Barons Court tube station

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"Barons Court" redirects here. For the constituency, see Barons Court (UK Parliament constituency).
Barons Court
London Underground
Barons-court-tube.jpg
Barons Court is located in Greater London
Barons Court
Barons Court
Location of Barons Court in Greater London
Location West Kensington
Local authority Hammersmith & Fulham
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2009 Decrease 6.34 million[1]
2010 Increase 6.46 million[2]
2011 Increase 6.54 million[3]
2012 Increase 6.81 million[3]
Railway companies
Original company Metropolitan District Railway
Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway
Key dates
9 September 1874 MDR line opened
9 October 1905 MDR station opened
15 December 1906 GNP&B platforms opened
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°29′26″N 0°12′49″W / 51.4906°N 0.2136°W / 51.4906; -0.2136

Barons Court is a London Underground station in West Kensington, Greater London. This station services the District line and the Piccadilly line. The station is located on Gliddon Road, a short distance from Talgarth Road (A4) in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. Barons Court is between West Kensington and Hammersmith on the District Line, and between Earl's Court and Hammersmith on the Piccadilly Line. It is in Travelcard Zone 2. East of the station, the Piccadilly line descends into tunnel towards Earl's Court and the District line continues on the surface to West Kensington. The station is the last overground stop for eastbound trains on the Piccadilly line until Arnos Grove and has a cross-platform interchange with the District line.

History[edit]

Barons Court tube station in May 1962

The tracks through Barons Court were first opened on 9 September 1874 when the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now the District Line) opened an extension from Earls Court to Hammersmith. When the line was constructed the area now known as Barons Court was open fields and market gardens to the west of the settlement of North End and there was no call for a station between West Kensington and Hammersmith. By the beginning of the 20th century; however, the area had been developed for housing and, on 10 October 1905, the District Railway (DR) opened the station to serve these new developments and in preparation for the opening of the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line), then under construction.

The GNP&BR began operations on 15 December 1906, running between Hammersmith and Finsbury Park. The GNP&BR tracks come to the surface east of Barons Court and the station has two island platforms to provide an interchange between the two lines - the inner pair of tracks is used by the Piccadilly Line and the outer tracks by the District Line.

The station building was constructed to a design by Harry Ford in a style similar to that used at Earl's Court and Hammersmith and is now a Grade II listed building as it retains many of its original features, including terracotta facing and Art Nouveau lettering. The wooden benches on the platform with the station name along the back on enamelled metal panels are a unique feature on the entire London Underground.

Name[edit]

Many people mistakenly believe that name Barons Court is inspired by Earls Court to the east and the association of the area in the early 19th century with the Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (died 1806) and his English wife Elizabeth (the Margravine, the widow of the 6th Baron Craven).[4] They had a home at Brandenburg House immediately to the west of the site of Charing Cross Hospital. The Margravine died in 1828 and is commemorated by a number of roads in the area (Margravine Road and Margravine Gardens) and the Margrave possibly by Barons Court Road although the approximate equivalent rank in the British peerage to Margrave is a Marquess.

The name Barons Court is probably inspired by the Baronscourt estate in Ireland, where Sir William Palliser, who built the entire area, had connections. As well as Palliser Road itself, all the roads in the area are named after members of his family.

The platforms at Barons Court.

Perham Road - his wife
Charleville Road - his cousins, the Earls of Charleville
Gledstanes Road - his mother
Barton Road - his grandmother
Challoner Street - his great-grandmother
Fairholme Road - his married sister
Vereker Road - his married aunt, wife of Viscount Gort
Comeragh Road - after the family estate in Ireland
Castletown Road - after the Baronets Pallisers' estate in Ireland

Sir William's brother, John Palliser (the explorer) inherited the Comeragh estate in County Waterford. Sir William did not have an Irish estate of his own. Instead, he tried to develop this London estate. He died very suddenly on 4 February 1882, and the lawyers had a field day, selling everything off, including the 11 acres (45,000 m2) which would become the Queen's Club. Sir William was heavily in debt, though if he had not died so suddenly and had managed to sell many of the houses he could have been a wealthy man. As it was, the family ended up with nothing.

Some wonder if there is a reason why the apostrophe is not used for Barons Court station but is used at the nearby Earl's Court.[5] A book in the Society of Genealogists, annotated in pencil by R. Burnet Morris who knew Sir William personally, provides a history of the area. Morris declared Barons Court was named "after Sir William's Irish Estates". As a result, unlike Earl's Court station, Barons Court is written without an apostrophe.

Services[edit]

Backside of tube station

The typical off-peak service from this station is as follows:

Nearby places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Lady Elizabeth Berkeley". The Peerage. Archived from the original on 2009-01-31. 
  5. ^ "London 1994 - Incident on the Tube". Just for my boys. 9 November 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-03-23. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
District line
Piccadilly line
towards Cockfosters