Basarabi Cave Complex
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Basarabi Cave Complex or Murfatlar Cave Complex is a medieval Christian monastery located near the town of Murfatlar (named Basarabi between 1924–1965 and 1980–2007), Constanţa County, Dobrogea, Romania.
In 1957, a complex of cells-dwellings, small churches, crypts and tombs, used from the 9th until 11th century, was discovered in caves carved into a chalk hill. At that time the territory was under control of the Byzantine Empire and the First Bulgarian Empire. After the fall of this Bulgarian dynasty, the place was abandoned.
There are many inscriptions graved on the walls in Old Slavic Glagolitic and Cyrillic, some in Greek alphabet some in Turkic runes and some in Romanian. The language of the Slavic texts is Old Bulgarian. The language of the Turkic runes is Proto-Bulgarian, as suggested by Bulgarian scholars[who?], or Turanic, as implied by Romanian scholars[who?]. In fact that may be the same, because the Proto-Bulgarian language most probably is a mix of Turanic and Aryan origin. Some Romanian scholars[who?] questioned the Latin origin of the names such as "Petre" found in the cave. Petre it is a classic Romanian name. It is a derivative from the Greek πέτρα and of the name of Saint Peter, which is a widespread Christian name. Others[who?] even look to the possibility of Nordic "Rainpilpe" of inscriptions. Among the drawings on the walls they[who?] see the representations of Viking ships (because the land of Dobrogea was most likely on the trading route between the Vikings' lands and Constantinople). Still, Rainpilpe is not of a known Northern origin, and the low hull banana-shaped keel of the so-called Viking ship resembles also Mediterranean patterns.
- Dr. Constatin Chera, Basarabi - The Cave Churches Complex, accessed on July 6, 2011
- A complete monograph, including photos, layouts, detailed descriptions, explanatory texts, and a video, of the entire Basarabi Complex - in Romanian, but photos are useful - at the Romanian Group for an Alternative History Website Patzinakia
- Basarabi - The Cave Churches Complex
- The Rupestral Complex of Basarabi (in Romanian)
- General Overview of the Inscriptions from Murfatlar (in English)
- The cave monuments (the quarry and the monastic complex) from Basarabi, Constanta County
- Съчетанията от графична рисунка и рунообразен надпис в Равна и Мурфатлар. – Културните текстове на миналото, Рашо Рашев, Кн. III. София, 2005, с. 140-148. (in Bulgarian)
- За четенето на един рунически надпис от Мурфатлар – Северна Добруджа, Иван Т. Иванов М. Минкова, Националeн исторически институт с музей при БAН, София 2009. с. 297 - 299 (in Bulgarian, English summary)
- Надписи из Мурфатлара,Д-р Живко Войников (in Russian)
- Popkonstantinov, Kazimir 1986: Die Inschriften des Felsklosters Murfatlar. Die Slawischen Sprachen 10, 1986, 77-106.(in Deutsch)