Baselios Augen I
Baselios Augen I
Catholicos of the East & Malankara Metropolitan
|Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church|
|See||Apostolic See of St. Thomas in the East|
|Predecessor||Baselios Geevarghese II|
|Successor||Baselios Mar Thoma Mathews I|
|Consecration||May 22, 1964|
Perumbavoor, Kerala, India
|Died||Dec 3, 1975
Kottayam, Kerala, India
|Buried||Catholicate Palace, Devalokam, Kottayam, Kerala, India|
Catholicos Baselios Augen I (26 June 1884 - 8 December 1975) was the fourth Indian prelate to become Catholicose of the East and 17th Malankara Metropolitan of the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church.
- 1 Early days and Education
- 2 Catholicos of the East and Malankara Metropolitan (1964-1975)
- 3 Syriac scholarship
- 4 Retirement and Demise
- 5 For Further Reading
- 6 See Also
- 7 References
Early days and Education
The future Catholicos was born on 26 June 1884 at Perumbavoor, Vengola, Ernakulam district of the Indian state of Kerala to Rev. Fr. Abraham Malpan of Chettamkulangara family and Annamma. His Father was a scholar of Syriac language. When he was baptized by Metropolitan Paulos Mar Ivanios, he was named Mathai by the Metropolitan. Mar Ivanios was the Syriac teacher and mentor of his father. Young Mathai had his primary education at Puthencruz while staying at the home of his mother's family. At a very young age, he had accepted the discipleship of Malankara Malpan (Teacher of the Church) V. Rev. Mathen Cor-Episcopa of Konatt and had his theological education from Pampakuda Seminary. He was ordained as sub-deacon by Kadavil Paulose Mar Athanasius Metropolitan. Dn. Mathai joined M.D. Seminary School, Kottayam and learned English language.
In the Middle East
In those days, Dn. Mathai met Dn. Sleeba from Syria (later Sleeba Mar Osthathios Metropolitan). Together they visited almost every Church in Malankara. Dn. Mathai used to translate the Syriac speeches of Dn. Sleeba. Owing to his great love for Syriac language, Dn. Mathai left for Syria with Dn. Sleeba in 1905 and was ordained Deacon at Mar Mathai Dayaro (St. Mathew's Monastery) in Assyria. During his stay at the oldest monastery of Mar Augen in Thurabdeen, Dn. Mathai decided to accept the name Augen. He stayed for a few days with the senior Patriarch of Antioch Ignatius Abdul Masih II at the monastery of Mar Abraham in Thurabdeen. Then he travelled to Mardeen and reached Kurkuma Dayara where he stayed for about nine months and studied several rare books in Syriac. In 1908 he was elevated to the monastic order of Ramban by Patriarch Ignatius Abdulla at St. Mark's Syrian Orthodox Monastery in Jerusalem.
While staying at Thurabdeen, Augen Ramban gave much thought to the affairs and future of Malankara Church and held correspondence with some of the leaders in Malankara. Very few people are aware of the decisive role played by Augen Ramban in the establishment of the Catholicate of the East in Malankara. He provided the true information about the deposed yet legitimate Patriarch Ignatius Abdul Masih II who was peace-loving, zealous and pious.
Return to India and Ordination
On his return to Malankara, Dn. Augen Ramban was ordained to priesthood by Metropolitan Sleeba Mar Osthathios at Kottayam Cheriya Palli (an ancient Church in Kottayam). In 1909, Fr. Augen Ramban accompanied Patriarch Abdulla and Metropolitan Mar Osthathios to the Churches they visited, to translate their speeches. He was impartial in the factional disputes in the Malankara Church. When Patriarch Ignatius Abdul Masih II arrived in Malankara in 1912, Fr. Augen visited him at St. Mary's Church, Niranam and held an audience with the Patriarch. There he also ateended the enthronement ceremony of Metropolitan Paulos Mar Ivanios as the Catholicos of the East Baselios Paulos I. Later he left for Madras to serve the faithful and conduct Holy Mass there.
He was consecrated as Metropolitan by name Mor Thimotheos on 15 May 1927 at Jerusalem by the Patriarch of Antioch and all the East, Ignatius Elias III. Patriarch appointed him as the fourth Metropolitan of Kandanad for the faction favoring the Patriarch.
In late 1930s he left that faction and joined the mainstream faction of Malankara Church which submitted to the authority of the Catholicos of the East. He later became the Principal of the Orthodox Theological Seminary (Old Seminary), Kottayam and also held charges of the Kandanad and Thumpamon dioceses.
Catholicos of the East and Malankara Metropolitan (1964-1975)
After the Supreme court order in 1958 which ended the half-a-century long litigations, the two factions of Malankara Church re-united.
