Basirhat

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Basirhat
বসিরহাট
city
Basirhat is located in West Bengal
Basirhat
Basirhat
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°39′26″N 88°53′39″E / 22.65722°N 88.89417°E / 22.65722; 88.89417Coordinates: 22°39′26″N 88°53′39″E / 22.65722°N 88.89417°E / 22.65722; 88.89417
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Municipality Chairman Krishna Majumdar[1]
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 144,891
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743411
Area code(s) 3217
Lok Sabha constituency Basirhat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Basirhat Dakshin, Basirhat Uttar
Website basirhat.in

Basirhat is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. It is located on the bank of Ichamati (Ichhamati) River.

Road from station to Basirhat market area

Administrative Area[edit]

Basirhat subdivision was formed on 1 January 1861 as per a Government order and it consisted of Balia Pargana's Basurhāt, Kalingā, Hāruā and Husenābād Police Stations. Previously, Basirhat was under the jurisdiction of Barasat Sub-division and was named as Basurhāt till 1896. Basirhat municipality was established on 1 April 1869 and it is divided into 22 wards covering an area of 22.5 km².

Demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 census, Basirhat Urban Agglomeration had a population of 144,891, out of which 73,491 were males and 71,400 were females. The 0–6 years population was 12,578. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 86.88 per cent.[2] Bengali is the principal language spoken in the area.

Etymology[edit]

[citation needed]

The sources which are considered till now behind the naming of Basirhat are as follows:

  • Bahurhāt—market for various items
  • Banserhāt—market for buying and selling bamboos
  • Bastirhāt—low land market
  • Bashir er hat or Bose er hat--the name of the owner of the market

Economy[edit]

[citation needed]

Agriculture is the main source of income though other industries like brick making,Gamcha,Nolen Sandesh and fisheries are also dominant in this area.

Education[edit]

[citation needed]

Some of the schools of Basirhat are:

  • Basirhat P.C M. Girls' High School
  • Basirhat Town High School
  • Basirhat H.M.D. Girls' High School
  • Basirhat High School
  • Bhabla Tantra Sir Rajendra High School
  • Bhabla Lady Mukharjee Girls' High School
  • Shibati High School
  • Panitor High School
  • Basirhat Baroda Prosad Vidyapith Girl's High School
  • Itinda Union High School
  • Panchanan Dalal Institution
  • Dandirhat N.K.U.S. Niketan HS
The Front Gate of Bhabla Tantra Sir Rajendra High School

For More Information Visit Basirhat 1st Web Portal www.basirhat.in

History[edit]

Basirhat has a long history of farmer's movements like the Tebhaga movement. Freedom fighter Dinesh Chandra Majumder was born here in 1907. Noted industrialist, Sir Rajen Mukherjee[3][4] was born at Bhabla (also spelt Bhyabla) near Basirhat.

Health issues[edit]

Basirhat is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Basirhat was connected with Barasat by the narrow gauge Barasat Basirhat Railway operated by Martin's Light Railways. It was closed down in 1955 and subsequently converted to broad gauge. The railway tracks in the region have been electrified and there are EMUs services to Sealdah and Hasnabad provided by the Kolkata Suburban Railway. Bus services to Kolkata and other places are also available

Private Buses[edit]

  • 72 Basirhat - Nazat via Chowmatha, Bhyabla Station, Pifa, Murarishaha Chowmatha, Nawapara, Kharampur, Siristola, Dakshin Akhratala
  • 72A Basirhat - Dhamakhali via Chowmatha, Bhybla Station, Pifa, Murarishah Chowmatha, Bhebia, Chaital Bridge, Malancha, Kanmari, Sarberia
  • 252 Hasnabad - Barasat - Esplanade via Basirhat, Kholapota, Kachua More, Berachampa, Deganga, Golabari, Kadambagachi, Champadali, Dakbungalow More, Madhyamgram Chowmatha, Doltala, B.T. College, Gouripur, Birati, Airport, Kaikhali, Baguihati, Kestopur, VIP Road, Ultadanga, PhoolBagan, CIT, Beleghata, Sealdah, SN Banerjee Road/Lenin Sarani
  • 253 Basirhat - Barasat - Esplanade via Basirhat, Kholapota, Kachua More, Berachampa, Deganga, Golabari, Kadambagachi, Champadali, Dakbungalow More, Madhyamgram Chowmatha, Doltala, B.T. College, Gouripur, Birati, Airport, Kaikhali, Baguihati, Kestopur, VIP Road, Ultadanga, PhoolBagan, CIT, Beleghata, Sealdah, SN Banerjee Road/Lenin Sarani

