Barren County, Kentucky
|Barren County, Kentucky|
Barren County Courthouse in Glasgow
Location in the state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|Named for||The Barrens, a region of grassland in Kentucky|
|• Total||500 sq mi (1,295 km2)|
|• Land||488 sq mi (1,264 km2)|
|• Water||12 sq mi (31 km2), 2.5%|
|• Density||87/sq mi (34/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Barren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,173. Its county seat is Glasgow. The county was founded on December 20, 1798, from parts of Warren and Green Counties. It was named for the Barrens, meadow lands that cover the northern third, though actually the soil is fertile.
Barren County, like most of south central Kentucky, was settled by the Scots-Irish, and still bears many cultural aspects that trace back to that heritage. The Scottish heritage is the most evident, as indicated by the name of the county seat, which is named for Glasgow, Scotland, and is celebrated annually with the Glasgow Highland Games, one of three highland games held each year in Kentucky.
Barren is a prohibition or dry county, with two exceptions:
- Cave City, which voted in 2005 to become "moist" (selling only alcohol by the drink in restaurants of a certain minimum size (100 in this case) and which derive 70% or more of their revenue from food), and later voted in 2014 to approve full package sales.
- Glasgow, which approved liquor by the drink under the same restrictions on November 6, 2007, after three previous elections to allow full alcohol sales in the city being soundly defeated.
Bowling Green, just to the west, also offers full liquor sales.
Barren River Lake is located in the southern part of the county, forming part of its boundary with Allen County. Barren River Lake State Resort Park is located primarily within Barren County, along the lake's shoreline.
- Hart County (north)
- Metcalfe County (east)
- Monroe County (southeast)
- Allen County (southwest)
- Warren County (west)
- Edmonson County (northwest)
National protected area
- Mammoth Cave National Park (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 38,033 people, 15,346 households, and 10,941 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 per square mile (30/km2). There were 17,095 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.30% White, 4.09% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 15,346 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91.
The age distribution was 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, and the median income for a family was $37,231. Males had a median income of $29,860 versus $21,208 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,816. About 11.80% of families and 15.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.30% of those under age 18 and 19.10% of those age 65 or over.
Christianity is the predominant religion in the county. The Southern Baptist Convention is the leading Protestant denomination in terms of adherents, with Glasgow Baptist Church being the largest congregation in the county. Missionary Baptist, United Methodist, Free Methodist, Presbyterian (including Cumberland Presbyterian), Episcopalian, Disciples of Christ, Churches of Christ including non-institutional, Assemblies of God, and numerous independent churches are located in the county, as well as two Roman Catholic parishes, an LDS ward, and a sizable Amish community. No known Jewish, Muslim or other religions are known to have houses of worship within the county.
Barren County is primarily rural in nature, with agriculture as the primary industry. Glasgow, the county seat, has numerous manufacturing facilities, and is also a medical and retail hub for the area. Cave City is also a popular lodging area for tourists visiting nearby Mammoth Cave National Park.
The county is home to all or part of three school districts:
- Most of the county is served by the Barren County Schools, which includes Barren County High School and Middle School in Glasgow, and several elementary schools throughout the county, many of which were formerly also high schools before they were consolidated into Barren County High in the early 1970s.
- The Glasgow Independent Schools serve the city of Glasgow proper, with small areas of overlap outside the city limits. The district includes Glasgow High School, Glasgow Middle School and two elementary schools. In addition, the Glasgow and Caverna (see below) districts jointly operate an alternative school located in the Glasgow district for "at-risk" children in middle and high school. Note also that Barren County High and Middle Schools, although operated by the county district, are actually located within the boundaries of the Glasgow district.
- The Caverna Independent Schools take in Cave City and surrounding northwest Barren County, as well as Horse Cave and the southwest corner of neighboring Hart County. It is served by Caverna High School, Caverna Middle School and Caverna Elementary School, all located between Cave City and Horse Cave. The high school is on the Hart County side of the line, while the elementary and middle schools share a campus on the Barren County side. The district is one of only a handful in the United States which is located in more than one county. Interestingly, one of the other districts with this distinction is in Kentucky—specifically the Corbin Independent School District, serving a single city split by a county line.
