Barwałd Górny

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Barwałd Górny
Village
Barwałd Górny is located in Poland
Barwałd Górny
Barwałd Górny
Coordinates: 49°52′N 19°38′E / 49.867°N 19.633°E / 49.867; 19.633
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
County Wadowice
Gmina Kalwaria Zebrzydowska
Highest elevation 340 m (1,120 ft)
Lowest elevation 280 m (920 ft)

Barwałd Górny [ˈbarvau̯t ˈɡurnɨ] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, within Wadowice County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland. It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) west of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, 10 km (6 mi) east of Wadowice, and 31 km (19 mi) south-west of the regional capital Kraków.[1]

The land was vested probably at the end of the thirteenth century with an owner named Barwałd. The first mention of the settlement comes from 1381, the property of Barvaltu Sulek, from the fifteenth century it was known as Barwałdzcy. In the sixteenth century, the division was into three villages of Barwałdu: Barwałd Top / Upper, Middle and Bottom. In 1540, the village was bought by King Sigismund the Old and incorporated into the Royal Zator. The Zatorscy governors used the local people to cut wood, the wood was sent to Zator. From the sixteenth century, the village belongs to Szaczowskich family, then Russockich, then the Porębscy in the seventeenth century, and the Gołuchowscy in the eighteenth / nineteenth century. On the outskirts of the forest in the village, the Wallachian population incarcerated at the turn of the sixteenth and seventeenth century Tartar captives, Cossack and Russian. Starosta barwałdzki Wierzbowski Hermione told the local population to pay the rent, instead of being in serfdom to the castle in Zator. In 1665, Janowski Bębnowski displaced the peasants of the villager from their land and assuming it as his own farm. The construction of the railway took place in 1888 with a route through the center of the village and a railway station was opened. On 24 November 1944 a passenger train from Zakopane to Kraków collided with a German freight train, at least 130 people killed. In 1945 the Blotnickich mansion was demolished.

Catholic church in Barwald Gorny

The Chapel hermitage of Saint. Rosalie in Upper Barwałdzie - this antique wooden hermitage, probably dating from the mid-eighteenth century. It consists of two chapels of St. Rosalie and St. Mary Magdalene and the cell-hermitage. Inside are a baroque altar of Our Lady and of St. Rosalie, there are two baroque paintings of 1747 of Christmas and the Adoration of the Magi, the is also a nineteenth-century votive images related to the Passion Mysteries showing pilgrims on their pilgrimage to the sanctuary of Calvary.

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Coordinates: 49°52′N 19°38′E / 49.867°N 19.633°E / 49.867; 19.633