Barton Hills, Michigan
|Barton Hills, Michigan|
|• Total||0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)|
|• Land||0.75 sq mi (1.94 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||942 ft (287 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||299|
|• Density||392.0/sq mi (151.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||2398044|
Barton Hills is a village in Washtenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the village population was 294. Barton Hills has one of the highest per capita incomes in the United States. The village is located just northwest of Ann Arbor. As the Barton Hills Maintenance Corporation owns the village's roads, only members of the community and their guests may enter the village. 
Located within Ann Arbor Charter Township and adjacent to the city of Ann Arbor, the community was originally named "Huron Farms" and was established by the Detroit Edison Company in 1913. The company acquired land on both sides of the Huron River and built a series of dams for electric power production. Land owned by the company was also used for agricultural purposes, including farms, dairy cattle, and fruit orchards. The area where the village is currently located was too hilly for farming and was instead promoted by company executive as an exclusive residential community for company executives. Membership in the Barton Hills Country Club was considered by many to be a mark of distinction. As homes were constructed in the 1920s, restrictions attached to each deed stipulated that the homes must be designed by a registered architect.
By the 1940s, through the economic and social turmoil of the Great Depression and World War II, the community had become an economic liability for a public utility. The company shareholders decided to make an outright gift of its holding to the residents of the community in exchange for assuming responsibility for maintaining the water system, roads, and other municipal services.
However, the community did not seek municipal status until some thirty years later. On December 12, 1973, the community became the first home rule village in Washtenaw County.
Barton Hills has the highest per capita income of any other location in Michigan, although it is not commonly used for reference because the village has fewer than 1,000 households.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.75 square miles (1.94 km2), all of it land. Barton hills sits on the north bank of Barton Pond, the impoundment of the Huron River, created by Barton Dam, a low-head hydroelectric dam originally built by Detroit Edison.
As of the census of 2010, there were 294 people, 123 households, and 93 families residing in the village. The population density was 392.0 inhabitants per square mile (151.4 /km2). There were 137 housing units at an average density of 182.7 per square mile (70.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 88.1% White, 1.0% African American, 6.8% Asian, 1.7% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.
There were 123 households of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.4% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.74.
The median age in the village was 53.7 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 10.2% were from 25 to 44; 37.3% were from 45 to 64; and 29.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 335 people, 136 households, and 112 families residing in the village. The population density was 418.2 per square mile (161.7/km²). There were 141 housing units at an average density of 176.0 per square mile (68.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 88.96% White, 1.49% African American, 5.07% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 3.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population.
There were 136 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them. 81.6% of households are married couples living together, 0.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.73.
The village population is 18.8% under the age of 18, 3.6% age 18 to 24, 14.6% age 25 to 44, 40.6% age 45 to 64, and 22.4% age 65 and older. The median age is 52. For every 100 females there are 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.
The median household income is $149,056, and the median family income is $153,166. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $51,111 for females. The per capita income for the village was $110,683. None of the families and 0.6% of the population were living below the poverty line, none of whom were under the age of eighteen or over 64.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Barton Hills, Michigan
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Barton Hills village, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
- "The Buried History of Barton Hills, Michigan". Ann Arbor Observer. Retrieved October 14, 2013.