||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2009)|
Basil Wolverton at his drawing board, c. 1950
July 9, 1909|
Central Point, Oregon
|Died||December 31, 1978
|Area(s)||Cartoonist, Writer, Penciller, Inker, Letterer|
|Awards||Jack Kirby Hall of Fame|
Basil Wolverton (July 9, 1909 – December 31, 1978) was an American cartoonist, illustrator, comic book writer-artist, and professed "Producer of Preposterous Pictures of Peculiar People who Prowl this Perplexing Planet" whose many publishers included Marvel Comics and Mad.
His drawings have elicited a wide range of reactions. Cartoonist Will Elder said he found Wolverton's technique "outrageously inventive, defying every conventional standard yet upholding a very unusual sense of humor. He was a refreshing original," while Jules Feiffer stated, "I don't like his work. I think it's ugly".
He was posthumously inducted into the comic book industry's Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1991.
Early life and career
Born in Central Point, Oregon, he later moved to Vancouver, Washington, and worked as a vaudeville performer and a cartoonist and reporter for the Portland News. At age 16 he sold his first nationally published work and began pitching comic strips to newspaper syndicates. His comic strip, Marco of Mars, was accepted by the Independent Syndicate of New York in 1929 but never distributed because it was deemed too similar to Buck Rogers, which debuted that year.
Disk-Eyes the Detective and Spacehawks were published in 1938 in Circus comics. In 1940, Spacehawk (a different and improved feature) made its debut in Target Comics (Novelty Press), running for 30 episodes (262 pages) until 1942.
Other Wolverton characters include Scoop Scuttle, a newspaperman who ran as a backup feature in Lev Gleason Publications' Daredevil Comics and Silver Streak Comics; and Mystic Moot and his Magic Snoot in Fawcett Publications' Comic Comics and Ibis The Invincible. "Bingbang Buster and his Horse Hedy" was a three-page backup story in Lev Gleason's Black Diamond Western #16–28 (1950–1952).
Powerhouse Pepper and Lena the Hyena
Wolverton's humor feature Powerhouse Pepper, about a superstrong if none-too-bright boxer, appeared in various comic books published by Timely Comics, the 1930s and 1940s precursor of Marvel Comics, from 1942 through 1952. The strip was characterized by alliterative, rhyming dialogue, screwball comedy and throwaway gags in background. The Timely titles, such as Joker Comics, Gay Comics and Tessie the Typist, debuted a number of his spin-off characters and features, including Flap Flipflop, The Flying Flash (who later appeared in Charlton Comics' Jack in the Box #13), Leanbean Green, "Cartoon Crime Mystery" featuring Inspector Hector the Crime Detector, Doc Rockblock, "Picture Poems about Peculiar People", "Funny Boners", Dauntless Dawson, "Hothead Hotel", "Bedtime Bunk", "Foolish Faces" and more.
In 1946, Wolverton won a contest to depict "Lena the Hyena", the world's ugliest woman, a running gag in Al Capp's Li'l Abner newspaper strip where Lena remained unseen beneath an editorial note stating her face had been covered to protect readers. Capp, responding to popular demand, announced a contest for artists to submit their interpretations. Among 500,000 entries, Wolverton's was the winner; it appeared in a Li'l Abner daily and Life magazine. Wolverton's fame briefly led to Life and Pageant printing his caricatures. The Lena portrait typified the unique "spaghetti and meatballs" style he employed regularly thereafter.
In the 1950s, Wolverton produced 17 comic-book horror and science-fiction stories for Marvel and other comic-book publishers, including one story by author Daniel Keyes, which led to him being "hailed for creating uniquely grotesque monsters". Among these tales were "The Brain Bats of Venus" for Mister Mystery #7 and "Where Monsters Dwell" in Marvel's Adventures Into Terror #7, the title of which was later used for a 1970s Marvel reprint series.
