|Type||Wholly owned subsidiary|
|Industry||Food and Beverage|
|Founded||1945 in Glendale, California|
|Headquarters||130 Royall Street, Canton, Massachusetts, United States|
|Key people||Nigel Travis, Chairman and CEO of Dunkin' Brands|
The company is known for its "31 flavors" slogan, more than the 28 flavors then famously offered at Howard Johnson's restaurants, with the idea that a customer could have a different flavor every day of any month. The slogan came from the Carson-Roberts advertising agency (which later merged into Ogilvy & Mather) in 1953. Baskin and Robbins believed that people should be able to sample flavors until they found one they wanted to buy, hence their famous small pink spoons. The company has introduced more than 1,000 flavors since 1945.
Baskin-Robbins was founded in 1945 by brothers-in-law Burt Baskin and Irv Robbins from the merging of their respective ice cream parlors, in Glendale, California. It claims to be the world's largest chain of ice cream specialty stores, with more than 6,000 locations, 2,400 of which are located in the United States. Baskin-Robbins sells ice cream in 49 countries. The company has been headquartered in Canton, Massachusetts since 2004 after moving from Randolph, Massachusetts.
The Baskin-Robbins ice cream parlors started as separate ventures of Burt Baskin and Irv Robbins, who owned Burton's Ice Cream Shop (opened in 1945) and Snowbird Ice Cream (opened in 1946), respectively. Snowbird Ice Cream offered 21 flavors, a novel concept at that time. When the separate companies merged in 1953, the number of flavors was expanded to 31 flavors.
By 1948, Burt and Irv had opened six stores. The first franchise covering the sale of ice cream was executed May 20, 1948 for the store at 1130 South Adams in Glendale (Store #1). In 1949, the company’s production facility opened in Burbank. Burt and Irv made the decision to sell the stores to the managers. In 1953, Baskin-Robbins hired Carson-Roberts Advertising who recommended adoption of the number 31 as well as the pink (cherry) and brown (chocolate) polka dots and typeface that were reminiscent of the circus. The first store that adopted the new 31 look was 804 North Glendale Ave. in Glendale, California in March 1953. Between 1949 and 1962, the corporate firm was Huntington Ice Cream Company. The name succeeded The Baskin-Robbins Partnership and was eventually changed back to Baskin-Robbins, Inc. on November 26, 1962. Baskin-Robbins also was the first to introduce ice cream cakes to the public. Baskin-Robbins often still incorporates 31 in its promotions despite offering more flavors. For example, in Malaysia this includes giving 31% off their hand-packed ice cream on the 31st of a month, which invariably causes queues at their outlets. See below for the list of original flavors.
Baskin-Robbins was owned by its founders until it was acquired in 1967 (just prior to Burt Baskin's death) by the United Brands Company (United Fruit). In 1972, the company went public for the only time in its history when United Brands sold 17% in an IPO. A year later, British food company J. Lyons and Co. purchased Baskin-Robbins from United Brands and all public stock. J. Lyons then merged with Allied Breweries, becoming Allied-Lyons in 1978. Allied-Lyons then merged with Pedro Domecq S.A. in 1994, becoming Allied Domecq. Baskin-Robbins, Togo's, and Dunkin' Donuts now comprise Dunkin' Brands, Inc. Dunkin' Brands was part of Allied Domecq until its purchase in 2006 by a group of private equity firms - Bain Capital, Thomas Lee, and The Carlyle Group.
In 1999, Baskin-Robbins terminated approximately 200 domestic franchisee agreements in Southern markets it deemed "nonstrategic." These shop owners were notified of the agreement cancellation via a conference call. Over 40 former franchisees united to form a new company, KaleidoScoops, which operates as a cooperative, and is based in Austin, Texas. Other former Baskin-Robbins franchisees converted their stores to franchises of McConnell's (of Santa Barbara, California), and The Ice Cream Club.
Original 32 flavors
Ice Cream Products
- Ice Cream: Full dairy (milk and cream) and sugar; with added flavors, fruits, candies, nuts, and flavored ribbons of many variations and combinations
- Sherbets: Only 2% dairy with mainly fruit flavors. Customers who may be slightly sensitive to dairy but not completely lactose intolerant can safely eat sherbet. May also contain egg whites and/or gelatin.
- Sorbets & Ices: Dairy-free; made with frozen water and fruit flavors. This product may feel heavier than ice cream, but that is because water is heavier than milk but does not actually contain more product.
- Premium Churned: Churned slowly to make the ice cream airier, making an end product with 50% less fat and 20% fewer calories than their regular ice cream. Part of the BRight Choices line of products.
- Frozen Yogurt: Exactly as it sounds - frozen yogurt is made of milk instead of cream, making it lower fat and also making it part of the BRight Choices line.
- No Sugar Added: These flavors are usually premium churned products that have no added sugars, but this does not mean that the product contains no sugars. There are still natural sugars (from fruits and other flavorings), but the product is mostly made from sugar substitutes, such as Aspartame and/or Splenda. Also part of the BRight Choices line of products.
