Basel Badischer Bahnhof

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Coordinates: 47°34′5″N 7°36′23″E / 47.56806°N 7.60639°E / 47.56806; 7.60639

Basel Bad Bf
Operations
Type Bf
DS100 code RB
Construction and location
Location Basel
State Basel-Stadt
operation as if in Baden-Württemberg
Country Switzerland
Schwarzwaldallee 200
CH-4016 Basel
Route information

Basel Badischer Bahnhof is a railway station situated in the Swiss city of Basel. The station is situated on Swiss soil, but the station is operated by the German railway company Deutsche Bahn. A customs border is situated in the passenger tunnel between the tracks and the station hall. It is the only railway station that is operated as part of the German national rail network yet not located within Germany's state boundaries, and it is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[1] The station is served by line S 6 of the Basel S-Bahn, which goes into Germany.

The station is one of two large railway stations in Basel, the other being Basel SBB, which is operated by the Swiss federal railways.

History[edit]

In March 1838, the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railways started working on a railway line from Mannheim via Heidelberg, Karlsruhe and Freiburg im Breisgau. This line was called Badische Hauptbahn or Rheintalbahn. A Swiss railway commission desired a continuation of the line into Basel and contacted the state of Baden in 1842.

In January 1851, the Rheintalbahn line reached the village of Haltingen, close to the Swiss border. Since the two governments had not agreed about how to build the station in Basel yet, the passengers were transported across the border with hackney carriages.

Finally, on July 27, 1852, a treaty became effective between the government of Baden and the Swiss Confederation. This treaty is still effective today. The start of construction was further delayed, however, by the Swiss insisting on a terminal station and the Badische Staatseisenbahnen insisting on a through station so as not to hinder the planned extension toward Waldshut.

The line from Haltingen to Basel was opened on February 19, 1855 with a temporary wooden station building. A further line to Konstanz in Baden was connected to the station in 1856, and by April 10, 1859 Switzerland and Baden had finally agreed to build a permanent station, of which the construction started in May.

The station was moved to its current location between 1906 and 1913.

Special situation[edit]

Basel Badischer Bahnhof

The Badischer Bahnhof is located on Swiss territory, but due to the 1852 treaty between the Swiss Confederation and the state of Baden (one of the predecessors of today's Germany), the largest part of it (the platforms and the parts of the passenger tunnel that lead to the German/Swiss checkpoint) is treated as an inner-German station and is operated by the Deutsche Bahn. The shops in the station hall, however, are located in Switzerland, and the Swiss franc is used as the official currency there (although the euro is universally accepted).

The customs controls are located in a tunnel between the platforms and the station hall; international trains which continue to Basel SBB usually have on-board border controls. Passport controls were abolished when Switzerland joined the Schengen Area in 2008.

Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus RE
toward Singen
Terminus RE
toward Ulm Hbf
Terminus RB
toward Lauchringen
Preceding station   Swiss Federal Railways   Following station
Basel SBB   S-Bahn Riehen Niederholz
toward Zell im Wiesental

Footnotes[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Basel Badischer Bahnhof at Wikimedia Commons