Barton, Vermont

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the village, see Barton (village), Vermont.
Barton, Vermont
Town
Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Coordinates: 44°45′49″N 72°11′12″W / 44.76361°N 72.18667°W / 44.76361; -72.18667Coordinates: 44°45′49″N 72°11′12″W / 44.76361°N 72.18667°W / 44.76361; -72.18667
Country United States
State Vermont
County Orleans
Chartered October 20, 1789
Area
 • Total 44.9 sq mi (116.3 km2)
 • Land 43.7 sq mi (113.1 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
Elevation 931 ft (353 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,780
 • Density 63.7/sq mi (24.6/km2)
 • Households 1,153
 • Families 748
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 05822, 05839, 05875
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-03550[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462037[2]

Barton is a town in Orleans County, Vermont, United States. The population was 2,780 at the 2000 census. The town includes two incorporated villages, Barton and Orleans. Approximately 30% of the town's population lived in the village of Orleans, 27% in the village of Barton, and 43% outside of the villages.[3] There are only four other towns in the state containing two incorporated villages.[4]

History[edit]

Rogers' Rangers were forced to retreat through the area following their attack on Saint-Francis, Quebec in 1759. The fleeing rangers split up before getting to Barton. One group followed the Barton River south to the falls at the outlet of Crystal Lake where they were able to catch fish. From there, they continued south over the summit into the Passumpsic River Valley.[5] Barton was chartered on October 20, 1789.[6] The grant was to sixty Revolutionary War soldiers, mainly from Rhode Island and including Admiral John Paul Jones, General William Barton, and Ira Allen.[7] Prior to formal chartering, the town was known as "Providence."[8]

From 1791 to 1793 Timothy Hinman built what is now called the "Hinman Settler Road" linking Barton south to Greensboro and north through Brownington to Derby and Canada.[9] The early settlers of Barton found Indian wigwams, in a decayed condition, quite numerous in the vicinity of the outlet of Barton pond (sic), from which it was inferred that it was a favorite camping ground. It is stated that an Indian, Foosah, claimed he killed twenty-seven moose, beside large numbers of beaver and otter near this pond in the winter of 1783-84.[7]

On June 6, 1810, the body of water known today as Runaway Pond flooded the Barton River Valley resulting in destruction, the results of which can still be seen today. In 1824, voters decided to fund education for all children.[4] An academy started operating in 1852 with 107 students. This was the forerunner of Barton Academy.[4]

Railroad construction reached Barton in 1858.[10] The first train arrived in 1863.[11] As each new railroad terminus was built, the stagecoaches used them as terminuses as well. The stage ran north from Barton from what is now the junction of State Road 58 and US 5, north to unite with the Hinman Settler Road which came out of Glover and ran up Barton Hill over what is now Maple Hill Road then straight over to what is now the Orleans Country Club and from there to Brownington.

182 men from the town volunteered to fight in the Civil War.[12]

By 1863, enthusiasm for the war had waned. Congress was forced to draft soldiers. The draft enabled people chosen to buy their way out of the draft for $300 or find a substitute, usually paying a bounty of $100. Barton's quota was 14. Out of the 14 originally chosen, seven bought their way out, six obtained a substitute. One served.[13]

There were a total of seven granite quarries in town.[14] Around 1900, a granite quarry was located on the east side of Crystal Lake. Steamboats barged stone across the lake, or were slid across on the ice.[14] An Indian burial ground was discovered during the excavation for the new Barton Academy in 1907. There is no record of what happened to those artifacts.[15]

Increasing steadily, Barton's population reached a peak of 3,506 people in 1920.

In 1921, the town put on a large pageant celebrating its 125th anniversary. A professional choreographer and playwright was hired. Three hundred townspeople performed, watched by 4,500 paying spectators, a record audience for the county at the time. The investment of $1,000 was recouped. The area was afterwards known as Pageant Park, now owned by the Barton village.[4]

The Portland Pipeline company built a crude oil pipeline to Montreal from Portland, Maine in 1941 to avoid U-Boat attacks when shipping by sea during WWII. In 2005, the portion of the line that passes through Barton town was evaluated and taxed at $2,277,000.[4][16] The last one-room schools stopped operation in the late 1950s.[4] In 1964, a candlepin bowling alley was opened. Up to ten leagues used the facility. It closed in 2000.[17]

In 1967, the school districts turned over their inadequately sized high schools, Barton Academy and Orleans High School to elementary school use and replaced them with Lake Region Union High School.

South Barton[edit]

The unincorporated village of South Barton, sometimes called Kimball Station no longer exists today. It was located near the Wheeler Mountain Road south of Crystal Lake on what is today, Route 5.

