Barracks communism

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Barracks communism (also referred to as Nechayevshchina[1][2]) is the term coined by Karl Marx[3] to refer to a "crude," authoritarian, forced collectivism and communism, where all aspects of life are bureaucratically regimented and communal. In particular, Marx used the expression to criticise the vision of Sergey Nechayev, outlined in Fundamentals of the Future Social System[3] and to describe certain German petit bourgeois revolutionaries of the mid-19th century.

Later, political theorists of the Soviet Union applied this term to the People's Republic of China under Mao Zedong (1950s-1970s).[4]


  1. ^ [1] (Russian)
  2. ^ [2] (Russian)
  3. ^ a b [3] Marxism versus Anarchism (2001), p88
  4. ^ [4](Russian)