When the re-unified Malankara Association met at Niranam on 17 May 1962, Augen Mor Thimotheos was elected as the successor-designate to the Catholicos of the East Baselios Geevarghese II. Following the demise of H. H. Geevarghese II, Mar Thimotheos took charge as the Malankara Metropolitan. On 22 May 1964, Mar Thimotheos was installed formally as Catholicos Baselios Augen I by the visiting Patriarch of Antioch Ignatius Ya`qub III who had arrived in response to the invitation of the Malankara Synod. The ceremony was held at M.D. Seminary Chapel, Kottayam.
In his speech during the enthronement, the Patriarch told the multitude gathered to witness the occasion:
|“||You must conserve the peace established in Malankara very firmly. That would be your precious present for me. Moreover you must lead a holy spiritual life. There will not be any use to the Church or for anybody to talk about or make quarrel on the basis of the rifts which existed in the Malankara Church. If somebody is trying to create problems based on the previous unpleasant events, they will have the fate of the wife of Lot.||”|
The entire Church moved towards emotional and spiritual unity. On 20 November 1964, it was decided to consecrate a few more Bishops, considering the progress of the Church.
Visit of Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI used to visit the Heads of Churches of each country he visited. On his visit to India to attend the Eucharistic Congress in Bombay, the Pope expressed his wish to exchange greetings with the Supreme Head of the Indian Orthodox Church, H. H. Augen I Catholicos. Owing to his tight schedule, the Pope was unable to travel from Bombay to Kereala and requesed the Catholicos whether it would be convenient for the Catholicos to visit him at Bombay. H. H. Augen I responded positively and the meeting took place on 3 December 1964 at 9.00 am. During the meeting in a specially arranged room in the Palace of the Catholic Archbishop of Bombay, only Fr. K. Philipose (later Dr. Philipose Mar Theophilos Metropolitan) and the Archbishop Valarian Gracious were present. The embrace of East and West was a thrilling experience for the two dignitaries who witnessed the meeting. After embracing each other, the primates seated themselves on a couch and exchanged fraternal greetings. The Catholicos informed that his trip to Bombay was with the sole purpose of meeting the Pope. The Pope invited the Catholicos to visit Rome as his guest. The Pope also expressed his desire to visit Kerala and meet the ancient Christian community there. Fr. K. Philipose read out the 433-worded message of H. H. Augen I to H. H. Paul VI and submitted it to the Pope. The Pope himself read out the reply which comprised 470 words. In this message, the Pope said that he enjoyed the fact that India was lucky enough to listen to the Gospel at the same time as Europe.
Addis Ababa Conference
In January 1965, H. H. Augen I attended the Synod of Eastern Oriental Orthodox Churches at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Synod was convened by the Emperor of Ethiopia His Highness Haile Selassie. Along with the other Oriental Orthodox Primates, the Patriarch of Antioch H. H. Ya'qub III was also present on the occasion. The Catholicos was accompanied by the Secretary of Malankara Episcopal Synod H. G. Daniel Mar Philexinos, Fr. T. C. Jacob, Fr. Dr. V. C. Samuel and Fr. Dr. K. C. Joseph. The late Catholicos H. H. Geevarghese II had expressed the desire for convening such a conference for the first time.
The aged Catholicos Augen I (81 years old then) gained paramount respect, reverence and love from the Emperor as well as other attendees at the Synod. The conference began on 15 January. Patriarch H. H. Ya'qub II, Armenian Supreme Catholicos H. H. Vazken I, Catholicos H. H. Augen I, Catholicos of Cilicia H. H. Khoren and Patriarch H. H. Abune Theophilos of Ethiopia were seated on both sides of the Emperor on the dais. The emperor inaugurated the function. From 18 January onwards, several important decisions were taken at the Conference with regard to Orthodoxy.
On 25 January, H. H. Augen I along with the Indian delegation reached Cairo as the guests of the Coptic Orthodox Church and visited the important Churches and places there. Two days later, they went to Jerusalem. Thus the aged Catholicos got another chance to visit the Holy Land. After visiting Beirut and Antelias ( the seat of the Catholicos of Cilicia), the party reached Damascus on 3 February. The Patriarch Ignatius Ya'qub III gave a warm reception to the Catholicos and the members of the Indian delegation. After holding friendly dialogue with the Patriarch, the Catholicos visited Homs, Aleppo, Hesakka, Derik and Mosul.