DN Series of Routes[edit]

  • DN12 Bongaon – Basirhat via Machlandapur, Baduria
  • DN12/1 HabraNazat via Berachampa, Kholapota, Basirhat, Murarisha Chowmatha, Kharampur, Nawapara, Dakshin Akhratala
  • DN18 Shyambazar – Basirhat via R.G. Kar Hospital, Belgachia Metro, Duttabagan, Patipukur, Kalindi, Lake Town, Bangur, Shelly Cinema, Satgachi, Nagerbazar, Central Jail, Gorabazar, Airport, Birati, Gouripur, B.T. College, Doltala, Madhyamgram Chowmatha, Dakbungalow More, Barasat Champadali, Kadambagachi, Golabari, Deganga, Berachampa, Nehalpur, Gopalpur, Kholapota
  • DN18 ShyambazarItindaghat via R.G. Kar Hospital, Belgachia Metro, Duttabagan, Patipukur, Kalindi, Lake Town, Bangur, Shelly Cinema, Satgachi, Nagerbazar, Central Jail, Gorabazar, Airport, Birati, Gouripur, B.T. College, Doltala, Madhyamgram Chowmatha, Dakbungalow More, Barasat Champadali, Kadambagachi, Golabari, Deganga, Berachampa, Nehalpur, Gopalpur, Kholapota, Basirhat, Sangrampur
  • DN38 TaranipurMalancha via Swarupnagar, Tentulia, Katiahat, Sangrampur, Basirhat, Murarisha Chowmatha, Chaital Ghat, Bhebia
  • DN42 Barasat - Dhamakhali via Kadambagachi, Golabari, Deganga, Berachampa, Nehalpur, Gopalpur, Kholapota, Basirhat Chowmatha, Bhyabla Station, Pifa, Murarisha Chowmatha, Bhebia, Chaital Bridge, Malancha, Kanmari

STA Bus Routes[edit]

  • Basirhat - Garia Bus Stand (Fixed Time) via Kholapota, Kachua More, Berachampa, Deganga, Golabari, Kadambagachi, Barasat Champadali, Dakbungalow More, Madhyamgram Chowmatha, Doltala, B.T. College, Gouripur, Birati, Airport, Kaikhali, Baguihati, Kestopur, VIP Road, Ultadanga, E.M. Bypass, Chingrighata, Science City, Ruby Hospital, Kalikapur, Mukundapur, Ajoynagar, Patuli, Hiland Park, Baishnabghata
  • Basirhat – Kolkata Railway Station via Murarisha Chowmatha, Bhebia, Chaital Bridge, Malancha, Minakhan, Ghatakpukur, Bhojherhat, Leather Complex, Bamanghata, Bantala, Chowbagha, Science City, Topsia, Bridge No.4, Park Circus, Chittaranjan Hospital, CIT Road, Moulali, Sealdah, Rajabazar, Maniktala, Khanna, Shyambazar, R.G. Kar Hospital
  • Basirhat – Gadiara via Kholapota, Kachua More, Berachampa, Deganga, Golabari, Kadambagachi, Barasat Champadali, Dakbungalow More, Madhyamgram Chowmatha, Doltala, B.T. College, Gouripur, Birati, Airport, Kaikhali, Baguihati, Kestopur, VIP Road, Ultadanga, Khanna, Maniktala, Vivekananda Road, Girish Park, Cenral Avenue, Mahatma Gandhi Road, Barabazar, Howrah Station, Shibpur, Dhulagarh, Ranihati, Panchla, Uluberia, Nimdighi, Kulgachia, Bagnan, Shyampur, 58 Gate

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official District Administration site
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21. 
  3. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali, p 470.
  4. ^ Bhabla
  5. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 

Basirhat External Links[edit]