|Intercommunality||Thiérache du Centre|
|• Mayor (2012–2020)||Pierre-Marie Tellier|
|• Land1||7.63 km2 (2.95 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||02050 / 02170|
|Elevation||152–202 m (499–663 ft)
(avg. 166 m or 545 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barzyens or Barzyennes
Barzy-en-Thiérache is located some 40 km south by south-east of Cambrai and 40 km north-east of Saint-Quentin. The Route Nationale D1043 from Bergues-sur-Sambre to Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache passes through the southern tip of the commune but does not provide direct access. Access to the village and the commune is by road D261 running north-east from the D1043 continuing north-east as the D262. The D664 also runs north from the village to Le Rejet-du-Moulin. The eastern border of the commune is also the border between Aisne and Nord departments. There are four hamlets in the commune other than the village: La Justice, Etreux, Mon Idee, and La Haie Long Pre. The rest of the commune is entirely farmland.
In 1153 the name of the village was Villa que dicitur Baisis. It then became Barisis in 1227. The first name was given as Baisse for the neighborhood. The second name was Barri then became Barrié then Barrière. This tends to demonstrate the frontier character of the village with the Sambre running through it. The part of the village north of the Sambre was under the stewardship of the Landrecy family (County of Hainaut). The southern part of the village was under the stewardship of Laon and the lordship of Lesquielles (Thiérache-Picardy).
In 1956 the name of the commune was Barzy which then changed to Barzy-en-Thiérache.
On 7 Thermidor Year 2 (August 1794) the enemy invaded the village and there was one civilian casualty - Joseph Licking.
Towards the end of the First World War, on 5 November 1918, the advance of French and British troops was stopped in a bloodbath 500 metres from the village (25 soldiers and 2 civilians were killed). On 6 November, after a violent French bombardment, the 73rd Infantry Regiment and the 59th Algerian Riflemen liberated the commune at 5.30am and released nearly a thousand inhabitants and refugees. For these events, the village was decorated with the Croix de Guerre 1914-1918.
|The official status of the blazon remains to be determined
List of Successive Mayors of Barzy-en-Thiérache
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 306 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- A Farmhouse at Grand Rue 13 (1908)
- A House at Grand Rue 14 (19th century)
- A Farmhouse at Grand Rue 15 (1760)
- A Farmhouse at Grand Rue 26 (18th century)
- The Town Hall / School at Grand Rue 43 (1863)
- A Farmhouse at Grand Rue 6 (1880)
- The War memorial at Rue Neuve (1921) was the work of Coulon, a marble sculptor from Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache in 1920-1921. The monument mentions, in addition to the victims from the village, the participation of the Algerian Riflemen who died to liberate the commune. There is a second memorial in the cemetery with a difference of three names which could not be agreed.
The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- A Presbytery (1788)
- An Oratory at Grand Rue (1724)
- The Parish Church of the Assumption (1705). It was rebuilt in 1705 with an older choir. There is a grotto of Lourdes dating from the 20th century. The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
- Barzy-en-Thiérache on the old National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Barzy-en-Thiérache on Lion1906
- Barzy-en-Thiérache on Google Maps
- Barzy-en-Thiérache on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Barzy on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Barzy-en-Thiérache on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Aisne (French)
- Google Maps
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Death of the Mayor Jean-Pierre Canonne consulted on 8 May 2012 (French)
- Barzy-en-Thiérache: Pierre-Marie Tellier elected Mayor., L'Union, consulted on 11 June 2012 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000015 Farmhouse at Grand Rue 13 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000013 House at Grand Rue 14 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000016 Farmhouse at Grand Rue 15 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000017 Farmhouse at Grand Rue 26 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000010 Town Hall / School at Grand Rue 43 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000014 Farmhouse at Grand Rue 6 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000011 War memorial at Rue Neuve (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000019 Farmhouse at 4 CD 26 de Pinon (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000018 Farmhouse at 3 Rue de Sart (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000007 Houses and Farms (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000012 Presbytery (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000009 Oratory (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000008 Parish Church of the Assumption (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02001089 Furniture in the Church (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000786 Furniture in the Church (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000791 Ciborium (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000790 Painting: The Assumption (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000789 Statue: Virgin and child (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000788 6 Stained Glass windows (Bays 5 to 10) (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000787 4 Stained Glass windows (Bays 1 to 4) (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barzy-en-Thiérache.|