The Relics of Apostle St. Thomas
At Mosul, the Patriarch H. H. Ya'qub III and Metropolitan Mar Severios Zakka received the party and took them to the Headquarters of the Mosul Metropolitan as a procession.When renovation works for a wall of the Church at Mosul (named after Apostle St. Thomas) was carried out, the Holy relics of Apostle St. Thomas were regained. The relics were kept safely in a marble box with and old Estrangela inscription which said that it contained the Holy relics of the founder of the Indian Church. The Patriarch considered the relics as a suitable present to the Indian Church signifying the re-established peace in the Church, and a witness of the Apostle's evangelisation in India. H. H. Augen I celebrated the Divine Liturgy at that Church. Amidst the Divine Liturgy, the Patriarch placed the Holy Relics with much honor and reverence on a specially decorated place in the Chancel. After offering incense with special prayers, the Patriarch presented the Relics to the Catholiocs Augen I, who received it with great respect and expressed deep gratitude to the Patriarch and Metropolitan Mar Severios Zakka for their kind gesture.After a grand procession, the Divine Liturgy was concluded.
After completing these fraternal visits, the Catholicos and the delegation visited Baghdad, Basra, Bahrain, Qatar and the Malankara Orthodox Congregations there, and then returned to India. The Holy Relic of St. Thomas is kept at the Catholicate Palace, Devalokam, Kottayam.
Consecrations and Important Declarations
By the end of March 1966, H. H. Augen declared Mar Elia Chapel, Kottayam as the official Thronal Cathedral of the Catholicos of the East.
On 24 August 1966, H. H. Augen I elevated Yuhanon Mar Severios, Thomas Mar Thimotheos and Dr. Philipose Mar Theophilos as Metropolitans at Kolencherry St. Peter's & St. Paul's Church. These newly consecrated Metropolitans were appointed to lead the Dioceses of Cochin, Malabar and Angamaly respectively.
By early 1970's ,there was a second rift in the Church and the two factions re-emerged, with Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church remaining steadfast in support of the Catholicos, while the Jacobite Syrian Christian Church accepted the authority of the Patriarch of Antioch. This schism resulted in a vertical split after which H. H. Baselios Augen I continued as the Catholicos of the East of one section of the church, namely Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church approving his authority, whereas the Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church elected Mor Philoxenos of Kandanad as Baselios Paulose II and installed him as the rival Catholicos defying the decision of the Unified Malankara Church (prior to the split) which selected in 1970 Mathews Mar Athanasius (Baselios Mar Thoma Mathews I) as the successor-designate to the Catholicos.
Having stayed at the various Syrian Orthodox monasteries in Turkey and Syria, he came in contact with various Syriac scholars which helped him to master the Syriac Church language. With his mastery of the Malayalam, Sanskrit and Syriac languages, he composed the 'Pemkisa (Fenqitho) Namaskaram' in Syriac for the feasts of St.Mary and St.Gregorios of Parumala and translated them into Malayalam. His major translations from Syriac are 'Prumiyonukal', ' Valiya Nombilae Namaskaram', 'Pattamkoda Shushrusha Kramangal' and 'Pallikoodasha Kramangal'. He also composed the 'Hoothomo' for 'Holy Synods' and the 'State after death'.
Retirement and Demise
Due to ill health from old age, Mar Baselios Augen I relinquished the Throne on 24 September 1975 and Mar Athanasius was installed on the Apostolic Throne of St. Thomas as Baselios Mar Thoma Mathews I.
H. H. Moran Mar Baselios Geevarghese I
|Catholicos of the East and Malankara Metropolitan
H. H. Moran Mar Baselios Mar Thoma Mathews I
For Further Reading
- H.H. BASELIOS AUGEN I FOURTH CATHOLICOSE [1964-1975 By EDITOR DR. RAJAN MATHEW, PHILADELPHIA]
- K. V. Mammen Kottackal & Jose Kurien Puliyeril; Mar Augen Catholicos, the Strong Prelate Behind the Catholicate (Biography in English); Kottackal Publishers, published May 1976.
- K. V. Mammen Kottackal; MAR AUGEN BAVA The Guard of Catholicate (മാർ ഔഗേൻ ബാവാ, കാതോലിക്കേറ്റിന്റെ കാവൽഭടൻ - Biography in Malayalam); Kottackal Publishers, Manganam, Kottayam; Third Impression : Dec. 8, 2000. [pdf - http://www.malankaraorthodoxtv.in/Books/Biography%20of%20Augen%20Bava.pdf]
- malankaraorthodoxchurch.in - HH Baselios Augen I
- Photos of Catholicos of the East Baselios Augen I - oldphotos.marthoman.tv
- Dedicated portal on Addis Ababa Conference, powered by the Orthodoxy Cognate PAGE
- K. V. Mammen Kottackal & Jose Kurien Puliyeril; Mar Augen Catholicos, the Strong Prelate Behind the Catholicate; published May 1976