barony as only a feudal dignity, not a peerage dignity.[4] The title of Lord Renfrew was used by the traveling Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII[5] and Prince Edward, Duke of Rothesay, later King Edward VIII and Duke of Windsor, when he traveled in a private capacity or when he wished to pay visits 'incognito'.[6]

Heir apparent Parent From To Titles held in addition to duke of Rothesay
David Stewart Robert III 1398 (created) 1402 (death) Earl of Atholl (1398), Baron Renfrew (?), Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (trad.)
James Stewart Robert III 1404 (created) 1406 (acceded as James I) Earl of Carrick (1404)
Alexander Stewart James I 1430 (birth?) 1430 (death)
James Stewart James I 1431 (created) 1437 (acceded as James II)
James Stewart James II 1452 (birth?) 1460 (acceded as James III)
James Stewart James III 1473 (birth) 1488 (acceded as James IV) Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
James Stewart James IV 1507 (birth) 1508 (death) Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
Arthur Stewart James IV 1509 (birth) 1510 (death) Duke of Albany (1509), Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
James Stewart James IV 1512 (birth) 1513 (acceded as James V) Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew, Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
James Stewart James V 1540 (birth) 1541 (death) Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew (1469), Lord of the Isles (1540), Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
James Stuart Mary I 1566 (birth) 1567 (acceded as James VI) Earl of Carrick and Baron/Lord Renfrew (1469), Lord of the Isles (1540), Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469)
Henry Frederick James VI 1594 (birth) 1612 (death) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1610), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick and Baron Renfrew (1469), Lord of the Isles (1540), Prince and Great Steward of Scotland (1469) (The italicised henceforth "Earl of Carrick, etc. 1469 & 1540)"
Prince Charles, Duke of York and of Albany James VI 1612 (death of brother Henry) 1625 (acceded as Charles I) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1616), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Albany (1600), Duke of York (1605), Marquess of Ormond (1600), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Ross, Lord Ardmannoch (1600)
Prince Charles James Charles I 1629 (birth) 1629 (death) Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
Prince Charles Charles I 1630 (birth) 1649 (acceded as Charles II) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1638), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
Prince James Francis Edward James VII 1688 (birth) 1702 (attainted) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1688–1702), Duke of Cornwall (1337–1702), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
The Prince George, Duke of Cambridge George I 1714 (father's accession) 1727 (acceded as George II) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1714), Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Cambridge, Marquess of Cambridge (1706), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Milford Haven, Viscount Northallerton, Baron Tewkesbury (1706)
The Prince Frederick, Duke of Edinburgh George II 1727 (father's accession) 1751 (death) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1729), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of Edinburgh, Marquess of Ely (1726), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Eltham, Viscount Launceston, Baron Snowdon (1726)
The Prince George George III 1762 (birth) 1820 (acceded as George IV) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1762), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
The Prince Albert Edward Victoria 1841 (birth) 1901 (acceded as Edward VII) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1841), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Dublin (1850)
The Prince George, Duke of York Edward VII 1901 (father's accession) 1910 (acceded as George V) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1901), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Duke of York (1892), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540), Earl of Inverness, Baron Killarney (1892)
The Prince Edward George V 1910 (father's accession) 1936 (acceded as Edward VIII) Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1910), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)
The Prince Charles Elizabeth II 1952 (mother's accession) Current Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester (1958), Duke of Cornwall (1337), Earl of Carrick, etc. (1469 & 1540)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Royal Family - HRH The Prince of Wales", Burke's Peerage.
  2. ^ Chamber's Encyclopedia (1880). "By act of the Scottish parliament of 1469, the titles of prince and high steward of Scotland, duke of Rothesay, earl of Carrick, baron of Renfrew, and lord of the isles were vested in the eldest son and heir apparent of the crown of Scotland."
  3. ^ "British titles -- Baron", Burke's Peerage. "it has sometimes been argued that the Barony of Renfrew which is one of the PRINCE OF WALES's Scottish titles such by virtue of a law of 1469 settling it on the eldest son of the King of Scots or by virtue of the union of English and Scottish crowns in 1603."
  4. ^ The official position is given in Hansard (House of Lords - written answers) for 18 May 1999 : Column 228: Lord Williams of Mostyn (Home Office Minister): "The Barony of Renfrew is not a peerage dignity at all; it is a feudal or minor barony of Scotland."
  5. ^ Virginius Dabney Richmond: The Story of a City 1990 Page 142 - "He was the nineteen-year-old Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, traveling under the name of "Baron Renfrew." The youthful prince arrived on October 7th 1860,"
  6. ^ "Prince of Wales home again", Reading Eagle, Oct 21, 1923.