Barrhaven is a rapidly growing suburban neighbourhood in the southwest of the urban area of the city of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, about 17 km (11 mi) southwest of downtown Ottawa. Prior to amalgamation with Ottawa in 2001, Barrhaven was part of the City of Nepean. Its population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 84,266.
Barrhaven is approximately bounded to the north by the Greenbelt, to the east by the Rideau River, to the west by Highway 416, and to the south by the new Half Moon Bay development along Cambrian Road south of the Jock River. The area is diagonally bisected by CN rail tracks. Barrhaven is surrounded by rural areas and farmland, with the exception of the growing Riverside South area across the Rideau River. Directly south of Barrhaven is Manotick a commuter town of the city.
Barrhaven is divided into several areas: Barrhaven proper or Old Barrhaven is the westernmost part of the neighbourhood, lying between Cedarview Road and Greenbank Road. New residential development is expanding the west side of Old Barrhaven between Cedarview and Strandherd Drive. Also included in this area is a triangle of land east of Greenbank between Fallowfield Road and the railway tracks known as Knollsbrook or The Triangle. South of this is the area known as Longfields, which stretches south to Strandherd and east to Woodroffe Avenue. Sandwiched between the railway tracks, Jockvale Road, Greenbank and Strandherd is the neighbourhood of Barrhaven on the Green. East of Woodroffe, next to the Rideau River, is the neighbourhood of Davidson Heights. South of Strandherd and east of Greenbank is a new community known as Chapman Mills. As Prince of Wales Drive approaches Jockvale, there is a thriving community known as Stonebridge that is located beside the Stonebridge Golf & Country Club.
The Barrhaven area was long inhabited by First Nations peoples, and the modern Jockvale Road follows an ancient path that was originally a trail through the wilderness. In the 19th century the area became populated by European farmers as the area was divided into a number of rural homesteads.
The old Barrhaven School House located at Jockvale and Strandherd was in built in 1906. Today, the school stands as historic site. In 1911, the Canadian Northern Railway built a rail line from Ottawa to Toronto through the area. Fast passenger service was offered for many years from Fallowfield Station (near the intersection of Strandherd Dr and Cedarview Rd) to Ottawa and beyond After many years of absence, passenger rail service was reintroduced to the area by Via Rail in the fall of 2002 through a new Fallowfield Station located at the intersection of Fallowfield Road and Woodroffe Avenue.
Modern Barrhaven was established in the 1960s, one of a group of new suburbs built outside the Greenbelt from the main city of Ottawa. Building in the area was begun by Mel Barr, for whom the community is named. Barr had originally purchased a 200-acre (0.81 km2) farm with the intent of constructing a horse racing track. However the Rideau Carleton Raceway was built further to the east, and Barr instead decided to develop his land for housing.
Barrhaven subsequently grew rapidly into a community of several tens of thousands of people. Commercial centres were slower to arrive. In 1990 the area was served by a single grocery store, had no movie theatre, and not even a bar. This has changed with the opening in 1991 of the vast Barrhaven Town Centre complex of big box stores and smaller commercial establishments, as well as a few smaller shopping malls. The 1990s also saw the influx of high-tech companies into the area (such as JDS Uniphase and Nortel), and the growth of the Public Service in the National Capital Region. The area got its first high school in 1998 when Mother Teresa High School (Catholic) opened, followed by John McCrae Secondary School (public) in 1999. Barrhaven gained its third high school in 2002 when St. Joseph High School (Catholic) opened. In September 2009, Longfields-Davidson Heights Secondary School (Public) opened.
Since Barrhaven has been built so quickly and so recently like most North American suburbs, it has a very uniform feel, considering how big it is. Almost every street consists of town houses with some streets having comparatively large suburban houses. In the older parts of Barrhaven, the streets are curvilinear, never forming a grid as they do in older parts of Ottawa.
Barrhaven is divided into many neighbourhoods. The names are generally selected by developers.
- Barrhaven, also known as Old Barrhaven, west of Greenbank, south of Fallowfield, north the of rail tracks, and west of Jockvale
- Strandherd Meadows, the infill development extending Old Barrhaven to Strandherd Drive
- Longfields, east of Greenbank Road, west of Woodroffe Avenue, south of Fallowfield Road and north of Strandherd Drive
- Davidson Heights, east of Woodroffe Avenue
- Havenlea, bounded by Crestway Drive, Leikin Drive, Prince of Wales and Cresthaven Drive
- Chapman Mills, bounded by Prince of Wales Dr to the south/east, Woodroffe Ave to the west, and Stoneway Dr to the north.
