Bantry (County Cork barony)
Bantry (Irish: Beanntraí[l 1]) is a barony in the west of County Cork in Ireland.[l 1] Patrick Weston Joyce said the name Beanntraí means "descendants of Beann [Ban]", a son of Conchobar mac Nessa; similarly for the Wexford barony of Bantry.
The barony contains the town of Bantry and the top of Bantry Bay in its south east, including Whiddy Island.[l 2] It is bordered by the baronies of Bear to the west, Carbery West (West Division to the south and East Division to the southeast), and Muskerry West to the northeast. To the north is County Kerry.
Baronies were created after the Norman invasion of Ireland as divisions of counties and were used the administration of justice and the raising of revenue. While baronies continue to be officially defined units, they have been administratively obsolete since 1898. However, they continue to be used in land registration and in specification, such as in planning permissions. In many cases, a barony corresponds to an earlier Gaelic túath which had submitted to the Crown.
From other sources:
- Joyce, P.W. (1902). "Bantry". Irish Local Names Explained. Dublin: Gill & Son. p. 18. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- Joyce, P.W. (c. 1880). "County Cork". Philips' Handy Atlas of the Counties of Ireland. London: George Philips & Son. p. 7.