In 1858, Barton (and Orleans County) obtained a triangular piece of land from Sheffield which included all of May Pond, the entire area south of Crystal Lake, and the village of South Barton.[4] In 1861, the village of South Barton had its own post office, and, in 1874, its own railroad depot.[4] In the early 1930s, there were 30 students in the one-room schoolhouse there.[4]

Its main industry was logging. The village foundered on lack of electric power which the other two villages in town had aggressively pursued. It tried to make up for this with steam power, but by the early 1940s the village was no longer viable. Its post office closed in 1947. Three businesses operated serially in the same location: the Orleans and Caledonia Steam Mill Company, Willoughby Wood and Lumber Company and US Bobbin and Shuttle Company. Eventually the location of the latter company to New York state finalized the village's demise.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.9 square miles (116.3 km2), of which 43.7 square miles (113.1 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.3 km2) (2.81%) is water. Barton averages 931 feet (284 m) above sea level (ASL).

The principal rock is calciferous mica schist. About two miles (3 km) from the Irasburg line, and parallel with it, there is a narrow vein of hornblende schist the whole length of the town. In the eastern corner, covering an area of several square miles, the rocks are a mixture of granite, syenite, and protogine.[18] Iron has been found in small quantities, and some traces of gold.[7]

The highest peak in Barton is Barton Mountain - 2,235 feet (681 m) ASL. May Hill is 2,007 feet (612 m) high.

Barton rivers include the Barton, and Willoughby Rivers; Hogtrough Brook, Lord Brook, Annis Brook, May Pond Brook, Willoughby Brook, and Roaring Brook.

Each spring, the rainbow trout swim up the Willoughby River to Lake Willoughby.

Crystal Lake State Park is located in Barton.

Government[edit]

Town[edit]

  • Moderator - William May[19]
  • Selectman - Paul Sicard
  • Selectman - Robert Croteau
  • Selectmen - Terry Nye
  • Town Clerk - Kristin Atwood

The Selectman's Budget was $310,100 in 2008, the Highway Budget was $441,900.

Legislature[edit]

The Essex-Orleans Senate district includes the town of Barton, as well as parts or all of Essex County, Orleans County, Franklin County and Lamoille County. It is represented in the Vermont Senate by Vincent Illuzzi (R) and Robert A. Starr (D).

In the Vermont House of Representatives, Barton forms part of the Orleans-Caledonia-1 district. Its representatives are John Morley (R) and John S. Rodgers (D).

Education[edit]

The town is a key member of the Orleans Central Supervisory Union. Spending per pupil in 2007 was $10,364, slightly below the state average of $11,095.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,780 people, 1,153 households, and 748 families residing in the town. The population density was 63.7/sq mi(24.6/km2). There were 1,438 housing units at an average density of 32.9 per square mile (12.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.37% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.

There were 1,153 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

Economy[edit]

Personal income[edit]

The median income for a household in the town was $28,797, and the median income for a family was $33,872. Males had a median income of $25,922 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,636. About 12.2% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism[edit]

Prior to 2010, a study was taken which showed that that second home ownership in town was 30%, not an uncommonly high percentage in the county.[20]

Industry[edit]

Ethan Allen Manufacturing, in the village of Orleans, employs about 400 workers locally.[21]

A nursing home with 71 beds employs 70 people.[22][23]

Utilities and communication[edit]

Cellphone[edit]

Barton receives Unicel (TDMA and GSM)

Electricity[edit]

The Barton side of Barton town is serviced by Barton Electric which generates some of its power hydroelectrically. It services 2100 customers.[24][25]

The Orleans side of Barton town is serviced by The Village of Orleans Electric with 665 customers.[24][25]

Water and sewage[edit]

Water is separately distributed to local village residents in Barton and Orleans. Barton charges $59.50 per 5,000 US gallons (19,000 l; 4,200 imp gal); Orleans charges $24. Sewage is charged by the same water meter usage, $172.60 per 5000 in Barton; $59 in Orleans.[26]

Solid waste[edit]

Barton generated about 2,000 short tons (1,800 t) of waste annually in 2013.[27]

Transportation[edit]

Major routes[edit]

The opening of the Interstate north on November 9, 1972 and opening south in 1978 had an impact on the town comparable to the opening of the railway a century earlier. In 1980, Barton registered its first population gain in a century.[4]

Barton has 78.37 miles (126.12 km) of state road and class 1, 2 and 3 roads, of which 44.38 miles (71.42 km) are class 3 (dirt) roads and 21.43 miles (34.49 km) are state roads.[28]

Local community public and private transportation[edit]

Vermont Transit bus company services Barton.[29]

Railroads[edit]

While the Washington County Railroad (The Vermont Railway System) runs through Barton, it does not service the town.

Media[edit]

Culture[edit]

Barton village contains three areas on the National Register of Historic Places.

