Barra is the non-traditional name of Niumi, the Gambia.
Although Mandinka-speaking Africans always referred to the state along the north bank of the Gambia River's estuary as Niumi, not everyone did. For a long time it was called "Barra" in the creolized trade language of the river, and between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries British and French records use "Barra" or "Bar" more frequently than "Niumi".
- Wright, Donald R. (1997). The World and a Very Small Place in Africa. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 1-56324-959-6.
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