Barton, Cambridgeshire

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Coordinates: 52°10′55″N 0°03′22″E / 52.182°N 0.0562°E / 52.182; 0.0562

Barton
Barton village pond - geograph.org.uk - 63391.jpg
Barton village pond
Barton is located in Cambridgeshire
Barton
Barton
 Barton shown within Cambridgeshire
Area  2.79 sq mi (7.2 km2[1]
Population 846 (2011 Census)[2]
    - Density  303 /sq mi (117 /km2)
OS grid reference TL401559
District South Cambridgeshire
Shire county Cambridgeshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAMBRIDGE
Postcode district CB23
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire

Barton is a village and civil parish in the South Cambridgeshire district of Cambridgeshire, England. It is about 4 miles (6.4 km) south-west of Cambridge, near junction 12 of the M11 motorway.

History[edit]

The Roman road Akeman Street may have passed through the village.[3] Barton, Old English Bartone, is mentioned in the Domesday Book. At that time, 1086, Robert, Count of Mortain, Humphrey from Guy de Raimbeaucourt, and William of Keynes were listed as Barton land-owners.[4]

Economy[edit]

Barton's village shop complex includes a shoe shop, hair and beauty salon, garage, and Conkers Stores, a traditional village shop and Post Office, and the area's only petrol station.[citation needed] There are two public houses in the village: The Hoops, on New Road; and the White Horse Inn, on the High Street. Barton is also home to a country shopping complex, Burwash Manor Barns, housing among other businesses a butcher, organic grocer, tea rooms, toyshop, wine merchant, and Persian rug outlet. The complex attracts visitors from across Cambridgeshire.[citation needed]

Employment within the village is very limited. Most residents commute to work at locations across southern Cambridgeshire and in London.[citation needed]

Landmarks[edit]

Between the High Street and A603 Wimpole Road lies the village's recreation ground, with a full size football pitch, tennis courts, half pipe, children's play area, pavilion, bowls club, car park, dog walks, and rough ground for general recreation. A village hall neighbours the school.

The Cambridge Rifle Range is 200 yards (180 m) north of the village, where regular military training takes place.

The picture right shows The Cambridge Universities Travelling Radio Telescope Array, which is just south of the village and can be seen from most places within the village. The dishes are situated along about 3 miles (4.8 km) of "Beechingised" railway line. By combining the signals from a number of small dishes the effective size of the receiver is increased significantly.

Religion[edit]

Barton has two churches, one Church of England and one Baptist, both on Church Lane. There are some pictures and a description of the mediaeval St Peter's at the Cambridgeshire Churches website.[5]

Education[edit]

Barton Church of England Primary School serves pupils from the village and from nearby Grantchester, and performed well under Ofsted inspection in the first decade of the 21st century.[citation needed] The village is in the catchment area for Comberton Village College, a state comprehensive school which in 2005 achieved the highest GCSE results of any state comprehensive in England.[citation needed] Students from Barton travel for further education to Cambridge's Hills Road Sixth Form College, Long Road Sixth Form College, Cambridge Regional College, and Impington Village College. Public schools are also present in Cambridge. Barton is visited weekly by a mobile library bus administered by South Cambridgeshire District Council.[6]

Transport[edit]

Barton is less than 1 mile (1.6 km) via Barton Road from the M11, which provides links to North London. The nearby A603 joins the A505 and M1, linking Barton to London through Watford. Cambridge railway station, under fifteen minutes' drive from Barton (traffic permitting, provides access to rail connections with London Kings Cross and Liverpool Street. Stansted Airport is thirty minutes' drive from Barton along the M11. The village once had its own station at Lord's Bridge on the now-closed Varsity Line between Oxford and Cambridge.

Demography[edit]

Historical population of Barton
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Population 218 231 273 284 319 308 324 418 323 281 301
Year 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Population 276 243 327 [7] 528 788 923 909 803 799 846

Census: 1801 – 2011[1][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Research Group (2010). "Historic Census Population Figures" (XLS). Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  2. ^ http://www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk/census2011/census_maps
  3. ^ Atkinson, T. D.; Hampson, Ethel M.; Long, E. T.; Meekings, C. A. F.; Miller, Edward; Wells, H. B.; Woodgate, G. M. G. (1973), Pugh, R B, ed., The Victoria History of the Counties of England: Cambridge and the isle of Ely 5, Oxford University Press, pp. 160 – 174 
  4. ^ Domesday Book (1999–2010). "Cambridgeshire, Barton". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  5. ^ The church's page at the Cambridgeshire Churches website
  6. ^ "Mobile libraries: Our service for small communities". Cambridgeshire County Council. 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  7. ^ No census 1941 due to WWII
  8. ^ http://lovemytown.co.uk/Populations/TownsTable1.asp

External links[edit]