Barpeta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Barpeta
Tatikuchi
Satra Nagari
city
Gorokhiya Gosain Than
Gorokhiya Gosain Than
Barpeta is located in Assam
Barpeta
Barpeta
Location in Assam, India
Coordinates: 26°19′N 91°00′E / 26.32°N 91.0°E / 26.32; 91.0Coordinates: 26°19′N 91°00′E / 26.32°N 91.0°E / 26.32; 91.0
Country  India
State Assam
District Barpeta
Elevation 35 m (115 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 41,175
Languages
 • Official Assamese
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 781301
Vehicle registration As-15-X-XXXX
Website barpeta.nic.in

Barpeta (Pron: bə(r)ˈpeɪtə / bə(r)ˈpi:tə ) is a town in Barpeta district, India and is district headquarters. The city is located 90 kilometres (56 mi) north west of Guwahati and is one of the major cities in Western Assam.

Etymology[edit]

The word Barpeta derives from "Bar" meaning big and "Peta" meaning pond. Thus Barpeta means "land of big ponds", as in pre-modern times Barpeta was full of large ponds. A nearby town is Sarupeta, the word which exactly means opposite to the former.

History[edit]

Main article: Kamrup region

In ancient times, Barpeta was part of Kamapitha division of Kamarupa. Medieval invaders continue to call Western Assam as Kamrup. In colonial and post-colonial times, it became part of Kamrup district till 1983, when new district of Barpeta was carved out.

Geography[edit]

It is located at 26°19′N 91°00′E / 26.32°N 91.0°E / 26.32; 91.0.[1] It has an average elevation of 35 metres (114 feet). It is 44 km away from Manas National Park. Three rivers - Chaulkhowa, Mora Nodi (Dead River) and Nakhanda, both of which are tributaries to Brahmaputra run through the town.[2]

Forestry[edit]

Barpeta is the gateway to Manas National Park, one of the largest forests of Assam and one of the few tiger reserves of India. It is also famous for the various temples in the district.

Climate[edit]

Barpeta has subtropical climate, with chilly winters and hot humid summers.

Climate data for Barpeta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
32.2
(90)
38.4
(101.1)
39.0
(102.2)
37.0
(98.6)
38.3
(100.9)
36.5
(97.7)
36.2
(97.2)
35.8
(96.4)
34.3
(93.7)
31.0
(87.8)
28.1
(82.6)
39
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
26.2
(79.2)
30.0
(86)
31.2
(88.2)
31.2
(88.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
32.2
(90)
31.7
(89.1)
30.3
(86.5)
27.6
(81.7)
24.7
(76.5)
29.36
(84.87)
Average low °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
22.7
(72.9)
24.9
(76.8)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
11.8
(53.2)
19.34
(66.82)
Record low °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.1
(41.2)
8.3
(46.9)
13.0
(55.4)
16.2
(61.2)
20.4
(68.7)
21.4
(70.5)
22.1
(71.8)
19.7
(67.5)
13.6
(56.5)
10.3
(50.5)
6.0
(42.8)
4.7
(40.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 11.9
(0.469)
18.3
(0.72)
55.8
(2.197)
147.9
(5.823)
244.2
(9.614)
316.4
(12.457)
345.4
(13.598)
264.3
(10.406)
185.9
(7.319)
91.2
(3.591)
18.7
(0.736)
7.1
(0.28)
1,717.7
(67.626)
Avg. rainy days 1.8 2.9 5.8 13.1 17.0 19.6 22.3 18.5 15.2 7.4 2.8 1.3 127.7
 % humidity 79 65 57 68 75 81 83 82 83 82 82 82 76.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226.3 214.7 220.1 201.0 192.2 132.0 124.0 161.2 138.0 204.6 231.0 232.5 2,277.6
Source: World Meteorological Organization

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Barpeta had a population of 41,175. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Barpeta has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 54% of the males and 46% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Culture[edit]

Main article: Kamrupi culture
Kirtan Ghar

Barpeta is well known for Vaishnavite Thaans and Neo Vaishnavite Satras scattered all around the town and adjoining areas, important aspect of towns tourism sector. Bell and Brass metal industry of Barpeta is known country wide.The traditional fireworks industry of Barpeta is well known over the state for its quality.

Transport[edit]

Town is well connected with nearby towns and cities with buses and other modes of transportation. The nearest railway station, airport and port is Barpeta Road, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport and Dhubri respectively.[4]

Politics[edit]

Barpeta is part of Barpeta (Lok Sabha constituency).[5] Indian president Fakaruddin Ali Ahmed was an MP from the Barpeta constituency. Syed Abdur Rouf, A.F Golam Osmani and other prominent persons represented Barpeta in the constitutional assembly.[6] There 7 nos of Assembly Constituency in the district. Those are Jania,Baghbar,Sorbhog,Sarukhetri,Bhabanipur,Chenga and Barpeta .[7]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]