The Basava Purana is a 13th-century Teluguepic poem. It was written by Palkuriki Somanatha. It is a sacred text of Lingayat. The epic poem narrates the life story of philosopher and social reformer Basava (1134–1196 CE), the founder of Lingayatism. He is also known by several other names such as Basavanna, Basaweshwara, Basavesha, and Basavaraja. It is also an anthology of several Lingayat saints (also known as Shiva Sharanas, devotees of Lord Shiva) and their philosophies. In contrast to Brahminical campu style (poems in verse of various metres interspersed with paragraphs of prose), Somanatha adopted the desi (native) style and composed the purana in dwipada (couplets), a meter popular in oral tradition and closely related to folk songs.
Later in 1369 A.D., it was translated to Kannada language by Bhima Kavi, this version contains detailed description and in time was considered his standard biography.There are several Kannada and Sanskrit Lingayath puranas inspired by Bhima Kavi's Basava Purana.
This Telugu purana was first translated into English by C.P. Brown, a British administrator in colonial south India, in 1863.