- Soft Serve: Most businesses sell soft serve that is made of frozen milk and sugar, but Baskin' Robbins' soft serve is made with real cream, vanilla and sugar for a creamier and more satisfying product
Cakes can be made with all ice cream or half ice cream and half cake. Cake flavors come in chocolate and yellow and on top is a slab of your favorite ice cream. The cake is then frosted in creamy soft serve and decorated according to the customer's preference. If the customer prefers an all ice cream cake, they can choose an ice cream flavor, which will be cut into a 3-inch-tall slab and decorated as usual. There is also the option of a fudge crunch cake, which has chocolate ice cream on the bottom and vanilla ice cream on top, with a layer of fudge-covered crunchies in the middle.
Most stores only offer pre-made cake and ice cream combinations, but there are a select few who will make custom cakes from the inside out. Check your local store to see what they offer. Sizes of cakes are offered in sheet sizes (full, 2/3, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/6), rounds (6 inch and 9 inch), rolls (half or full), hearts and domes. Sheet sizes differ from a baker's full sheet, so confirm the sizes with your local store before purchase.
- Turtle: Made with a chocolate crust filled with Pralines 'n' Cream ice cream. The pie is then covered with caramel praline topping, pecans and a fudge border.
- Grasshopper: Made with a chocolate crust and filled with Mint Chocolate Chip ice cream. The pie is covered with crossing fudge lines and a whipped cream border
- Mud: Made with a graham cracker crust and filled with Jamoca Almond Fudge ice cream. The pie is covered with fudge topping, chopped almonds, and a whipped cream border.
- Custom: You can also choose either a graham cracker or chocolate crust and fill it with an ice cream of your choosing and then have it decorated as you wish.
- 31 Flavors of Fun (1945-March 3, 1985, with the exception of 1954-1955, 1964–1965, 1969–1970, and 1974–1976)
- 31 Flavors for 10 Years (1954–1955)
- 20 Years of Ice Cream (1964–1965)
- 25 Years of Fun (1969–1970)
- 30 Years of Fun (1974–1975)
- 31 Flavors, 31 Years (1975–1976)
- 31 Flavors of Happiness Only at Baskin Robbins (March 4, 1985-September 13, 1985)
- 31 Flavors in One Place (September 14, 1985-July 31, 1986)
- Trust 31 (August 1, 1986-September 30, 1987)
- Celebrate 31 (October 1, 1987-September 8, 1988)
- Count on 31 Flavors of Fun (September 9, 1988-March 31, 1991)
- Count on 31 Flavors of Ice Cream Every Day (April 1, 1991-September 9, 1991)
- Count on Us, We're Baskin Robbins (September 10, 1991-August 4, 1992)
- Your #1 Ice Cream Place (August 5, 1992-September 13, 1993)
- 31 Flavors At Their Best (September 14, 1993-September 7, 1994)
- We're 31, We're Baskin Robbins (September 8, 1994-September 5, 1995)
- We're Baskin Robbins (September 6, 1995-September 9, 2000)
- What's Your Flavor? (September 10, 2000-Summer 2004)
- Who Wants Some Ice Cream? (Summer 2004-Summer 2005)
- Are You Bold? (Summer 2005-Fall 2006)
- YAY! (Fall 2006–Fall 2010)
- More Flavors, More Fun (July 2010-present)
- "Dunkin' Brands - People". Dunkin' Brands. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- About Baskin Robbins. Baskin-Robbins. Retrieved on September 04, 2012.
- "Our History." Baskin-Robbins' web site. Accessed 25 Feb. 2013.
- Staff (2013). "History: Dunkin' Brands". Dunkin' Brands. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Our History - Baskin-Robbins". About Us. BR IP Holder LLC. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "Baskin-Robbins' 31 original flavors." LA Times. 2013. Accessed 25 Feb. 2013.
- This page, http://www.dunkinbrands.com/aboutus/history.html, at the Dunkin' Brands site, confirms the Baskin-Robbins founding date, the J. Lyons purchase (and date), the Allied Breweries merger (and date), and the Pedro Domecq merger (and date). Quotes: "1946: Baskin-Robbins is founded by Burt Baskins and Irv Robbins."; "1973: London-based J. Lyons & Co., Ltd., purchased Baskin-Robbins."; "1978: J. Lyons is purchased by Allied Breweries, creating Allied Lyons."; "1994: Allied Lyons partners with Pedro Domecq, the leading spirits marketer in Spain and Mexico, to form Allied Domecq."
- Spector, Amy. "Ex-Baskin-Robbins franchisees sue chain, open scoop shops." Nation's Restaurant News, 2001-06-18, p. 4.
- "Co-founder of Baskin-Robbins ice cream stores dies at 90". USA Today. AP. May 6, 2008. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baskin-Robbins.|
- Baskin-Robbins official website
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