Baruch Ben Haim
|Hakham Baruch Ben Haim|
|Organisation||Brooklyn Syrian Jewish community|
|Other||Founder, Shaare Zion Torah Center|
|Birth name||Baruch Mizrahi|
|Born||November 18, 1921
|Died||June 2, 2005
Brooklyn, New York
|Alma mater||Porat Yosef Yeshiva|
|Semicha||Rabbi Ezra Attiya
Rabbi Ben-Zion Meir Hai Uziel
Baruch Ben Haim (Hebrew: ברוך בן חיים, November 18, 1921 – June 2, 2005) was a Sephardi Hakham who served as Chief Rabbi of the Syrian Jewish community in Brooklyn, New York for 55 years. He taught at Magen David Yeshiva and established the Shaare Zion Torah Center at Congregation Shaare Zion. He was a protege of Rabbi Ezra Attiya, rosh yeshiva of Porat Yosef Yeshiva, who trained and dispatched students to leadership positions in Sephardi communities around the world.
Ben Haim was born in Jerusalem in 1921. He was one of nine children of Haim Mizrahi and Miriam Shalom, both natives of Iraq. The family changed its surname from Mizrahi to Ben Haim ("son of Haim") after Haim Mizrahi's death in 1951 to honor their patriarch.
At age 11 Ben Haim entered Porat Yosef Yeshiva, where he was a member of the so-called "wonder class" of students who went on to become noted Torah scholars and leaders in the Sephardi Jewish world. His classmates included Rabbi Ben Zion Abba Shaul, Rabbi Yehuda Moallem, Rabbi Zion Levy, and Rabbi Ovadia Yosef. Ben Haim was especially close to Yosef, who was his chavruta (study partner) from a young age and with whom he spent up to 15 hours a day engaged in Torah study.
Ben Haim received rabbinic ordination from his rosh yeshiva, Rabbi Ezra Attiya, and from the Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Ben-Zion Meir Hai Uziel. For a while he served as a dayan (rabbinical court judge) on the Sephardi Beit Din in Jerusalem, together with Rabbis Attiya and Yehuda Shako. In 1947 he accepted a rabbinical position in an Ashkenazi community in South Africa, which he served for two years.
In 1949 he accepted the position of Assistant Chief Rabbi of the Syrian Jewish community in Brooklyn upon the request of Isaac Shalom, president of Brooklyn’s Magen David Synagogue, who had asked Rabbi Attiya to send another rabbi. Ben Haim arrived in New York in January 1950. Two months later he became engaged to the daughter of Rabbi Jacob S. Kassin, Chief Rabbi of the Syrian Jewish community in Brooklyn. The couple married in May 1950 and had four sons: Rabbi Eli Ben Haim, former spiritual leader of the Lawrence Avenue Synagogue, Rabbi Dr Yaacov Ben Haim of Congregation Shaare Zion, Rabbi Dr Yehuda Ben Haim, and David Ben Haim.
Ben Haim served as assistant rabbi to Kassin in Congregation Shaare Zion, where he made a number of important contributions to the synagogue, including the establishment of the Shaare Zion Torah Center to educate the community in subjects of Torah and Jewish law. He officiated at thousands of weddings as well as bar mitzvahs and funerals. He also taught in Magen David Yeshiva for three decades, beginning in the early 1950s. He spent several months each summer in Deal and Bradley Beach, New Jersey, addressing and strengthening the Syrian Jewish community in those locales. As a public service, he recorded the Hebrew Psalms with the proper ta'amim (cantillation). The recordings were released to the public during his lifetime, and have been posted online after his death on the DailyTehillim.com website.
Ben Haim was a beloved leader in the Brooklyn Syrian Jewish community. He displayed great love for every Jew, greeting old and young with a smile. He willingly mediated domestic disputes and assisted others in any way he could. He also gave blessings whenever asked.
In 2003 Ben Haim became seriously ill and was flown to Cleveland for an operation. At that time, the name Raphael was added to his Hebrew name (Baruch Raphael ben Miriam) as a prayer for a complete recovery. He recovered from the operation but his health deteriorated for six months beginning in spring 2005 and he died on June 2005.
His funeral was held at three of the Brooklyn Syrian Jewish community's leading institutions: Congregation Shaare Zion, Magen David Yeshiva, and Magen David Synagogue. Then his body was flown to Israel, where he was eulogized at Porat Yosef Yeshiva by Rabbis Ovadia Yosef, Eliyahu Bakshi-Doron, Shlomo Amar, Yehuda Moallem, and Moshe Tzadka. He was buried on Har HaMenuchot in Jerusalem.
- "Haham Baruch Ben Haim". Historical Society of Jews from Egypt. 2 June 2005. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "The Community Mourns the Passing of Rabbi Baruch Ben Haim". Image Magazine. 2005. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Ben-Haim, David. "The Life of Our Teacher, Leader and Mentor, Hacham Baruch Ben Haim". Community Magazine Special Commemorative Section, pp. 54–59.
- Ben-Haim, David. "Adapted from a speech at Hacham Baruch's Arayat in Magen David Yeshiva". Community Magazine Special Commemorative Section, pp. 75–78.
- Levy, David; Levy, Susan; Azrak, Sari (15 January 2009). "Glimpses of Greatness: Harav Tzion Levy, zt"l – Chief Rabbi of Panama, Part I". Hamodia. p. C6.
- Yosef, Hacham David. "The Special Relationship Between Hacham Baruch & Hacham Ovadia Yosef", Community Magazine Special Commemorative Section, pp. 50–52.
- "Glimpse into the life of Maran HaRav Ovadia Yosef Shlit"a". Chazaq. 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Roffé, Sarina. "The Jews of Aleppo". JewishGen. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Ben-Haim, Yehudah. "A Day of Crying: The funeral of Hacham Baruch" eulogy. Community Magazine Special Commemorative Section, p. 64.
- "DailyTehillim.com". Community Magazine. 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Diamond, Rabbi Shlomo. "A Day of Crying: The funeral of Hacham Baruch" eulogy. Community Magazine Special Commemorative Section, p. 61.
- Ben-Haim, Eli. "Speech at the Funeral of Hacham Baruch". Community Magazine, Special Commemorative Section, p. 62.
- Yosef, Ovadia. "Speech at the Funeral of Hacham Baruch". Community Magazine, Special Commemorative Section, p. 65.
- "Special Commemorative Section: Hacham Baruch zt"l". Community Magazine. July 2005.