A Jain temple is the place of worship for Jains, the followers of Jainism, Derasar is a word used for a Jain temple in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Basadi is a Jain shrine or temple. The word is generally used in South India, including Maharashtra. Its historical use in North is preserved in the names of the Vimala Vasahi and Luna Vasahi temples of Mount Abu. The Sanskrit word is vasati, it implies an institution including residences of scholars attached to the shrine.
In other parts of India, the term Jain mandir is used for all Jain temples.
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Jain temples are built with various architectural designs. Jain temples in North India are completely different from the Jain temples in South India, which in turn are quite different from Jain temples in West India. There are two type of Jain temples:
- Shikar-bandhi Jain temple(one with the dome) and
- Ghar Jain temple (Home Temple without dome).
All shikar-bandhi Jain temples have many marble pillars which are carved beautifully with Demi god posture. There is always a main deity also known as mulnayak in each derasar. The main part of Jain temple is called "Gambhara" (Garbha Graha) in which there is the stone carved God idol. One is not supposed to enter the Gambhara without taking a bath and without wearing puja (worship) clothes.
A Jain temple which is 100 years old is called a Tirtha.
The main deity of a Jain temple is known as a mula nayak.
A Manastambha (column of honor) is a pillar that is often constructed in front of Jain temples.
There are some guidelines to follow when one is visiting a Jain temple:
- Before entering the temple, one should bathe and wear fresh washed clothes - wearing which one has neither eaten anything nor visited the washroom. However, drinking of water is permitted.
- One should not take any footwear inside temple. Leather items like belt, purse etc. are not allowed inside the temple premises.
- One should not be chewing any eatables (food, gum, mints, etc.), and no eatables should be stuck in the mouth.
- One should try to keep as much as silence possible inside temple.
- Mobile phones should not be used in the temple. One should keep them switched off
Prevailing traditional customs should be followed regarding worshipping at the temple and touching an idol. They can very depending on the region and the specific sect.
Ellora Jain cave basadi
The Jain Centre, Oxford Street, Leicester
Karandai Jain Temple, Tamil Nadu
Thirupanamur Jain Temple, Tamil Nadu
Conversion to Hindu temples
There are numerous temple in India, which were originally Jain temples, but were converted to Hindu temples later, mainly by Adi_Shankara. Some examples are Kedarnath, Badrinath, Jagannath Puri. Main idol are fully covered with flowers to hide real identity. No Historian can ever claim that there was any god by name Lord Venkateshwara. Retired Senior director of ASI (Archaeological_Survey_of_India) said that ASI has unpublished researched facts which clearly stateS, that every old temple in south india is a jain temple, presently known with different identity created by brahmins. Archaeological Senior officers (who chose not to comment much due to political dominance ) firmly believe that dravid people (native people) were followers of Ahimsa, who were not fighters like aryans, who stole original dravid heritage after invading India around 3500 years ago. Converted temples in South India are - 1) Madurai Meenakshi temple 2) Kanchipuram kamakshi temple (Kanchipuram has more than 100 temples) 3) Varadaperumal temple ( kanchipuram) 4) Thiruvanmalai Arunachalam temple 5) Mylapore kapaliswara temple 6) Nagaraja temple nagercoil 7) Thirumala Balaji temple, ( total resemblance to thirumalai jain temple in Arni district)
The real idol at the Badrinath temple, is covered with flowers to hide its identity. Also the presence of charan (Footprints), which are only present in Jain temples, and no hindu temple is also a significant evidence.
- Babb, Lawrence, A (1996). Absent lord: ascetics and kings in a Jain ritual culture. Published University of California Press. p. 66.
- "Basadi". Retrieved 2007-01-26.
- "Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent - Glossary". Retrieved 2007-01-08.
- Jain temples in India and around the world,Laxmi Mall Singhvi, Tarun Chopra, Himalayan Books, 2002
- Jaina Iconography, Volume 1 of Jaina-rūpa-maṇḍana, Umakant Premanand Shah, Abhinav Publications, 1987,p. 149
- CultureShock! India: A Survival Guide to Customs and Etiquette, Gitanjali Kolanad, Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd, 2008 p. 45
- 2 idols stolen from Basadi
- Jain basadi to be renovated
- Basadi at Moodabidri
- Mysore basadi
- Jaim basadi
- An ancient site connected with Jainism
- Touch of wonder to pilgrimage
- The Jain Legacy In Karnataka
- Karnataka’s hotbed of Jain religion
- Derasar and Dargah coexist in Gandhi's Gujarat
- Jaina Architecture in India, Comprehensive study of Jain architecture with high quality photos.
- Photos of Mulnayak in Jain Temples
- List of jain temples and tirths in India