Barton McLean

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Barton McLean (born 8 April 1938) is an American composer, performer, music reviewer, and writer

Barton McLean
Barton McLean setting up bicycle wheel
Barton McLean in performance

Life[edit]

Barton McLean was born in Poughkeepsie, New York, the son of John and Grace McLean, on April 8, 1938. He graduated from State University of New York (SUNY) Potsdam (BS 1960), Eastman School of Music (MM 1965), where he was a student of Henry Cowell, and Indiana University (DMA 1972). He taught music theory and double bass at SUNY (1960-66), while performing on double bass in jazz groups and the Hudson Valley Philharmonic Orchestra. From 1969-76 he taught music composition and theory at Indiana University South Bend. From 1969-76 he directed the Electronic Music Center at the University of Texas at Austin. In 1967 he married fellow composer Priscilla Taylor, and by 1974 they began professional touring as The McLean Mix, presenting their electro-acoustic music, which became a full-time occupation by 1983.[1]

He created a series of solo instrument and stereo tape pieces, best known of which is Dimensions II (1974), championed by pianist David Burge,[2] who performed it extensively for several years. Another extensively performed set in this series, Dimensions III and IV for saxophone and stereo tape (1979) [3] was premiered by Albert Regni in concert at the University of Texas at Austin on November 15, 1979, and recorded by Regni on CRI Records in 1980, and is still actively performed today.

Created with a National Endowment for the Arts Composer Grant, McLean's Song of the Nahuatl, an electronic composition for eight channels of sound, was premiered at the University of Miami on March 24, 1978.[4] The Electric Sinfonia, an electronic work which uses a 16-tone octave scale, won an award at the International Bourges, France Electro-acoustic Music Festival in June 1983.[5] Along with many electronic works composed over the years, Barton McLean also developed the concept of the audience interacting intricately with instruments and live electronics in several installations.[6]

McLean's music is often based upon processes and sounds of the natural world, while using current electronic and recording technology. The result is considered to have both primitive and sophisticated elements.[7] Barton McLean's signature work is the audience-interactive installation RAINFOREST created in collaboration with wife and composer Priscilla McLean. It was staged and performed extensively throughout the USA, Canada, Europe, UK, Australia, New Zealand, and Southeast Asia from 1989 until 2013. In a darkened room a taped drone of recorded and synthesizer sounds and continuous projections of rainforest images provided an atmosphere in which members of the public were invited to perform vocally with microphones and on electronic and acoustic instruments.[8]

In 1994 McLean was awarded a New York State Council for the Arts grant to create an installation with a nostalgic Ray Bradbury feel, portraying the ancestors of the tiny village of Petersburgh, New York. Using blown-up photographs and stations set up with recorded speaking voices, instruments, and electronic sounds, Forgotten Shadows was premiered in the Veterans Memorial Hall, Petersburgh, on Oct. 14, 1994. The music was made into a recording that is unique to McLean's style.[9] A new direction in McLean's composing using a computer program written in Cycling '74 software Max/MSP allowed for the creation of Magic at Xanadu (MAX),[10] inspired by the Coleridge poem "Kubla Khan" and performed live on keyboards and computer by Barton McLean. Magic at Xanadu (MAX) was recorded at the Knickerbocker Theatre in Holland, Michigan in 2008 and became a feature of The McLean Mix tours through 2010. Currently, McLean is composing with and developing concepts on the Kyma system provided by Symbolic Sound.

The McLean Mix performed from 1974 to 2013, presenting their separate works and collaborations across the USA and internationally; in these concerts he played the piano or synthesizer, plus woodwinds, amplified bicycle wheel, invented instruments, percussion, and digital processors.[11] The McLeans live in Petersburgh, New York.