Barren County is served by Interstate 65, which goes through the northwest part of the county, and the Louie B. Nunn Cumberland Parkway, a former toll road that is designated to be part of the future Interstate 66 corridor. U.S. Routes 31E, 31W, and 68 also pass through the county.
Railroad service is provided by CSX Transportation, whose former Louisville and Nashville Railroad main line passes through Cave City and Park City. The Glasgow Railway Company is a short line which owns a branch from Park City (which was formerly called Glasgow Junction) to Glasgow; the line is serviced via an operating lease by CSX.
- WLYE-FM "Willie 94.1" - Real Country Glasgow
- WCLU-AM 1490 Glasgow
- WCLU-FM "Lite 102.3" Glasgow (licensed to Munfordville)
- WCDS-AM 1230 "SportsRadio 123" - Newberry Broadcasting, Inc.
- W238BV (FM 95.7) - translator of Horse Cave-licensed WOVO-FM
- Glasgow Daily Times - local newspaper published Monday through Saturday
- Barren County Progress - county-oriented weekly newspaper published Thursdays
Barren County's industry includes these companies in different fields
- Walmart of Glasgow - Walmart operates a full-service super center at the intersection of Kentucky Route 90 (Happy Valley Road) and Veterans Outer Loop on the northwest outskirts of the city.
- Mid-State Recycling - the areas main recycling facility.
- Western Kentucky University's satellite campus in Glasgow, Kentucky
- Glasgow Electric Plant Board - cable television service
- South Central Rural Telephone Company - cable television and internet service, Glasgow EPB's main competitor.
- T.J. Samson Community Hospital
- Southern States Feed Mill in Park City
Cave City's main industry in Barren County's economy is tourism, thanks to its proximity to Mammoth Cave National Park, which is one of the top ten most visited attractions in Kentucky. A number of motels and restaurants are located at the interchange of Interstate 65 and state routes 70 and 90, which cater to tourists visiting the area or just passing through, thereby making Cave City, and much of northwest Barren County a tourism hot-spot. The city operates a small convention center that is popular with church groups and other family-related organizations, mainly because of the area's lack of crime and abundance of tourist attractions. Cave City has long been a gateway to Mammoth Cave; in the era of passenger rail travel, trains of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad would discharge tourists there, who would then be shuttled to the cave. The agricultural industry is also a big factor in the area's economy.
Sites and events of interest
- Fort Williams, Glasgow,
- Barren River Lake State Resort Park, Lucas at the junction of US 31E and KY 87 in southern Barren County.
- Barren River Lake, a lake along the Barren-Allen County line that is operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
- Kentucky Action Park/Jesse James Riding Stables, Cave City, Kentucky
- Guntown Mountain Old West town and Haunted Hotel, Cave City, KY
- Diamond Caverns, Park City, along the Edmonson-Barren County line on the southeastern fringe of Mammoth Cave National Park.
- Onyx Cave and Rock Shop, Cave City
- Thomerson Park, Dry Fork
Events include, but not limited to the following:
- The 400-mile yard sale along US 68 throughout the route's course in Kentucky (except Metro Lexington and the LBL) - first Thursday-Sunday in June annually.
- Glasgow Highland Games at Barren River Lake State Resort Park - early June.
- Annual Roller Coaster Yard Sale along State Highway 63 - early October.
- Annual Fireworks Extravaganza at Barren River Lake, July 4 of each year.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Barren County. Kyenc.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- Barren County, Kentucky
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 34.
- "Best Places to Live in Rural America 2007". The Progressive Farmer. 2007. Archived from the original on 23 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-19.
- Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. p. 190. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- Kinslow, Gina (September 9, 2014). "Cave City liquor ordinance approved". Glasgow Daily Times (Glasgow, KY). Retrieved September 23, 2014.
- Dickerson, Brad; Neitzel, Stacy L. (2007-11-07). "Liquor by the drink passes". Glasgow (KY) Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Churches of Christ in the United States". Retrieved 2012-06-09.
- "Glasgow Independent Schools map" (PDF). Kentucky Department of Revenue. 1996. Retrieved 2008-02-07. As of 2008, Barren County High is still at the location indicated on the map (look in the southern part of the city, near the Cumberland Parkway). Although Barren County Middle is not listed on this map, it is located on the same street as the high school, as indicated at the official Barren County Schools website.