Basanti (community development block)

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Basanti (CD Block)
বাসন্তী সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Basanti (CD Block) is located in West Bengal
Basanti (CD Block)
Basanti (CD Block)
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 22°12′46″N 88°41′11″E / 22.21278°N 88.68639°E / 22.21278; 88.68639
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Parliamentary constituency Jaynagar
Assembly constituency Basanti, Gosaba
Area
 • Total 110.44 sq mi (286.03 km2)
Population (2001)
 • Total 278,543
 • Density 2,520/sq mi (974/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
Literacy Rate 56.98 per cent
Website http://s24pgs.gov.in/

Basanti (community development block) is an administrative division in Canning subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Basanti police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Sonakhali.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Sonakhali is located at 22°12′46″N 88°41′11″E / 22.2127090°N 88.6863710°E / 22.2127090; 88.6863710.

Basanti community development block has an area of 286.03  km2.[2]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Basanti block/panchayat samiti are: Amjhara, Basanti, Bharatgarh, Charavidya, Chunakhali, Jharkhali, Jyotishpur, Kanthalberia, Masjidbati, Nafarganj, Phulmalancha, Ramchandrakhali and Uttar Mokam Baria.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Basanti block had a total population of 278,543, out of which 142,487 were males and 136,056 were females. Basanti block registered a population growth of 22.72 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[4]

Scheduled castes at 112,246 formed more than one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 21,020.[5]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Basanti block had a total literacy of 56.98 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 68.95 per cent female literacy was 44.33 per cent. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45 per cent, male literacy being 79.19 per cent and female literacy being 59.01 per cent.[6]

Health[edit]

Certain areas of South 24 Parganas district has been identified where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[7]High levels of arsenic in ground water were found in twelve blocks of the district. Water samples collected from tubewells in the affected places contained arsenic above the normal level (10 microgram a litre as specified by the World Health Organisation). The affected blocks are Baruipur, Bhangar I, Bhangar II, Bishnupur I, Bishnupur II, Basanti, Budge Budge, Canning I, Canning II, Sonarpur, Mograhat II and Joynagar.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". South 24 Parganas district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, South Twentyfour Parganas District (18)". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  3. ^ "No. 229 (Sanction)-PN/P/II/1G-5/2005(Pt.II) dated 02.02.09". Annexure A of 322 (Sanction)-RD/CCA/BRGF/IC-02/08; Date: 27.03.2009 – Statement of Release of Development Grant under BRGF. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  4. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  5. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  6. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, South Twentyfour Parganas District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  7. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  8. ^ "High arsenic levels in South". The Statesman, 24 June 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2011-09-28.