Awards[edit]

Discography[edit]

Works[edit]

Selected works include:

  • Fantasia for Piano, 1968
  • Genesis, electronic, 1973
  • Spirals, electronic, 1974
  • Dimensions II for piano and recorded sound, 1974
  • Song of the Nahuatl, electronic, 1976
  • The Sorcerer Revisited, electronic, 1975, rev.1980
  • Dimensions III and IV for saxophone and recorded sound, 1979
  • A Lecture, speech improvisation featuring Trevor Wishart, with electronics, 1982
  • Etunytude, electronic, 1982
  • In Wilderness is the Preservation of the World for live performance, choir, narrators, soloists, taped wolves and eskimos, electronic sounds, audience singing, 1983
  • Pathways for symphonic winds and percussion, 1983
  • Rainforest, collaborative installation with Priscilla McLean for five performance stations, digital processing, recorded sound, and slides/video, 1989
  • Visions of a Summer Night electronic suite in 5 movements, 1989
  • Himalayan Fantasy, electronic, 1992
  • Rainforest Images I collaboration with Priscilla McLean, electronic, using rainforest sounds from 3 continents, 1993
  • Rainforest Images II, collaboration with Priscilla McLean and Hasnul Jamal Saidon, music and video, 1994
  • Earth Music, live electronics with 2 performers, 1993
  • Jambori Rimba, collaboration with Priscilla McLean for live performers and electronics, 1997
  • Happy Days for live electronics using music boxes, keyboards, flexatones, party instruments, acting,1997
  • Forgotten Shadows, electronic collage using many old time songs and instruments, 1998
  • Ritual of the Dawn for 6 piece chamber ensemble, 1998
  • Rainforest Reflections for orchestra, tape, two soloists, 1999
  • Rhapsody on a Desert Spring for MIDI violin, live performance with Korg Wavestation, 1999
  • Journey on a Long String, electronic, 2001
  • MILLing in the ENNIUM, electronic collage from installation of the same name, 2001
  • Magic at Xanadu, (MAX) live computer performance with MA/MSP, 2008
  • Concerto: States of Being for piano and electronics, 2009
  • Ice Canyons for live electronic performance with MAX/MSP, 2010
  • Jubilee for live computer performance with MAX/MSP, 2010
  • Peter's People Suite from video of the same name, 2012 [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition, Vol.15, editor Stanley Sadie, Macmillan Publishers, London, 2001, p. 508.
  2. ^ "Recital: By David Burge." New York Times, author John Rockwell, March 23, 1975.
  3. ^ Dimensions III and IV by Barton McLean, The Saxophone Symposium, author Ronald Caravan, Fall, 1980, pp. 6-9.
  4. ^ Barton & Priscilla McLean Folkways Electronics, author Jim Aikin, Keyboard Magazine (formerly Contemporary Keyboard), July, 1979, p. 92.
  5. ^ "Centre National de Création Musicale". Institut International de Musique Electroacoustique de Bourges (in French). Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  6. ^ New Directions in Music, 7th edition, author David Cope, Waveland Press, Prospect Heights, Illinois, 2000, pp. 124-5.
  7. ^ Artists and Activists, author Joseph Dalton, The Troy Book Makers, New York, 2008, p. 71.
  8. ^ Electric Sound, author Joel Chadabe, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1997, p. 331.
  9. ^ Forgotten Shadows, author Graham Simpson, International Record Review, September 2000, p. 75
  10. ^ Three DVDs from The McLean Mix, author Elizabeth Hinkle-Turner, Computer Music Journal, Fall 2010, Volume 34, No. 3, pp. 81-85
  11. ^ The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edition, Vol.15, editor Stanley Sadie, Macmillan Publishers, New York, NY, 2001, p. 508.
  12. ^ The International Who's Who in Classical Music 2012
  • New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians 2nd edition, Volume 15, title "McLean, Barton (Keith)", editors Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell, author Barbara A. Petersen, publisher Macmillan Publishers, place London, year 2001, p. 508.
  • New Directions in Music, 7th edition, author David Cope, publisher Waveland Press, place Prospect Heights, Illinois, year 2000, pp. 124-5.
  • Artists and Activists, author Joseph Dalton, publisher The Troy Book Makers, place New York, year 2008, p. 71.
  • Electric Sound: The Past and Prsent of Electronic Music, author Joel Chadabe, publisher Prentice Hall, place Saddle River, New Jersey, year 1997, ISBN 9780133032314, p. 331.



External links[edit]

Barton McLean *Official Site