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Basavanagudi is a residential and commercial locality in the Indian city of Bangalore. The residential area is located in South Bangalore and borders Jayanagar. The name "Basavanagudi" refers to the Bull Temple that is located here. It is a monolith statue of the Nandi Bull. Basava in Kannada, the local language, means Bull and Gudi means temple. Hence, the name Basavanagudi.
The City of Bangalore has been growing at a rapid pace on all fronts. It was Kempegowda who was responsible for building the modern city of Bangalore (c1537), erecting a mud fort here to the north of the now existing fort which covered the area of Avenue Road and its surroundings. This he is said to have done at the instructions of Emperor Achutaraya and it is he who raised the Basavanagudi(temple) and expanded the Gavigangadhara and Someshwara temples. He is also credited with the construction of the Sampangi tank, the Kempambudhi and the Dharmambudhi tanks in Bangalore.
New extensions were added to the old town by creating Chamarajapet and Sheshadripuram in 1892, the former named after Chamarajendra Wodeyar and the later after Dewan Sheshadri Iyer. The Tata Silk Farm founded in 1896 near the Nagasandra and Yediyur villages became the nucleus of a future extensions of the city.
Two new bigger extensions, Basavanagudi (named after the Basaveshwara Temple or the Bull Temple in the Sunkenahalli village) and Malleshwaram (named after the Kadu Malleshwara Temple in the old Mallapura village) came up in 1898 to decongest the old Pete area as well as the cantonment area after the outbreak of Plague. The plannig for this Basavanagudi layout was from a British town planner by name Standish Lee. A Road is named after this town planner at Fraser Town. The area of this new extension was 400 acres. The broad roads and huge circles designed by Standish Lee is distinctly unique to Bangalore.
The famous Gandhi Bazaar of Basavanagudi is the remnant of the erstwhile Karanji tank.
National High School was founded in the area in 1907.
Basavanagudi is one of the oldest areas in Bangalore.It was predominantly inhabited by Kannadigas or natives a few decades ago. It was previously known as Sunkenahalli.It reminds one of the Bangalore of yore, with wide tree lined avenues dotted with houses. Commercialisation has taken a toll in this area with excessive tree felling due to the Metro line as well as the National College flyover and Tagore Circle underpass. This area is the cultural capital of Bangalore with predominant Kannadiga population and lot of festivities. It had very old traditional houses and is known for shooting Kannada television soap operas. Some well known religious places are the Bull temple, Ramakrishna Ashrama, Uttaradhi Matta and Shankara Matta.
Every year two day fair of peanuts is held near dodda ganapathi temple of Basavanagudi calle Kadlekai Parishe which translates to Groundnut Fair. Lot of different kinds of groundnuts are exhibited and sold during this time.
Many scholars, writers and musicians lived and living in this area. One of the roads in Basavanagudi is named after great writer and philosopher of Karnataka D.V.Gundappa called DVG Road. This road is the commercial center of Basavanagudi. On the northern periphery is the Bull (Basava) Temple.
There are a lot of heritage buildings in this area like the Basavanagudi Police Station, East West school, SSVM school, the old Home school,National college, Mudaliar mansion, M.N.Krishna Rao's house, etc. Greed and rapid commercialization has led to the demolition of some of the heritage buildings in this area.
Areas under Basavanagudi
- Visveswarapuram(VV Puram)- Area with a huge Arya Vysya population. Famous for the Food Street, which is the place to go in Bangalore for street food.
- Shankarapuram- Named after the Sringeri Mutt located here
- Narasimharaja Colony(NR Colony)A residential Locality Named after Narasimharaja Wodayar - King of Mysore
- Thyagarajanagar- refer Thyagarajanagar
- Nagasandra(Tata Silk Farm)
- Mavalli-The famous Lalbagh is located here
- Gavipuram- Famous for the Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple
- Mohammadan Block (Famous for Jamia Masjid-e-Islamabad)
||Kempe Gowda Nagar||Chamarajapet||Kalasipalya / Shanthinagar|
|Gavipuram / Hanumanthanagar||Lalbagh|
|N.R. Colony / Thyagarajanagar||Yediyur||Jayanagar|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Basavanagudi.|
- "Celebration of life in Basavanagudi". Hindu. June 24, 2005.
- Ground nut festival| Basava Festival | Kadlekai Parishe