Baroque Churches of the Philippines

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Baroque Churches of the Philippines
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
The interior of San Agustín Church in Manila.
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 677
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1993 (17th Session)

The Baroque Churches of the Philippines is the official designation to a collection of four Spanish-era churches in the Philippines, upon its inscription to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2003. They are also one of the most treasured in the Country.[1]

The collection is composed of the following:

These churches have been at the forefront of Philippine history, not just in furthering Christianity in the archipelago, but in serving as the political backbone of Spanish colonial rule, when Church and State were regarded as one. The unique architecture of the churches did not just reflect the adaptation of Spanish/Latin American architecture to the local environment (including the fusion with Chinese motifs), but also of the Church's political influence. These churches had been subject to attacks by local revolts and rebellions, hence, most had the appearance of a fortress, rather than just serving as mere religious structures. This is especially noteworthy in the case of Santa Maria Church, located on top of a hill, serving as a citadel during times of crisis. Miag-ao Church also withstood the occasional attacks of Muslims from the south. Further, the location of the Philippines along the Pacific Ring of Fire called for the emphasis on the buttresses and foundations of these churches, with some being seriously damaged, but eventually rebuilt after an earthquake.

Preservation[edit]

Aside from these five churches, another church which is inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List is the Vigan Cathedral under the inscription Historic Town of Vigan. The Philippine National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) has also designated the conservation and protection of more than 30 other Spanish-era churches to be of utmost importance. These were registered as National Cultural Treasures.

These churches were given priority status not just due to their historical value, but also based on the geographic representation of various regions across the nation:

The interior of the San Agustín Church in Intramuros (Manila).
  1. Parish Church of San Agustin in Bacong, Negros Oriental
  2. Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception in Balayan, Batangas
  3. Santiago Apostol Parish Church (Parish Church of Santiago Apostol in Betis) Guagua, Pampanga
  4. Parish Church of Patrocinio de Maria in Boljoon, Cebu
  5. Parish Church of Saint Rose of Lima in Gamu, Isabela
  6. Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul in Calasiao, Pangasinan
  7. Parish Church of San Vicente de Ferrer in Dupax del Sur, Nueva Vizcaya
  8. Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception in Guiuan, Eastern Samar
  9. Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul in Tuguegarao City, Cagayan
  10. Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception in Jasaan, Misamis Oriental
  11. Parish Church of San Juan Bautista in Jimenez, Misamis Occidental
  12. Parish Church of San Isidro Labrador in Lazi, Siquijor
  13. Parish Church of San Pedro and San Pablo in Loboc, Bohol
  14. Parish Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandria in Luna, La Union
  15. Parish Church of San Carlos Borromeo in Mahatao, Batanes
  16. Parish Church of San Guillermo de Aquitania in Magsingal, Ilocos Sur
  17. Parish Church of San Gregorio Magno in Majayjay, Laguna
  18. Parish Church of the Assumption of Our Lady in Maragondon, Cavite
  19. Parish Church of San Andres in Masinloc, Zambales
  20. Parish Church of Santa Monica in Panay, Capiz
  21. Cathedral of San Jose in Romblon, Romblon
  22. Parish Church of San Joaquin in San Joaquin, Iloilo
  23. Parish Church of San Juan Bautista in Tabaco City, Albay
  24. Parish Church of San Ildefonso in Tanay, Rizal
  25. Parish Church of San Pablo in San Pablo, Isabela
  26. Basilica of St Michael the Archangel in Tayabas, Quezon
  27. Parish Church of Santa Catalina de Alejandria in Tayum, Abra
  28. Parish Church of San Matias in Tumauini, Isabela
  29. Parish of The Most Holy Rosary, Nuestra Señora Virgen del Santissimo Rosario, Reina de Caracol in Rosario "Salinas", Cavite
  30. Maribojoc Church (Bohol)
  31. San Andres Apostol Church Bacarra, Ilocos Norte
  32. Camarin de la Virgen, Parish Church of Nuestra Sra. De los Desamparados (Sta. Ana, Manila)
  33. Our Lady of the Gate Church (Daraga, Albay) - Eastern & Western Facades, Belfry and Baptistry
  34. Loon Church in Bohol (Bohol)
  35. Santa Monica Parish Church (Parish Church of Santa Monica in Minalin, Pampanga)
  36. San Nicolas of Tolentino Parish Church in Dimiao, Bohol

Other declared churches include:

Important Cultural Properties

  1. Chapel of the Holy Sacrifice (UP Diliman, Quezon City)

National Historical Landmarks

  1. Abucay Church Historical Landmark (Abucay, Bataan)
  2. Barasoain Church Historical Landmark (Malolos, Bulacan)
  3. Church of Baler Historical Landmark (Baler, Aurora)
  4. Lubao Church Historical Landmark (Lubao, Pampanga)
  5. Chapel of the Holy Sacrifice (UP Diliman, Quezon City)
  6. San Sebastian Church Historical Landmark (Quiapo, Manila)
  7. Calamba Church Historical Landmark (Calamba City, Laguna)
  8. Church of Paete (Paete, Laguna)
  9. Taal Church Historical Landmark (Taal, Batangas)
  10. Cathedral of Boac Historical Landmark (Boac, Marinduque)
  11. Quipayo Church Historical Landmark Calabanga, Camarines Sur
  12. Barotac Nuevo Church, Convent and Cemetery Historical Landmark Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo
  13. Dumangas Church Historical Landmark (Dumangas, Iloilo)
  14. Ermita Chapel Historical Landmark (Dumangas, Iloilo)
  15. Jaro Belfry Historical Landmark (Jaro, Iloilo City)
  16. Molo Church Historical Landmark (Molo, Iloilo City)
  17. Baclayon Church Historical Landmark (Baclayon, Bohol)
  18. Church and Convent of Santo Niño (Cebu City)
  19. Church of Nuestra Señora de la Concepcion Historical Landmark (Argao, Cebu)
  20. Church of San Guillermo de Aquitania Historical Landmark (Dalaguete, Cebu)
  21. Church of the Most Holy Trinity Historical Landmark (Loay, Bohol)
  22. Maasin Church (Maasin City, Southern Leyte)

1 On August 15, 1993, these churches, along with the one in Baclayon, Bohol were nominated for World Heritage Site status as part of the Jesuit Churches of the Philippines.
2 On May 16, 2006, the NCCA nominated a new set of churches as part of the extension of the Baroque Churches of the Philippines World Heritage Site. With the inclusion of two churches from the Jesuit Churches nomination, these two proposals will likely be combined.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°35′24″N 120°58′12″E / 14.59000°N 120.97000°E / 14.59000; 120.97000