|— Town —|
|• Type||Open town meeting|
|• Town Administrator||Lorraine Leno|
|• Total||44.6 sq mi (115.5 km2)|
|• Land||44.3 sq mi (114.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||886 ft (270 m)|
|• Density||120/sq mi ( 47/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||351 / 978 Exchange code = 355|
|GNIS feature ID||0619475|
Originally called the Northwest District of Rutland, it was first settled in 1720. The town was incorporated on June 17, 1774, as Hutchinson after Thomas Hutchinson, colonial governor of Massachusetts. But on November 7, 1776, it was renamed Barre /ˈbæri/ in honor of Isaac Barré, a champion of the American Colonies. Starting in the 1800s, the Boston, Barre and Gardner Railroad provided rail service to the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.6 square miles (116 km2), of which 44.3 square miles (115 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), or 0.63%, is water. Barre is drained by the Ware River.
Barre is bordered by Hubbardston to the northeast, Rutland and Oakham to the southeast, New Braintree to the south, Hardwick to the southwest, Petersham to the northwest, and a small portion of Phillipston to the north.
As of the census of 2000, there are 5,113 people, 1,889 households, and 1,377 families residing in the town. The population density is 115.3 people per square mile (44.5/km²). There are 1,988 housing units at an average density of 44.8 per square mile (17.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town is 97.63% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 1,889 households out of which 36.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% are married couples living together, 9.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% are non-families. 22.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.69 and the average family size is 3.17.
In the town the population is spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $50,553, and the median income for a family is $56,069. Males have a median income of $40,284 versus $29,250 for females. The per capita income for the town is $20,476. 3.4% of the population and 1.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 1.5% of those under the age of 18 and 2.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Barre is home to the Quabbin Regional High School and to Ruggles Lane Elementary School.
At one time, extending from 1840 into the twentieth century, it was home to the Barre Massachusetts Institution for the Education of Feeble Minded Youth.
Barre is home to Stetson School.
|County-level state agency heads|
|Clerk of Courts:||Dennis P. McManus (D)|
|District Attorney:||Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)|
|Register of Deeds:||Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)|
|Register of Probate:||Stephen Abraham (D)|
|County Sheriff:||Lew Evangelidis (R)|
|State Representative(s):||Anne M. Gobi (D)|
|State Senator(s):||Stephen M. Brewer (D)|
|Governor's Councilor(s):||Jen Caissie (R)|
|U.S. Representative(s):||James P. McGovern (D-2nd District),|
|U.S. Senators:||Elizabeth Warren (D, Mo Cowan (D))|
Sites of interest 
Notable residents 
- David Oliver Allen, missionary and author
- Stephen Brewer, state senator
- Ebenezer Childs, pioneer and legislator
- Timothy Jenkins, congressman
- Walker Lewis, black abolitionist, Masonic Grand Master of African Grand Lodge #1, and Mormon Elder
- Joseph B. Plummer, general
- Daniel Ruggles, Confederate general
- Christopher Barry Welch, Wildlife Enthusiast
See also 
- "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
- "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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