Wolverton first appeared in Mad with a single panel in #10, drew Mad Reader! for #11 and also contributed an iconic Lena-like image to the cover of #11, which was billed as the "Beautiful Girl of the Month". Although Wolverton contributed sporadically to the title—appearing in just nine issues over two decades—his work was memorable enough that, in 2009, The New York Times dubbed him "The Michelangelo of Mad Magazine". E.C.'s other humor title, Panic, edited by Al Feldstein (who later became Mad's editor for 30 years) also used Wolverton's art on a Panic cover, though publisher William M. Gaines was not a fan of Wolverton's work. Other Mad rip-offs from other companies such as Cracked, From Here To Insanity, Crazy, Man, Crazy and Cockeyed, also featured Wolverton's work as did an issue of Ballyhoo.
In 1973, he returned to mainstream comics, illustrating several covers for Joe Orlando's satiric Plop! at DC Comics. Comix Book, a joint production of Marvel Comics and Denis Kitchen's Kitchen Sink Press, featured two strips by Wolverton, "Calvin" and "Weird Creatures".
Wolverton was baptized into Herbert W. Armstrong's Radio Church of God in 1941 and was ordained as an elder in 1943. As a board member of that church, he was one of the six people, including Armstrong and his wife, who re-incorporated the church in 1946 when it moved its original headquarters from Oregon to California.
Wolverton's son, editorial cartoonist Monte Wolverton, draws in a style similar to his father's; the younger Wolverton also worked for The Plain Truth and contributed to Mad. Several cartoonists have been influenced by Wolverton's "spaghetti-and-meatball" style, including Ed "Big Daddy" Roth.
Books by Wolverton or collecting his work include:
- The Bible Story (1982)
- Wolvertoons: The Art of Basil Wolverton (1990) (ISBN 1-56097-022-7)
- Wolverton in Space (1997) (ISBN 1-56971-238-7)
- Basil Wolverton's Powerhouse Pepper (2001) (ISBN 1-56097-148-7)
- The Basil Wolverton Reader Vol.1 (2003) (ISBN 1-56685-017-7)
- The Basil Wolverton Reader Vol.2 (2004) (ISBN 1-56685-027-4)
- Basil Wolverton: Agony & Ecstasy (2007) (ISBN 1-56685-041-X) (reprints from The Bible Story)
- The Original Art of Basil Wolverton (2007) (ISBN 978-0-86719-687-0)
- The Wolverton Bible (2009) (ISBN 978-1-56097-964-7)
- Spacehawk (2012) (ISBN 978-1-60699-550-1)
- Basil Wolverton at the Lambiek Comiclopedia
- Both quotes from Wolvertoons: The Art of Basil Wolverton, edited by Dick Voll. (Fantagraphics Books, 1990) ISBN 1-56097-022-7, ISBN 978-1-56097-022-4
- Vadeboncoeur, Jim, Jr. "Illustrators: 'by Basil Wolverton'". JVJ Publishing. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- Basil Wolverton at the Grand Comics Database
- Lee, Stan. Secrets Behind the Comics (Famous Enterprises, 1947), p. 81.
- Stanley, John. "Comics That Draw Gasps, Not Smiles", San Francisco Chronicle, Sunday, September 25, 2005, pp. PK [???] - 24.
- "The Michelangelo of Mad Magazine" (slideshow), The New York Times, n.d.
- Stewart, Bhob (February 1, 2010). "Topps #6: Basil Wolverton". Potrzebie. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- Dewey, Pamela Starr. "The Worldwide Church of God". Field Guide to the Wild World of Religion. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Basil Wolverton". Wolvertoon.com (Monte Wolverton official site). Archived from the original on July 23, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- Basil Wolverton at the Comic Book DB
- Gallatin, Gene, ed. "The Basil Wolverton Website". (fan site authorized by Basil Wolverton estate). Archived from the original on April 30, 2011. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "Mad Magazine Contributors: Basil Wolverton". Doug Gilford's Mad Cover Site (fan site). Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "Basil Wolverton's The Apocalypse". HollywoodJesus.com. Retrieved January 6, 2013. "Used courtesy of Zondervan Bible Publishers"
- Armstrong, Herbert W. (1982). The Bible Story. Worldwide Church of God. Retrieved January 6, 2013.