Bart Carlton was an American standout college basketball player at Ada Teachers College (later named East Central University) in Ada, Oklahoma during the early 1930s. He was a two-time All-American in 1930 and 1931. Carlton was also named the Helms National Player of the Year in 1931 despite having never been a consensus All-American, giving him the odd distinction as the only national player of the year who was never a consensus All-American (since consensus voting began in 1928–29).
After college he played in the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) for the DX-Oilers. Carlton led them to a national championship in 1933 with teammate Chuck Hyatt and helped produce a 26–0 record.