Baruch Agadati

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Baruch Agadati
Baruch Agadati.jpg
Agadati, 1925
Born Baruch Kaushansky
February 18, 1895
Bendery, Bessarabia (Moldavia\Transnistria)
Died 18 January 1976(1976-01-18) (aged 80)
Resting place
Trumpeldor Cemetery, Tel Aviv
Citizenship Israeli
Alma mater Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
Home town Odessa; Tel Aviv
Religion Jewish
Awards Worthy Citizen of Tel Aviv Award, Municipality of Tel Aviv-Jaffa, 1976

Baruch Agadati (Hebrew: ברוך אגדתי‎, also Baruch Kaushansky-Agadati; January 8, 1895 – January 18, 1976) was a Russian Empire-born Israeli classical ballet dancer, choreographer, painter, and film producer and director.[1][2][3] He is considered a legendary figure in Israeli culture.[4]

Biography[edit]

Baruch Kaushansky (later Agadati) was born to a Jewish family in Bessarabia,[5] and grew up in Odessa.[2] He immigrated to Palestine in the early 1900s.[4] In Palestine, he was known for performing Jewish folk dances in an expressionist style.[6]

Joseph Zaritsky, Arieh Lubin, Yona Zeliuk, Reuven Rubin, Sionah Tagger, Pinchas Liyvionwsky, Yitzhak Katz, and Baruch Agadati; 1925
Grave of Baruch Agadati

Agadati attended the Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design in Jerusalem from 1910–14.[4][7] When World War I started in 1914, he was in Russia visiting his parents and was unable to return to Palestine.[8] He remained there and studied classical ballet, joining the dance troupe of the Odessa Opera and Ballet Theater.[9] In 1919, he returned to Palestine. In 1920, he moved to the Neve Tzedek neighborhood in Tel Aviv, where he lived until his death.[4] He is buried in Trumpeldor Cemetery in Tel Aviv.

Dance and film career[edit]

Kaushansky to Russia during the First World War and took the name Agadati.[10] After Agadati's return to Palestine in 1919, he began to give solo dance recitals[9] and became one of the pioneers of cinema in Israel.[11][12] Agadati purchased cinematographer Yaakov Ben Dov's film archives in 1934, when Ben Dov retired from filmmaking.[12] He and his brother Yitzhak used it to start the AGA Newsreel.[12][13] He directed the early Zionist film entitled This is the Land (1935).[14]

In the 1920s and 1930s, he was known for organizing Adloyada Tel Aviv Purim balls.[2][4][15]

Agadati's costume for "Yihie" ("Yemenite Ecstasy"), a solo show that also toured Europe and South America, was designed by Natalia Goncharova of Ballets Russes.[16]

In 1924, Agadati choreographed a dance based on the Romanian Hora that became known as "Hora Agadati". It was performed by the Ohel Theater Company, which toured pioneer settlements in the Jezreel Valley.[17] The dancers form a circle, holding hands and move counterclockwise following a six-beat step in a walk-walk-step-kick-step-kick pattern.

Education[edit]

  • 1910 Bezalel Academy of Art and Design, Jerusalem, with Boris Schatz
  • 1914-19 Dance and painting, Odessa
  • 1930 Painting, Florence

Teaching[edit]

  • Odessa, classical ballet, painting and music

Awards and recognition[edit]

  • 1976 Worthy Citizen of Tel Aviv Award, Municipality of Tel Aviv-Jaffa

Gallery[edit]

Archival photographs of Baruch Agadati in costume, taken during the late 1920s.
Photographer: Atelier Willinger, Vienna
Collection of the Bat Sheva and Yitzhak Katz Archive, Information Center for Israeli Art, Israel Museum, Jerusalem

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dalia Manor (2005). Art in Zion: the genesis of modern national art in Jewish Palestine. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Israel Museum Information Center for Israeli Art – Artists' Information". Israel Museum. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  3. ^ Ruth Eshel (March 1, 2009). "Dance in the Yishuv and Israel". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Stephanie Fried (March 5, 1993). "What A Party!". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  5. ^ World Union of Jewish Studies (1992). Jewish studies. ha-Igud. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  6. ^ Karl Eric Toepfer. Empire of ecstasy: nudity and movement in German body culture, 1910–1935. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  7. ^ Art in Zion: the genesis of modern .... Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Agadati (Kaushanski), Baruch". Encyclopaedia Judaica. 2007. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b The Israel Museum journal. 1986. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Baruch Agadati". Information Center for Israeli Art. Israel Museum. Retrieved October 2013. 
  11. ^ Amos Oz, Barbara Harshav (2000). The silence of heaven: Agnon's fear of God. Princeton University Press. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c Oliver Leaman (2001). Companion encyclopedia of Middle Eastern and North African film. Taylor & Francis. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  13. ^ Stiftung Deutsche Kinemathek (1997). Filmexil. Hentrich. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  14. ^ Gary Hoppenstand (2007). The Greenwood encyclopedia of world popular culture, Volume 4. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  15. ^ Wendy Luterman (March 2011). "Purim Years Ago as seen in the Movie Archives". Jewishmag.co.il. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  16. ^ Seeing Israeli and Jewish Dance, ed. Judith Brin Ingber
  17. ^ ‘Hora’ History

External links[edit]