Basarabia (newspaper)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Basarabia
Type newspaper
Founded 1906
Language Romanian
Ceased publication 1907
Headquarters Chişinău
Sister newspapers Viaţa Basarabiei

Basarabia was the first Romanian language newspaper to be published in Bessarabian guberniya of the Russian Empire in 1906-1907.

History[edit]

In May 1931 the founders and employees of Basarabia celebrated 25 years since the launch

It was written with the Romanian Cyrillic alphabet and published twice weekly. Labeling itself a "national-democratic gazzette", the newspaper asked within its articles for land reform, autonomy and self-government for Bessarabia and the usage of Moldovan in schools and administration. It published articles by Constantin Stere, Ion Inculeţ, Ion Pelivan, Alexei Mateevici, and Pan Halippa.[1]

On March 1, 1907, the newspaper published the Romanian patriotic song "Deşteaptă-te, române!" ("Awaken thee, Romanian!"), which prompted the governor, Alexei Kharuzin, to order its closure. The Russian noble families and the Russian Orthodox Church began a campaign of purging Romanian nationalists from the church and cultural institutions. Many of the supporters of the newspaper were forced to flee to Iaşi, in Romania, where Stere helped them to become students at University of Iaşi.[1]

A more moderate attempt to continue Basarabia's work began in 1907, a publication named Viaţa Basarabiei led by Alexis Nour, written in two versions: with Romanian Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, but after just six issues (April 22 - May 25, 1907), it also ceased its publication.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c *Charles King, The Moldovans: Romania, Russia, and the Politics of Culture, 2000, Hoover Institution Press. ISBN 0-8179-9791-1, p.29
  2. ^ (Romanian) Mircea Rusnac, Renaşterea cultural-naţională a Basarabiei în perioada Ţaristă