Basaa language

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For a Kru language spoken in Liberia and Sierra Leone, see Bassa language. For a Kainji language spoken in Nigeria, see Basa language.
Basaa
Mbene
ɓasaá
Native to Cameroon
Region Centre and Littoral Provinces
Native speakers
unknown (230,000 cited 1982)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-2 bas
ISO 639-3 bas
A.43a[2]
Glottolog basa1284[3]
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Basaa (also spelled Bassa, Basa, Bissa), or Mbene, is a Bantu language spoken in Cameroon. It is spoken by about 230,000 people in Centre and Littoral provinces.

Maho (2009) lists North and South Kogo as dialects.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Front Back
Close i, iː u, uː
Close-mid e, eː o, oː
Open-mid ɛ, ɛː ɔ, ɔː
Open a, aː

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Coronal Palatal Velar Labial-velar
Stop p t c, ɟ k kʷ, ɡʷ
Implosive ɓ
Fricative s x
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ ŋʷ
Prenasalized stop ᵐb ⁿd ᶮɟ ᵑɡ
Lateral l
Approximant j w
  • When not root-initial and not after a pause, the voiceless stops /p t k/ are realized as voiced stops or voiced fricatives.

Tone[edit]

Basaa contrasts four tones: high, low, high-to-low (falling) and low-to-high (rising).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Basaa at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Basa (Cameroon)". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Hyman, Larry M. (2003). "Basaá (A.43)". In Nurse, Derek and Philippson, Gérard (ed.). The Bantu Languages. Routledge. pp. 257–282. ISBN 0-7007-1134-1.