Bartłomiej Nowodworski High School
|Bartłomiej Nowodoworski High School in Kraków|
Semper in altum
|Kraków, Małopolska, Poland|
|Principal||Mr Tomasz Malicki|
Bartłomiej Nowodworski High School (I Liceum im. Bartłomieja Nowodworskiego; unofficially known as: Nowodworek) in Kraków, Poland is one of the oldest secondary schools in Poland. Its current location is on Ul. Na Groblach, just across the Planty from the Kraków Old Town and a few hundred meters from Wawel Castle.
The Senate of the Jagiellonian University decided to establish a school preparing students (boys only) for further education at the university level on 5 May 1586. The school was opened in 1588. Bartłomiej (Bartholomew) Nowodworski (born ca. 1552, died 13 February 1625), Polish nobleman, courtier and officer, endowed it in 1617 and 1619, thus enabling its further expansion. In recognition of his contribution, the school became known as Collegium Nowodworskiego, renamed to Liceum św. Anny (St. Ann's Lyceum) in 1818, and to c.k. Gimnazjum św.Anny (Imperial and Royal St Ann's Gymnasium) in 1850. In 1898 the school, until then located in the university area, moved to its present building in Plac na Groblach (architect Józef Sare).
Girls were admitted to the school for the first time in 1962.
In 1986 as the 400th anniversary of the school was coming close (1988) many of the old school's traditions were reactivated. One of them was Nowodworski Choir. The first supervisor was Zbigniew Toffel, and since 1992 the conductor has been Ryszard Źróbek.
It is an annual tradition, usually just before the Christmas break, that the pupils prepare the "Nowodworian Crib" : a Comedy show showing the school life in a satirical way. The actors parody their teachers and often some memorable school happenings; sometimes you can find allusions to the current political and cultural situation in Poland and in the World. All the students, teachers and former pupils make the audience. It was first shown in 1963, initially as a secret from the teachers, but soon became a yearly tradition looked forward to by students, as well as by teachers.
- Jan III Sobieski - King of Poland, the famous defender of Europe in the Battle of Vienna (against the Ottoman Empire) in 1683
- Stanisław Trembecki - poet of the Polish Enlightenment
- Jan Śniadecki - scientist of the Polish Enlightenment
- Jędrzej Śniadecki - chemist, doctor, biologist, philosopher
- Wojciech Bogusławski - "Father of Polish theater"; director of the National Theater
- Józef Bem - Independence fighter, general of the Polish and Hungarian Army
- Joseph Conrad - writer; author of famous novels, such as Heart of Darkness and The Secret Agent
- Stefan Banach - mathematician (creator of functional analysis)
- Józef Kenig - journalist, publicist, editor of Gazeta Warszawska
- Władysław Ludwik Anczyc - poet, playwright
- Jan Matejko - painter; known for paintings of notable historical Polish political and military events as well as for a gallery of Polish kings
- Józef Mehoffer - painter and decorative artist
- Stanisław Wyspiański - playwright, painter and poet
- Michał Bałucki - playwright and poet
- Kazimierz Przerwa-Tetmajer - poet, novelist
- Lucjan Rydel - poet
- Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński - critic, journalist, satirist, translator
- Ignacy Daszyński - politician, journalist and Prime Minister of the Polish government in 1918
- Leon Schiller - theater and film director
- Kazimierz Nitsch - historian and linguist, professor of Jagiellonian University and Lviv University
- Juliusz Osterwa - theater actor and director
- Gustaw Holoubek - actor and director, member of The Polish Parliament and The Senate.
- Walery Goetel - geologist and palaeontologist; researcher of geological structure of the Tatra Mountains
- Sławomir Mrożek - dramatist and writer
- Antoni Kępiński - psychiatrist; author of theories of information metabolism and axiological psychiatry
- Michał Rola-Żymierski Marshall
- Roman Młodkowski - journalist and co-founder of Polish news television TVN24
- Wawrzyniec Styczeń - social activist, lawyer, and president of the Kraków branch of Sokół
- Jerzy Vetulani - pharmacologist and biochemist
- Encyklopedia Krakowa. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa-Kraków. 2000.