Barry Railway Class B1

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Barry Railway Class B1
GWR Class B1 269 Swindon 1950.jpg
Former Barry Railway Class B1 0-6-2T at Swindon in 1950, British Railways no. 269
Specifications
Power type Steam
Designer J. H. Hosgood
Builder Sharp, Stewart & Co. (27),
Vulcan Foundry (10),
Société Franco-Belge (5)
Build date 1890–1900
Total produced 42
Number rebuilt Some rebuilt from 1924 with GWR boiler
Configuration 0-6-2T
UIC classification C1 n2t
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4 ft 4 in (1.321 m);
Rebuilds: 4 ft 3 in (1.295 m)
Trailing wheel
diameter
3 ft 6 in (1.067 m)
Locomotive weight 55 tons 3 cwt (123,500 lb or 56 t);
Rebuilds: 53 tons 9 cwt (119,700 lb or 54.3 t)
Fuel type Coal
Boiler pressure 160 psi (1.10 MPa);
Rebuilds: 150 psi (1.03 MPa)
Heating surface:
– Tubes
1.875 in (0.048 m)
Superheater area 1,070 sq ft (99.406 m2)
Cylinders Two Inside
Cylinder size 17.5 in × 26 in (444 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Tractive effort 20,825 lbf (92.63 kN);
Rebuilds: 19,906 lbf (88.55 kN)
Career
Operator(s) BR » GWR » BR
Withdrawn 1932–1951
Disposition All scrapped

Barry Railway Class B1 were 0-6-2T steam tank locomotives of the Barry Railway in South Wales. They were designed by J. H. Hosgood and built by Sharp Stewart, & Co., Vulcan Foundry and Société Franco-Belge.[1] The locomotive, though similar to the B class, differed in having an increased tank capacity of 1,630 gallons compared with the 1,400 gallons of the B class. The purpose of this was to enable them to take a train of empty wagons from Cadoxton Yard to Trehafod Junction without the need to refill the tank.

Their main duty was to take loaded coal trains from Trehafod Junction, and the pits on the Brecon & Merthyr, to Cadoxton Yard and return either with the empty wagons or occasionally pit props from Barry Docks. However they could also be seen pulling colliers' trains between Barry and Porth as well as excursion trains from various locations to Barry Island. In particular 2 B1 class locomotives, nos. 111 and 122, were used to take excursion trains from the Rhymney Railway to Barry for those visiting the National Eisteddfod held there in 1920. B1s could also be seen pulling the 'Ports Express' from Barry to Newcastle over the Barry Railway section of the journey between Barry and Cardiff.

The locomotives passed to the Great Western Railway in 1922 and 20 survived into British Railways ownership in 1948. However, all 20 had been withdrawn by 1952 and none were preserved.

Build details[edit]

Year Quantity Builder Serial Numbers Barry Numbers GWR Numbers Notes
1890 9 Sharp, Stewart & Co. 3598–3606 38–46 233–235, 238, 240–244
1892 10 Vulcan Foundry 1336–1345 54–63 245–254
1894 6 Sharp, Stewart & Co. 4044–4049 73–78 255–260
1900 12 Sharp, Stewart & Co. 4607–4618 105–116 261–272
1900 5 Société Franco-Belge 1272–1276 122–126 273–277

References[edit]

  • Casserley, H. C. & Johnston, Stuart W. (1966). Locomotives at the Grouping 4: Great Western Railway. Shepperton, Middlesex: Ian Allan Limited. p. 85. 
  • The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part ten: Absorbed Engines, 1922-1947, Reed, P.J.T. et al, Railway Correspondence and Travel Society RCTS (April 1966), pp K30-K33
  • Locomotive and Train Working in the Latter Part of the Nineteenth Century, Ahrons, E.L, W. Heffer & Sons Ltd (1953), p112
  • The Barry Railway, Barrie, D.S.M., The Oakwood Press (1962 - reprinted with additions 1983), pp 197–198 ISBN 0 85361 236 6
  • Rails to Prosperity - the Barry & After 1884 to 1984, Miller, Brian J, Regional Publications (Bristol) Limited (1984), pp 9–11 ISBN 0 906570 17 4
  • The Barry Railway - Diagrams and photographs of Locoomotives, Coaches and Wagons, Mountford, Eric R, The Oakwood Press (1987) p 10 ISBN 0 85361 355 9
  • A pictorial record of Great Western Absorbed Engines, Russell, J.H., Oxford Publishing Company (1978) pp 28–33 ISBN 0 902888 74 9