Barton-upon-Humber

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Barton-upon-Humber
Marketplace - Barton Upon Humber.jpg
Market Place, Barton upon Humber
Barton-upon-Humber is located in Lincolnshire
Barton-upon-Humber
Barton-upon-Humber
 Barton-upon-Humber shown within Lincolnshire
Population 9,334 
OS grid reference TA030221
   – London 150 mi (240 km)  S
Unitary authority North Lincolnshire
Ceremonial county Lincolnshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARTON-UPON-HUMBER
Postcode district DN18
Dialling code 01652
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Cleethorpes
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 53°41′00″N 0°27′00″W / 53.6833°N 0.4500°W / 53.6833; -0.4500

Barton-upon-Humber or Barton is a town and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England. It is situated on the south bank of the Humber Estuary, and at the end of the Humber Bridge. It lies 46 miles (74 km) east of Leeds, 6 miles (10 km) south-west of Hull and 31 miles (50 km) north north-east of the county town of Lincoln. Other nearby towns include Scunthorpe to the south-west and Grimsby to the south-east.

Geography[edit]

The Barton – Cleethorpes branch line (opened 1849) via Grimsby terminates at Barton-on-Humber station. The A15 passes to the west of the town cutting through Beacon Hill, and has a junction with the A1077 Ferriby Road to South Ferriby. The B1218 passes north-south through the town, and leads to Barton Waterside. Kimberly-Clark had a factory on Falkland Way close to the railway, known the Barton Plant; this area is known as the Humber Bridge Industrial Estate.

Barton is on the south bank of the Humber estuary and is at the southern end of the Humber Bridge. The Viking Way starts near the bridge.[1]

History[edit]

Anglo-Saxons[edit]

Church of St Peter Barton upon Humber.

St Peter's church has a Saxon tower. An Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemetery at Castledyke South, in use from the late fifth or early sixth century until the late 7th century, was investigated and partially excavated 1975-90: the skeletal remains of 227 individuals were identified, including one who had undergone (and survived) trepanning.[2] The church was reopened in May 2007 as a resource for medical research into the development of diseases, and ossuary, containing the bones and skeletons of some 2,750 people whose remains were removed between 1978 and 1984 from the 1,000 year old burial site, after the Church of England made the church redundant in 1972.[3][4][5] The significance of the human remains lies in their representing the pathology of an isolated community over the period ca.950-ca1850. An excavation report on one of England's most extensively investigated parish church, including a volume on the human remains, was published in 2007.[6][7]

A ferry to Hull began in 1351, being granted by Edward II running until 1851, but this was superseded by a ferry at New Holland which began in 1820.[citation needed]

The former head office of Elswick Hopper under conversion into apartments (2006)

In 1880 Frank Hopper started a bicycle repair business in a former blacksmith's shop in the town. He soon began manufacturing bicycles, and after buying the Elswick Cycle Company of Elswick, Tyne and Wear in 1910, and developed the renamed Elswick Hopper into a major manufacturer. Listed on the London Stock Exchange from 1930, the company had expanded into a diverse engineering, manufacturing and distribution conglomerate by the late 1970s. After moving residual UK bicycle manufacture to Brigg in the late 1980s, the now renamed Falcon Cycles division was sold to investors in the early 1990s. Elswick plc itself was sold in 1994, at which point it closed its offices in the town. The former head office at the junction of Brigg Road and Holydyke was converted into apartments in 2006. The Barton Racing Pigeon Club as we know it today, was formed around 1971.

Churches[edit]

There are two churches in Barton-upon-Humber, St Peter's and St Mary's, located only about five hundred feet apart. St Peter's is a large, mostly Anglo-Saxon church and predates St Mary's — which may have originated as a chapel on the original market place, enlarged and increasing in importance as the town's trade thrived in the 12th and 13th centuries.[8][9][10][11]

Education[edit]

Baysgarth School,[12] is a comprehensive school for ages 11–18 on Barrow Road. There are also three primary schools, St Peter's Church of England, on Marsh Lane;[13] the Castledyke Primary School,[14] (formerly Barton County School) on the B1218, and the Bowmandale primary school,[15] in the south of the town.

Barton Grammar School,[16] which opened in 1931, used to be on Caistor Road. Henry Treece, the poet and author, was a teacher at the Grammar School.[citation needed]

Industry[edit]

For 20 years, Barton-upon-Humber was home to a 750,000 square foot site for Kimberly-Clark. The site closed in March 2013 and more than 200 jobs were lost. The future of the site still remains uncertain. [17]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Barton, Maryland, USA. The Reverend William Shaw of Barton-upon-Humber, a Methodist minister settled on the site of Barton, Maryland in 1794. His son, William Shaw Jr. laid out the town in 1853, naming it for his father's hometown.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Recreational Route: East Midlands — Viking Way". Ramblers.org. Retrieved 2007-07-30. 
  2. ^ Drinkall; Foreman (1998), The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Castledyke South, Barton-on-Humber, Sheffield Academic Press, ISBN 1-85075-643-0 
  3. ^ Church finds there's life in the old bones yet, Ekklesia and Ecumenical News International, accessed 18 August 2007
  4. ^ "Skeleton collection goes on show", BBC News, 24 May 2007 
  5. ^ "Reburial for Anglo Saxon remains", BBC News, 7 March 2008 
  6. ^ Rodwell; Atkins (2011), St Peter's Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire 1, Oxbow, ISBN 978-1-84217-325-1 
  7. ^ Waldron (2007), St Peter's Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire 2, Oxbow, ISBN 978-1-84217-283-4 
  8. ^ Varah, Hugh. "Visitors' Guide and History of Saint Mary's Church". The Parish Church of Saint Mary the Virgin. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "St Peter's Church, Barton-upon-Humber". English Heritage. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  10. ^ English Heritage. "St Peter's Church  (Grade I) (1083103)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  11. ^ English Heritage. "St Mary's Church  (Grade I) (1346773)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Baysgarth School". 
  13. ^ http://www.barton-st-peters.n-lincs.sch.uk/
  14. ^ http://www.castledyke.n-lincs.sch.uk/
  15. ^ http://www.bowmandale.n-lincs.sch.uk
  16. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20070716201848/http://www.bartonuponhumber.btinternet.co.uk/picbook/school1.htm
  17. ^ "200-plus jobs go with Barton closure of Kimberly-Clark factory this Sunday". Scunthorpe Telegraph (Scunthorpe). 28 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "Jamie Cann", The Independent, 16 October 2001 
  19. ^ Chibnall, Steve; Murphy, Robert (1999). British crime cinema ([Online-Ausg.]. ed.). London: Routledge. p. 130. ISBN 0415168708. 
  20. ^ 'The Later History of Barton-upon-Humber, vol 3, Rex C. Russell, WEA 2002, ISBN 0-900959-19-3, p45f.
  21. ^ "The Most Rev. Peter D. Robinson", angelfire.com. Retrieved 30 July 2011
  22. ^ "Obituary: The Reverend Chad Varah". BBC News. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  23. ^ R.R. Rusk, 'A History of Infant Education', University of London Press 1933 pp 172 ff.
  24. ^ [1] Former pupil turned photographer returns to school as part of project
  25. ^ [2] Looking for America

Further information[edit]

External links[edit]