Basildon and Billericay (UK Parliament constituency)

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Basildon and Billericay
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Basildon and Billericay in Essex.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
Electorate 65,373 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament John Baron
Number of members One
Created from Basildon, Billericay
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Basildon and Billericay /ˈbæzɨldʉn ənd ˈbɨlərɪki/ is a constituency[n 1] in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament represented since 2010 by the Conservative Party member of parliament John Baron.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The seat merged a majority of the existing constituency of Billericay with parts of the former Basildon constituency – mostly around the centre of Basildon.

The Billericay constituency lost Wickford to the new Rayleigh and Wickford constituency, and Pitsea to the South Basildon and East Thurrock seat.

The electoral wards in the constituency are:

History[edit]

The seat was created for the 2010 general election following a review of the Parliamentary representation of Essex by the Boundary Commission for England. The election was won by the Conservative Party by a large majority from having a nominal Labour Party status based on its electoral wards.

History of most of the Basildon part

Basildon was one of the best known bellwether constituencies in the UK, having voted for the winning party in each election since 1974. The failure of the Labour Party to win it in the 1992 election – Basildon would be the first to declare of all the marginal seats notably foreshadowed Labour's fourth straight defeat at the hands of the Conservative Party.

Basildon was a (famously) Conservative seat between 1979 and 1997 as the quintessential "Essex man" constituency based on the new town of Basildon. Much of its population has its origins in the East End of London, who as a group traditionally voted for the Labour Party.

However, throughout the 1980s and until the Labour landslide victory of 1997, many voters in the area transferred their loyalties to the Conservative Party. The MP during this period was David Amess, who himself originated from east London's (Plaistow) and now holds the safer seat of Southend West.

Labour took the seat in 1997 and 2001 with a large majority, and in 2005 with a reduced majority, following the national result as all bellwether seats.

History of most of the Billericay part

Billericay (now in the seat) was not a bellwether: since 2001 it had a Conservative MP, John Baron, on the abolition of the seat and secured re-election in the new seat at the 2010 election.

Billericay has a 20th-century history of electing two non-conforming characters to Westminster, namely Harvey Proctor, a right-wing MP who resigned over gay sex charges with (then) underage rent boys for which he was prosecuted, and Teresa Gorman, anti-Maastricht rebel who stood down after accusing the Commons Standards and Privileges committee of sexism over questions surrounding her registered business dealings.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The current MP is the Conservative John Baron.

Election Member[2] Party
2010 John Baron Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Basildon and Billericay
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gavin Callaghan [3]
General Election 2010: Basildon and Billericay[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Baron* 21,982 52.8 +6.8
Labour Allan Davies 9,584 23.0 -11.8
Liberal Democrat Mike Hibbs 6,538 15.7 +2.5
BNP Irene Bateman 1,934 4.6 +1.1
UKIP Alan Broad 1,591 3.8 +1.4
Majority 12,398 29.8
Turnout 41,629 63.6 +1.3
Conservative hold Swing +9.3
* Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Coordinates: 51°36′N 0°26′E / 51.60°N 0.44°E / 51.60; 0.44