Barossa Valley

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For details on the wine region itself, see Barossa Valley (wine).
Barossa Valley Region
South Australia
Tanunda.jpg
Tanunda is surrounded by vineyards showing Autumn colour.
Barossa Valley Region is located in South Australia
Barossa Valley Region
Barossa Valley Region
The location of Tanunda, one of the key towns in the region.
Coordinates 34°32′S 138°57′E / 34.533°S 138.950°E / -34.533; 138.950Coordinates: 34°32′S 138°57′E / 34.533°S 138.950°E / -34.533; 138.950
Population 20,000 (2006; approx.)[1]
 • Density 20/km2 (52/sq mi)  (approx.)
Area 912 km2 (352.1 sq mi)[2]
Time zone ACST (UTC+9.5)
 • Summer (DST) ACDT (UTC+10.5)
Location 60 km (37 mi) NE of Adelaide
LGA(s) Barossa Council, Light Regional Council

The Barossa Valley is a major wine-producing region and tourist destination of South Australia, located 60 km northeast of Adelaide. It is the valley formed by the North Para River, and the Barossa Valley Way is the main road through the valley, connecting the main towns on the valley floor of Nuriootpa, Tanunda, Rowland Flat and Lyndoch.

History[edit]

An overview of the Bethany vineyard, first planted in 1852. Bethany was the first settlement in the Barossa region.

The Barossa Valley derives its name from the Barossa Ranges, which were named by Colonel William Light in 1837. Light chose the name in memory of the British victory over the French in the Battle of Barrosa, in which he fought in 1811. The name "Barossa" was registered in error, due to a clerical error in transcribing the name "Barrosa". The area is approximately 13 km long by 14 km wide.

The three major towns of the Barossa each have a distinctive personality. Tanunda is generally recognised as the most German of the three with long-standing traditions dating back to the 1840s when the first German settlers arrived in the area. Because many of them came from Prussian Silesia, they called the Barossa Neu-Schlesien, or "New Silesia".[3] The German influence survives to this day (see Barossa German). Angaston, in contrast, is considered the English town as it was settled predominantly by Cornish miners and others from Britain. The third (and largest) town, Nuriootpa, was influenced by both the German and British settlers, and today is the commercial hub of the Barossa where most of the larger stores are located. Tanunda and Angaston are considered 'tourist towns' in comparison to Nuriootpa because they have many more facilities to cater for tourists. However Nuriootpa does have many attractions too.

People[edit]

Currently, the Barossa Valley has a population of about 20,000, most of whom live in Tanunda, Nuriootpa, Angaston, Williamstown and Lyndoch, each having over 1000 people, with a few smaller towns such as Moculta and Springton. All of these towns are part of the Barossa local government. Many facilities not available in these towns are usually supplemented in nearby Gawler. In recent years, increased development in the area has seen opposition from the local communities.[citation needed]

Religion[edit]

Main article: German Australian

The region has a strong German Lutheran history, and many residents identify themselves as Lutherans. Some towns have more than one Lutheran church. Tanunda, for example, has Langmeil, Tabor, St. Paul's and St. Johns. Nuriootpa has St. Petri and Holy Trinity. Angaston has Zion and Salem (Penrice).

Each major town also has a Lutheran primary school. Tanunda has Tanunda Lutheran School, Nuriootpa has Redeemer, and Angaston has Good Shepherd. St. Jakobi, the Lutheran primary school at Lyndoch, hosts the Barossa Airshow annually as its fundraiser.

Population[edit]

Major Town Populations:

Rank Urban Centre Population, 2006 census
1 Nuriootpa 4,414[4]
2 Tanunda 4,153[5]
3 Angaston 1,865[6]
4 Williamstown 1,432[7]
5 Lyndoch 1,415[8]
6 Greenock 685[9]
7 Mount Pleasant 593[10]

As a rural region, there is also significant population outside of the town centres (not shown here).

Wine industry[edit]

Main article: Barossa Valley (wine)
Wine grape vines in the Barossa Valley

The wine industry plays a major role in the Barossa, being the main source of employment for many residents. The many hectares of vineyard are the most distinctive feature of the area, especially when viewed from the Mengler Hill lookout positioned on the range of hills that form one side of the valley itself. The success of the wine industry has historically been celebrated every two years with a week-long Barossa Valley Vintage Festival. The festival draws visitors from all over the world and has entertainment for all tastes including a huge street parade, concerts and gourmet dining.

The Barossa Valley is primarily known for its red wine, in particular Shiraz. Normally[11] large proportions of Barossa Shiraz is used in Penfolds Grange (Australia's most famous wine).[12] Other main grape varieties grown in the region include Riesling, Semillon, Grenache and Cabernet Sauvignon. There are also some fortified wines traditionally produced in the region.

Food production[edit]

Although it is overshadowed by the wine industry, significant food production occurs in the Barossa Valley,[13] including:

Barossa foods have a reputation for their quality and local production is increasing. Barossa food products are sold in local markets and shops, and served in local cafés and restaurants. Many are exported internationally, and to other parts of Australia for sale through retailers or for restaurant use.

The Barossa Valley holds a popular weekly Farmers' Market, supplying local produce which is sold directly by the producer.[17]

Festivals[edit]

Barossa Vintage Festival[edit]

The week-long Barossa Vintage Festival is held biennially, in odd-numbered years. The festival runs for around a week, and traditionally marks and celebrates the completion of the year's vintage season, at the end of March and beginning of April. A variety of wine-themed events are held during the festival, including wine tastings and competitions, musical events, food events with local produce, balls and parades.

The Barossa Vintage Festival was first held in 1947, to celebrate the end of the grape harvest, and the end of hostilities in World War II, and has run continually since. It is Australia's oldest and longest-running wine festival.[18]

Barossa... Be Consumed Gourmet Weekend[edit]

The Barossa... Be Consumed Gourmet weekend is a three day food, wine and art celebration held in the third weekend of August every year. Local wineries and venues host individual events throughout the Barossa, offering food, wine, music, arts and hospitality.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Population
  2. ^ http://www.barossa.sa.gov.au/webdata/resources/files/About_Council.pdf
  3. ^ LeRoy R. Hafen. Broken Hand. U of Nebraska Press, 1981. ISBN 0-8032-7208-1
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Nuriootpa (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  5. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tanunda (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Angaston (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  7. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Williamstown (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Lyndoch (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Greenock (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  10. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mount Pleasant (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  11. ^ White, Robert E. Soils for Fine Wines. Oxford University Press, USA, 2003. p. 245 ISBN 0-19-514102-4
  12. ^ Gordon, Kieth and Debra. Wine on Tuesdays: Be a Serious Wine Drinker without Taking Wine Too Seriously. Thomas Nelson, 2008. p. 136 ISBN 1-4016-0418-8
  13. ^ http://www.foodbarossa.com/
  14. ^ http://www.barossacheese.com.au/
  15. ^ http://www.maggiebeer.com.au/
  16. ^ Her restaurant was called The Pheasant Farm, which drew people from a wide area including Adelaide, and became renowned as one of Australia's leading and most innovative restaurants. http://www.maggiebeer.com.au/maggiewrites/history/. The Pheasant Farm is now Maggie Beer's trademark name under which most of her products are sold.
  17. ^ http://www.barossafarmersmarket.com
  18. ^ http://www.barossavintagefestival.com.au/about/index.html
  19. ^ http://www.barossagourmet.com

External links[edit]