Barry Ulanov (April 10, 1918 – April 30, 2000) was an American writer, perhaps best known as a jazz critic.
Barry Ulanov was born in Manhattan, New York. Ulanov received early instruction on the violin from his father Nathan who was concertmaster for Arturo Toscanini's NBC Philharmonic Orchestra but after a car crash, in which he broke both wrists, he ceased playing the instrument. Ulanov studied at Columbia University taking his BA there in 1939. While at Columbia he wrote about jazz and also attended jazz concerts including an early performance of "Strange Fruit" by Billie Holiday at Café Society. Soon after graduating he edited several magazines and journals on music. He was editor of the journal Metronome from 1943 to 1955 and increased its coverage of modern jazz music as well as promoting contemporary African-American musicians.
Ulanov was an early advocate of bebop especially the music of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie. In the early 1950s, as part of a Metronome sponsored event, he ran The New Jazz Society which met at a West 54th Street club where Charlie Parker occupied the weekend residency. The jazz pianist Lennie Tristano wrote the composition "Coolin' Off With Ulanov", a personal testament to the affinity that many jazz musicians had with Ulanov. He organized several concerts of bop stars for WOR radio in 1947. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia in the 1950s. From 1955 to 1958 he wrote for Down Beat, and published several biographies of jazz musicians in the 1940s and 1950s. In his autobiography Miles Davis referred to Ulanov as the only white critic who ever understood him or Charlie Parker. He taught at Juilliard (1946), Princeton (1950–51), and Barnard College (1951–1988) as well as at Columbia University and Union Theological Seminary. In 1962 he received a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Ulanov converted to Catholicism in 1951 and was one of the sponsors at the baptism of the jazz vocalist Mary Lou Williams in 1957. After his conversion he began to write more on the subjects of religion and psychology. He was the president of the Catholic Renascence Society and founder of the St. Thomas More Society; he and his wife, Joan Bel Geddes (daughter of Norman Bel Geddes), translated many essays and books on Catholicism. He served on the council for Vatican II, advocating for use of the vernacular in the Mass. He advocated the use of amplified music in church, including rock music.
In the last twenty years of his life, Ulanov concentrated on explorations of religion and psychology, and published over 10 books with his second wife Ann Belford Ulanov, Professor of Psychiatry and Religion at Union Theological Seminary in New York and psychoanalyst in private practice.
June Jordan, the noted poet, author, and activist, was a student of Ulanov's at Barnard College. In an essay that appeared in her book Civil Wars, Jordan described with nostalgic admiration a surprise in-class exam administered by Ulanov. Ulanov told the students to write about anything they wanted without using any form of the verbs to be or to have. Jordan went on to say how difficult yet worthwhile the exam was.
- Duke Ellington (1946)
- The Incredible Crosby (1948)
- A History of Jazz in America (1952)
- A Handbook of Jazz (1957)
- The Making of a Modern Saint: A Biographical Study of Thèrése of Liseux
- Death: A Book of Preparation and Consolation (1959)
- Sources & Resources: The Literary Traditions of Christian Humanism (1960)
- The Bridge: A Judeo-Christian Journal (?) with Msgr. John Oesterreicher
- The Way of Saint Alphonsus of Liguori (1960)
- Makers of the Modern Theater (1961)
- Seeds of Hope in the Modern World 1962)
- Contemporary Catholic Thought (1963)
- The Two World of American Art: The Private and the Popular (1965)
- Modern Culture and the Arts (1972) (with James B. Hall)
- The Prayers of St. Augustine (1983)
- Creative Dissent: Psychoanalysis in Evolution (1983) (with Alan Roland, Claude Barbre)
- Men and Women: Sexual Ethics in Turbulent Times (1989)
- Jung and the Outside World (1992)
- On Death: Wisdom and Consolation from the World's Great Writers (1996)
with Joan Bel Geddes
- George Bernanos translation of novel (?)
with Ann Belford Ulanov
- Primary Speech: A Psychology of Prayer (1975)
- Cinderella and Her Sisters: The Envied and the Envying (1978)
- Religion and the Unconscious (1985)
- The Witch and the Clown: Two Archetypes of Human Sexuality (1987)
- The Healing Imagination: The Meeting of Psyche and Soul (1991)
- Transforming Sexuality: The Archetypal World of Anima and Animus (1994)
- Groovin' High by Barry Ulanov & His Metronome All-Stars (Music Download)
- Barry Ulanov Article from Columbia University Archive Published 5 May 2000. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- Civil rights, civil wrongs - Strange Fruit by David Margolick Guardian Newspaper Article. Published 16 Feb 2001. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- Barry Ulanov Selected Writings at Jazz Studies Online Published: no date given. Retrieved 06 June 2013.
- Paul Bley Interview at Vancouver Jazz - Interviewer: Bill Smith. Published 16 August 2008. Retrieved 06 June 2013.
- Mary Lou Williams Baptism Certificate at Rutgers University Published: no date given. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Barry Ulanov Notice - New York Times Author: Ben Ratliff. Published 7 May 2000. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- Ann Ulanov - Union Theological Seminary. Faculty Information. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- A History Of Jazz In America at the Internet Archive. Third Edition 1955.