Barton is home to the Orleans County Fair held each August at the Fairgrounds since 1868.[32] One year Lowell Thomas was the master of ceremonies.[33] Past fairs featured harness racing. In 2009, a state record for the mile was broken at 1:56.2.[34] Edward Hoagland wrote the essay, "Americana, etc.", a "paean"" to the Fair of 1969.[35] This inadvertently resulted in the demise of girlie shows at the fair, once a staple.[36] In 2013, the paid attendance was 18,000.[37] In 2011, a Guinness World Record was set when 301 Cadillacs were in the same parade on the opening day of the Fair; 103 were needed to beat the prior record. The Cadillac developer had been born in Barton.[38]

Barton has two libraries, one in Barton village, one in Orleans.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Conversion of St. Paul Church (Vermont)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Vermont 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Young, Darlene (1998). A history of Barton Vermont. Crystal Lake Falls Historical Association. 
  5. ^ Darrell Hoyt (1985). Sketches of Orleans, Vermont. Mempremagog Press. ISBN 0-9610860-2-5. , page 1
  6. ^ "Actual Virtual Vermont Internet Magazine". Barton. Retrieved 2006-12-27. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b c Gazetteer of Lamoille and Orleans Counties, VT.; 1883-1884, Compiled and Published by Hamilton Child; May 1887
  8. ^ Dunbar, Bethany M. (June 26, 2013). "Barton's hydroelectric history is revisited". The Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). pp. 1B. 
  9. ^ "Vermont History". The Checkered Career of Timothy Hinman. Retrieved 2006-12-27. 
  10. ^ Darrell Hoyt (1985). Sketches of Orleans, Vermont. Orleans County Historical Society. , page 14
  11. ^ Barton, Vermont - Business & Industry - Northeast Kingdom
  12. ^ Taylor, Dan (May 2012). "Barton Believables: The Raffle". Vermont's Northland Journal 11 (2): 22. 
  13. ^ Taylor, Dan (April 2013). "Barton Believables: Skedaddlers in Barton". Vermont's Northland Journal 12 (1): 22–24. 
  14. ^ a b Dunbar, Bethany M. (June 26, 2013). "Barton's hydroelectric history is revisited". The Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). pp. 20B. 
  15. ^ Taylor, Dan (December 2009). "Barton Academy and Graded School - A Village Icon Enters Its Second Century". Vermont's Northland Journal 8 (9): 15–19. 
  16. ^ Krajeski, William (2005). Reappraisal of the Town of Barton, Vermont 2005. Town of Barton. 
  17. ^ Starr, Tena (8 September 2010). "Candlepin closed in aftermath of legal tangle". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. p. 1. 
  18. ^ protogine - definition from dictionary.die.net
  19. ^ Mason to fill White's shoes as town clerk,The Chronicle,March 7, 2007, page 9
  20. ^ Starr, Tena (7 July 2010). "Glover to study summer people's spending habits". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. pp. 10A. 
  21. ^ http://vtwoodnet.org/news_articles/ethan_allen_power_plant.htm
  22. ^ [1]
  23. ^ [2]
  24. ^ a b Electric Utilities List : Electric : Vermont Department of Public Service
  25. ^ a b "Customers" refers to number of hookups, not individuals
  26. ^ Braithwaite, Chris (May 15, 2013). "Editorial:The vicious circle of utility rates". The Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). p. 4. 
  27. ^ Dentel-Post, Aaron (November 5, 2014). "Barton doesn't plan to join solid waste district". The Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). pp. 13A. 
  28. ^ 2004 Miles by County-Town.rtf
  29. ^ Bus service
  30. ^ VtGenWeb-Orleans County Vermont Newspapers
  31. ^ RadioStationWorld - Vermont - Radio Broadcasting Stations
  32. ^ Discover the Barton Area. Barton Area Chamber of Commerce,undated, referenced February 2007
  33. ^ Hull, Marion Seavey (August 2006). Recollections of the County Fairs. Vermont's Northland Journal. 
  34. ^ Dunbar, Bethany (26 August 2009). "Noble Falcon breaks Vermont harness racing record". Barton, Vermont: the Chronicle. pp. 24–25. 
  35. ^ Johnson, Tim (June 26, 2011). "the Birth of an Essayist". Burlington Free Press (Burlington, Vermont). pp. 1E. 
  36. ^ Lefebvre, Paul (July 17, 2013). "Hoagland's essay on girlie shows caused uproar". The Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). pp. 12A. 
  37. ^ "Fair has new president". the Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). August 21, 2013. pp. 1A. 
  38. ^ Starr, Tena (August 24, 2011). "Cadillac parade shatters Guinness Book record". the Chronicle (Barton, Vermont). p. 1. 
  39. ^ [3]
  40. ^ "Barton Human Capital". July 11, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  41. ^ Political graveyard.com
  42. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=tt2_3hTQxFMC&pg=PA290&dq=%22barton+academy%22#PPA90,M1 retrieved on June 8, 2007
  43. ^ BIOPROJ.SABR.ORG :: The Baseball Biography Project

External links[edit]