Barry W. Lynn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Rev. Barry W. Lynn, Esq. (born 1948) has been the Executive Director of Americans United for Separation of Church and State since 1992.[1] He is an ordained minister in the United Church of Christ, and a prominent leader of the religious left in the United States. He is known to be a strong advocate of separation of church and state.

Early life[edit]

Barry Lynn was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, but his family moved to nearby Bethlehem when he was a child. He attended Bethlehem's Liberty High School, graduating in 1966.[2]

In 1970 Lynn received his B.A. from Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and his theology degree from Boston University School of Theology in 1973. After attending law school at night, he graduated from the Georgetown University Law Center.[1]

Career[edit]

After law school, Lynn continued to work with the United Church of Christ to gain amnesty for young men who chose desertion to protest the Vietnam War. Before going to Americans United, Lynn held positions related to religious liberties. In the mid-to-late 1980s he was legislative counsel for Washington's ACLU office, where he frequently worked on church–state issues. From 1974 to 1980, Lynn held positions within the national offices of the United Church of Christ, including two years for the Church's Office of Church in Society in Washington, D.C., as legislative counsel.[1]

Lynn has appeared frequently on radio broadcasts and television to debate and discuss First Amendment issues, including MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour, NBC's Today Show, Nightline, Fox Morning News (Washington, D.C.), CNN's Crossfire, Lou Dobbs Tonight, and Anderson Cooper 360°, The Phil Donahue Show, Meet the Press, CBS Morning News, ABC's Good Morning America, NBC Nightly News, ABC World News Tonight, CBS Evening News, and Larry King Live. He was formerly a weekly commentator on church-state issues for UPI Radio, and served for two years as regular co-host of Buchanan and Company on the Mutual Broadcasting System.

Lynn hosted the radio program Culture Shocks,[3] until 2013, which could be heard on 1160 AM in Washington, D.C., and on several stations nationally.

Lynn's first book, Piety & Politics: The Right-Wing Assault on Religious Freedom (ISBN 0-307-34654-4), was published in October 2006.

Legal actions and positions[edit]

In 2006 Lynn argued that Focus on the Family’s efforts to bring up moral issues in the 2004 election represented “a blatant effort by [James] Dobson to build a partisan political machine based in churches...[Dobson] has made it abundantly clear that electing Republicans is an integral part of his agenda and he doesn’t mind risking the tax-exemption of churches in the process”.[4][5]

A separate organization unrelated to Lynn's Americans United later filed a formal complaint with the IRS over Dobson's political endorsements.[6] Lynn did not support this complaint, and the IRS determined that since the endorsements were given by Dobson as a private individual, they did not violate federal tax law.

Americans United filed suit against the InnerChange Freedom Initiative (IFI), a program of Prison Fellowship Ministries. IFI's had contracted with the state of Iowa to provide in-prison rehabilitation programs. The suit alleged that the Iowa program violated the separation of church and state in the Constitution. Lynn asserted that the program was saturated with Christian fundamentalism and treated non-fundamentalist inmates like second-class citizens.

Prison Fellowship Ministries responded with claims of the program's alleged effectiveness in reduced recidivism (two studies—one by the State of Texas[7] and one by the University of Pennsylvania[8]—support these claims, while according to the Americans United website, a professor at UCLA has "debunked" one of the studies as "statistically flawed").[9] Two federal courts agreed with Lynn that the program was unconstitutional.

After a federal court struck down the program, Prison Fellowship appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. The state of Iowa joined with IFI in appealing the decision. The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals panel consisted of three judges: William Duane Benton, Roger Leland Wollman, and retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor sitting by special designation. On December 3, 2007, this panel unanimously affirmed the lower court decision, and the IFI program was removed from the Iowa prison.[10]

Lynn was very critical of the Stupak–Pitts Amendment, which was supported by the Catholic Church, and which aims to restrict the federal funding of abortion in recent health care legislation.[11]

Awards and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Barry W. Lynn". Dorothy L. Thompson Civil Rights Lecture Series. Kansas State University. 1998. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  2. ^ Barry Lynn - baltimoresun.com
  3. ^ "Culture Shocks with Barry Lynn". Americans United. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Americans United Blasts Religious Right Leader Dobson's Campaign To Build Church-based Political Machine". Americans United. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  5. ^ Peter Wallsten (August 15, 2006). "Conservatives Put Faith in Church Voter Drives". LA Times. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  6. ^ Focus on the Family refuses to make public its letter from IRS | Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington
  7. ^ Tony Fabelo Ph. D., ed. (February 2002). "Overview of the InnerChange Freedom initiative". Criminal Justice Policy Council (State of Texas). Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Graduates of Faith-Based Prison Program Less Likely to Return to Prison". InnerChange Freedom Initiative (Prison Fellowship). June 18, 2003. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  9. ^ Americans United: Jan. 08 Faith-Based Bias Banned
  10. ^ Full Text of Case
  11. ^ Unhealthy Trend: House Action On Abortion Showcases Power Of Bishops’ Lobby
  12. ^ "Chevy Chase man honored for work on separation of church and state". gazette.net. November 27, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  13. ^ "AU Head Lynn Wins Prestigious Award From The Nation Institute". Church & State 67 (1). Jan 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]