Bars County

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Bars County
Bars Vármegye
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1920

Coat of arms of Bars

Coat of arms

Location of Bars
Capital Aranyosmarót
48°23′N 18°24′E / 48.383°N 18.400°E / 48.383; 18.400Coordinates: 48°23′N 18°24′E / 48.383°N 18.400°E / 48.383; 18.400
History
 -  Established 11th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 2,724 km2 (1,052 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 178,500 
Density 65.5 /km2  (169.7 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia
Zlaté Moravce is the current name of the capital.

Bars (Latin: comitatus Barsiensis, Hungarian: Bars, Slovak: Tekov, German: Barsch) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central and southern Slovakia. Today in Slovakia, Tekov is the informal designation of the corresponding territory.

Geography[edit]

Map of Bars County

Bars County shared borders with the Hungarian counties Nyitra (Slovak: Nitra), Turóc Slovak: Turiec), Zólyom (Slovak: Zvolen), Hont, Esztergom (Slovak: Ostrihomský komitát / Ostrihomská stolica / Ostrihomská župa) and Komárom (Slovak: Komárno). It was situated along the Hron river between Hont in the east, Kremnica (Hungarian: Körmöcbánya and Hronská Dúbrava in the north (which were part of the county), the Žitava river in the west, and Bešeňov and Bíňa in the south (which was not part of the county). The rivers Hron and Žitava ran through the county. The county was characterised by mining. Around 1910, its area was 2,724 km2 (1,052 sq mi).

Capitals[edit]

The capital of the county was the Tekov Castle, then Levice Castle, then from the late 16th century Topoľčianky and since the late 18th century Zlaté Moravce.

History[edit]

The county arose in the 11th century. The southern part of this county was occupied by Ottoman Empire between 1663 and 1685 and managed as Uyvar eyalet by her. In the aftermath of World War I, the area became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon.

Following the provisions of the controversial First Vienna Award, the southern part of the area came under Hungarian control in November 1938. This was merged with the southern part of former Hont county to form Bars-Hont county, with capital Levice (Hungarian: Léva).

After World War II, the Trianon borders were restored and the area was completely in Czechoslovakia again. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and Tekov became part of Slovakia.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 165,122 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 178,500 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Bars/Tekov county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Aranyosmarót Aranyosmarót, SK Zlaté Moravce
Garamszentkereszt Garamszentkereszt, SK Žiar nad Hronom
Léva Léva, SK Levice
Oszlány Oszlány, SK Oslany
Verebély Verebély, SK Vráble
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Körmöcbánya, SK Kremnica
Léva, SK Levice
Újbánya, SK Nová Baňa

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24.