Basic Resident Registers Network
The Basic Resident Registers Network (住民基本台帳ネットワーク Jūmin kihon daichō nettowāku?) or Juki Net (住基ネット Jūki netto?) is a national registry of Japanese citizens. It was ruled constitutional by the Supreme Court of Japan on March 6, 2008 amidst strong opposition.
The registry contains the following information for each citizen:
- Date of birth,
- An 11-digit individual number,
- Any modification of the previous fields over time.
The initial phase of the network started on August 5, 2002, which implemented, literally, Three statutes for online government and local government executive procedure on June 7, 2003, and full operation on August 25, 2003. The network is run by the Local Authorities Systems Development Center, a government-backed IT provider in Tokyo.
Some fear misuse of the data or data spill. Some consider it a violation of their privacy. Many suits have been filed by cities or citizens who would not want to be registered, some were successful and some were not.