- Rideau Glen, along Prince of Wales Dr, Holborn Avenue, and Rideau Glen Drive, north of Winding Way
- Winding Way, east of Prince of Wales Drive
- Stonebridge, located between Jockvale Rd and Prince of Wales
- Half Moon Bay, new neighborhood under development along Cambrian Road, west of Greenbank, east of Highway 416, south of the Jock River and north of Barnsdale Road
- Barrhaven Mews, new community under construction between Strandherd Road and the Jock River and west of Jockvale/Greenbank Roads
- Barrhaven On The Green, located between Jockvale Road, Greenbank Road, Strandherd Road, and the Rail tracks
- Havenlea, east of Woodroffe Avenue, south of Crestway Drive
- Hearts Desire, located along the Jock River, in between Jockvale Road and Woodroffe Ave.
- West Pointe Village, located between Cedarview Rd., Fallowfield Rd., Strandherd Rd., and the Rail tracks
- Pheasant Run, west of Larkin Drive, south of Fallowfield, north of Jockvale and east of Cedarview Road
- Fraservale, south and west of Jockvale, east of Cedarview and north of rail tracks
- Knollsbrook, west and north of rail tracks, south of Fallowfield and east of Greenbank.
Features and amenities
Barrhaven contains several public and Catholic schools and numerous parks and playgrounds, mainly built in since 2000. It is also home to the Walter Baker Sports Centre which contains a library and other facilities. As of 2010, it features a strip mall on 3 of the 4 corners at the intersection of Strandherd Drive and Greenbank Road, with a seven-screen cinema, Sobey's grocery store, a Wal-Mart, Indigo Books and Music, Staples, Winners, Sport Chek, Loblaws and Future Shop among others.
Barrhaven is served by seven local bus routes: 170, 171, 173, 175, 176, 177 and 186. These routes serve the local roads of Barrhaven as well as serving Fallowfield Station and Strandherd Station, where a transfer can be made to Ottawa's Rapid Transit system with Route 95. There are five express bus routes, 70, 71, 73, 76, and 77, that provide direct service to downtown Ottawa during the morning rush hour and from downtown during the afternoon rush hour; travel time is approximately 30 minutes. Route 186 runs from the Fallowfield Station to Manotick, stopping in the growing Stonebridge community before travelling on the lower half of Jockvale before connecting with Prince of Wales Drive.
Until 2006, it had been planned that the north-south light-rail O-Train would be extended to the centre of Barrhaven near Riocan Marketplace via Riverside South. The project was cancelled on December 14, 2006, by Ottawa City Council, which decided to focus on building rail-based rapid transit lines in the inner city instead. Rail-based rapid transit to Barrhaven is not expected to be introduced until after 2031, when the three lines in the inner city are expected to be completed.
On January 2, 2007, OC Transpo opened the Strandherd Transitway Station and Park & Ride lot in Barrhaven. Directly across from the Riocan/Barrhaven Shopping Centre's Wal-Mart & TD Bank, the facility has parking space for about 330 cars. It was built to help with overcrowding at the Fallowfield Station and meet the increased demand for park and ride spaces in the community. Rapid transit route 95 takes approximately 10 minutes to travel between Fallowfield Station and Strandherd Station, and 2 minutes between Strandherd Station and Barrhaven Centre. The Province of Ontario funded one-third of the $5 million cost.
In April 2011, the bus rapid transit network was expanded in Barrhaven. One feature was the extension of Route 94 to the intersection of Woodroffe and Strandherd. A new stretch of transitway was also constructed between Fallowfield and Strandherd to reduce travel times on Route 95.
- Desmond Kennedy. "Coming of the Rail Era" The Kennedy Story (transcribed by Taylor Kennedy) Accessed July 3, 2007.
- Melanie O'Brien. "Thriving beyond the greenbelt: Barrhaven growing rapidly as buyers look for a sense of community." The Ottawa Citizen. Jun 29, 1996. p. J.1
- Janet Collins. "The Far Haven: Barrhaven" The Ottawa Citizen. Feb 1, 1993. p. B.3
- Carrie Buchanan. "A sleeping suburb; Barrhaven's nothing but a bedroom community." The Ottawa Citizen. Oct 29, 1989. p. D.1
- Design of Barrhaven South Future community
- Extension of Greenbank Road and Southwest Transitway
- Half Moon Bay Neighbourhood Watch and Community Info