Barzy-en-Thiérache

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Barzy-en-Thiérache
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Barzy-en-Thiérache
Coat of arms
Barzy-en-Thiérache is located in France
Barzy-en-Thiérache
Barzy-en-Thiérache
Coordinates: 50°02′38″N 3°44′49″E / 50.0439°N 3.7469°E / 50.0439; 3.7469Coordinates: 50°02′38″N 3°44′49″E / 50.0439°N 3.7469°E / 50.0439; 3.7469
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Vervins
Canton Nouvion-en-Thiérache
Intercommunality Thiérache du Centre
Government
 • Mayor (2012–2020) Pierre-Marie Tellier
Area
 • Land1 7.63 km2 (2.95 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 306
 • Population2 density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02050 / 02170
Elevation 152–202 m (499–663 ft)
(avg. 166 m or 545 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Barzy-en-Thiérache is a French commune in the department of Aisne in the Picardy region of northern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barzyens or Barzyennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Barzy-en-Thiérache is located some 40 km south by south-east of Cambrai and 40 km north-east of Saint-Quentin. The Route Nationale D1043 from Bergues-sur-Sambre to Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache passes through the southern tip of the commune but does not provide direct access. Access to the village and the commune is by road D261 running north-east from the D1043 continuing north-east as the D262. The D664 also runs north from the village to Le Rejet-du-Moulin. The eastern border of the commune is also the border between Aisne and Nord departments. There are four hamlets in the commune other than the village: La Justice, Etreux, Mon Idee, and La Haie Long Pre. The rest of the commune is entirely farmland.[2]

The Sambre river runs from east to west through the commune and the village fed by the Ruisseau du Vivier Bare. The Sambre river continues west to join the Sambre–Oise Canal.[2]

Chapel next to the Sambre

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

In 1153 the name of the village was Villa que dicitur Baisis. It then became Barisis in 1227. The first name was given as Baisse for the neighborhood. The second name was Barri then became Barrié then Barrière. This tends to demonstrate the frontier character of the village with the Sambre running through it. The part of the village north of the Sambre was under the stewardship of the Landrecy family (County of Hainaut). The southern part of the village was under the stewardship of Laon and the lordship of Lesquielles (Thiérache-Picardy).

In 1956 the name of the commune was Barzy which then changed to Barzy-en-Thiérache.

On 7 Thermidor Year 2 (August 1794) the enemy invaded the village and there was one civilian casualty - Joseph Licking.

Towards the end of the First World War, on 5 November 1918, the advance of French and British troops was stopped in a bloodbath 500 metres from the village (25 soldiers and 2 civilians were killed). On 6 November, after a violent French bombardment, the 73rd Infantry Regiment and the 59th Algerian Riflemen liberated the commune at 5.30am and released nearly a thousand inhabitants and refugees. For these events, the village was decorated with the Croix de Guerre 1914-1918.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aigrefeuille d'Aunis
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined

Blazon:
Party per fesse, at 1 chevronny in Or and sable; at 2 party per pale first argent with three lions gules, second azure with three fleurs de lis of Or 2 and 1; over all debruised by a fesse wavy Vert fretty of Gules.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Barzy-en-Thiérache[3]

From To Name Party Position
1995 1997 Raymond Petit
1997 2012 Jean-Pierre Canonne[4] DVG
2012 2020 Pierre-Marie Tellier[5]

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 306 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
560 536 509 570 494 584 606 596 574
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
575 550 533 468 511 512 506 493 505
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
494 409 497 433 417 418 400 407 389
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
413 405 335 317 308 313 300 306 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Barzy-en-Thiérache

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Farmhouse at Grand Rue 13 (1908)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A House at Grand Rue 14 (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at Grand Rue 15 (1760)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Farmhouse at Grand Rue 26 (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The Town Hall / School at Grand Rue 43 (1863)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Farmhouse at Grand Rue 6 (1880)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • The War memorial at Rue Neuve (1921)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12] was the work of Coulon, a marble sculptor from Le Nouvion-en-Thiérache in 1920-1921. The monument mentions, in addition to the victims from the village, the participation of the Algerian Riflemen who died to liberate the commune. There is a second memorial in the cemetery with a difference of three names which could not be agreed.
  • A Farmhouse at 4 CD 26 de Pinon (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Farmhouse at 3 Rue de Sart (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • Houses and Farms (17th-20th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Presbytery (1788)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • An Oratory at Grand Rue (1724)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Parish Church of the Assumption (1705).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18] It was rebuilt in 1705 with an older choir. There is a grotto of Lourdes dating from the 20th century. The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aisne (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Death of the Mayor Jean-Pierre Canonne consulted on 8 May 2012 (French)
  5. ^ Barzy-en-Thiérache: Pierre-Marie Tellier elected Mayor., L'Union, consulted on 11 June 2012 (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000015 Farmhouse at Grand Rue 13 (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000013 House at Grand Rue 14 (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000016 Farmhouse at Grand Rue 15 (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000017 Farmhouse at Grand Rue 26 (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000010 Town Hall / School at Grand Rue 43 (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000014 Farmhouse at Grand Rue 6 (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000011 War memorial at Rue Neuve (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000019 Farmhouse at 4 CD 26 de Pinon (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000018 Farmhouse at 3 Rue de Sart (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000007 Houses and Farms (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000012 Presbytery (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000009 Oratory (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA02000008 Parish Church of the Assumption (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02001089 Furniture in the Church (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000786 Furniture in the Church (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000791 Ciborium (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000790 Painting: The Assumption (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000789 Statue: Virgin and child (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000788 6 Stained Glass windows (Bays 5 to 10) (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM02000787 4 Stained Glass windows (Bays 1 to 4) (French)