Barre Falls Dam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Barre Falls Dam
BarreFallsDam.jpg
Barre Falls Dam
Official name Barre Falls Dam
Location Barre, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°25′40″N 72°01′31″W / 42.42778°N 72.02528°W / 42.42778; -72.02528
Construction began 1956
Opening date 1959
Operator(s) Army Corps of Engineers
Dam and spillways
Impounds Ware River
Height 69 ft (21.03 m)
Length 3,215 ft (979.9 m)
Reservoir
Creates Barre Falls temporary impoundment area

The Barre Falls Dam is located on the Ware River in Barre, Massachusetts, about 0.3 mile (0.48 km) below the junction of the river's east and west branches and 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Worcester, Massachusetts.

Designed and constructed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers, this dam substantially reduces flooding along the Ware, Chicopee, and Connecticut rivers. Construction of the project began in May 1956 with completion in July 1958 at a cost of US$2 million.

The Barre Falls reservoir is located within the Upper Ware River Watershed and is part of the Chicopee River Watershed. Access to the site is available from Route 62.

Description[edit]

Barre Falls Dam
Barre Falls Dam bridge
Carries Rueben Walker Road
Width Two lanes
Vertical clearance Unrestricted
Daily traffic < 100 vehicles

The project consists of an earth fill dam with stone slope protection 885 feet (269.7 m) long and 69 feet (21.03 m) high. There are three dikes totaling 3,215 feet (979.93 m) in length with a maximum elevation of 48 feet (14.64 m). Cut in rock, the spillway comprises a concrete weir 60 ft (18.28 m). in length. The weir's crest elevation is 23 feet (7.0 m) lower than the top of the dam. There is no lake at the Barre Falls Dam. The flood storage area for the project, which is normally empty, stores floodwaters and covers about 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) in the towns of Barre, Hubbardston, Rutland, and Oakham, Massachusetts. The entire project, including all associated lands, covers 2,407 acres (9.74 km2). The Barre Falls Dam can store up to 7.82 billion US gallons (29,600,000 m3) of water for flood control purposes. This is equivalent to 8.2 inches (20.82 cm) of water covering its drainage area of 55 square miles (142.45 square kilometers).

Management[edit]

The Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation manage and preserve the land for water quality protection. The Massachusetts Water Resources Authority manages these water resources, which are part of the public water supply for the Greater Boston area. The Corps assists the MWRA by coordinating flows to maximize diversion rates, and the MWRA assists the Corps when requested to divert excess flows to help with flood control. Camping, swimming and wading are not permitted. However, there is an 18-hole disc golf course which spans much of the premises.

References[edit]