He was responsible for a number of administrative reforms in the Mamluk state, including the consolidation of the sultanate as a military magistrature and securing for Egypt exclusive rights over the Red Sea trade between Yemen and Europe.
His Red Sea activity included the final destruction in 1426 of ‘Aydhab, a once important port which had been in decline in the previous century.
In 1426-1427 he reconquested Cyprus.
In 1430 Egypt was severely struck by famine and plague.
- Garcin, 293-94.
- Behrens-Abouseif, 140-42.
- D. Behrens-Abouseif, Islamic architecture in Cairo: an introduction (Leiden, 1989).
- J.-C. Garcin, "The regime of the Circassian Mamluks," in C. Petry, ed., The Cambridge History of Egypt, Volume I: Islamic Egypt, 640-1517 (Cambridge, 1998), 290-317.