Basque immigration to Mexico
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (August 2010)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Mexican Spanish, Euskera (basque).|
|Roman Catholicism or in a lesser degree Atheism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other European Mexicans, Basque people, Basque American, Basque Argentine, Basque Chilean, Basque Uruguayan|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)|
Basque Mexican (Spanish Vasco mexicano or simply Vasco) is a Mexican person of full, partial, or predominantly Basque ancestry, or a Basque-born person living in Mexico.
Seen in Mexico by the whole Euskalerria concept, basque descendants can be from Navarre, Euskadi or Iparralde. It is one of the most important and numerous groups of European people in Mexico and one of the biggest Basque diasporas in the world.
Basques can be found in every corner of Mexico, including names of cities and regions such as: Arriaga in Chiapas, Durango a State, Reynosa and Laredo in Tamaulipas, Arizpe in Sonora, Bernal in Queretaro or Narvarte in Mexico City, and even dating by the colonial times, Arizona has its name for being and extension of the New Navarre in the province of Sonora, and least not mention in California, Nevada, Idaho, Utah, Oregon and elsewhere of the Western U.S. is the Basque American familial link with Basques in Mexico.
An unknown amount of Mexicans (whether mestizo or criollo) have some amount of Basque descent and that community has increased in size from immigration from Spain in the early 20th century. The Spanish Civil War in the 1930s brought over tens of thousands of refugees from the Basque Country to political asylum in Mexico and Latin America.
Most Mexicans of Basque descent are concentrated in the cities of Monterrey, Saltillo, Camargo, and the states of Jalisco, Colima, Durango, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, and Coahuila. The Basques were important in the mining industry, many were ranchers and vaqueros (cowboys), and the rest small shops owners in major cities like Mexico City, Guadalajara and Puebla.
Basque names are found in many places throughout Northeastern Mexico, such as Durango, Reynosa,( Nuevo) Laredo, Victoria, Zuazua and Arramberri - the first province in the north of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (Mexico) to be explored and settled by the Spanish, Nueva Vizcaya, comprised the territory of today's states of Chihuahua and Durango.
- Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, self-taught scholar and poet of the Baroque school, and nun of New Spain.
- Agustín de Iturbide, emperor of the First Mexican Empire.
- María Félix, Mexican actress of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema.
- Dolores del Río, Mexican film actress and Golden Age of Hollywood.
- Alejandro González Iñárritu, Mexican director.
- Vicente Fox, 55th President of Mexico, maternal Basque descent.
- Juan de Oñate, New Spanish explorer, colonial governor of the New Spain province of New Mexico.
- Francisco "Pancho" Villa, Mexican Revolutionary generals.
- Mariano Abasolo, Mexican revolutionist.
- Carlos María Abascal Carranza, Mexican lawyer and the Secretary of the Interior in the cabinet of Vicente Fox.
- Ignacio Elizondo, New Spanish royalist general of the Spanish army during the Mexican War of Independence.
- Clemente Aguirre, Mexican composer and music instructor.
- Sergio Salvador Aguirre Anguiano, Mexican jurist and Associate Justice.
- Celso Aguirre Bernal, Mexican writer and historian.
- Ricardo Legorreta, Mexican architect.
- Luis Gatica, Mexican actor to Chilean father of Basque descent.
- Liza Echeverría, Mexican actress and model.
- Ramón Músquiz, Mexican governor of Texas from 1830 to 1831 and in 1835.
- Ricardo Pozas Arciniega, Mexican anthropologist, scientific investigator and indigenista.
- Carlos Emilio Orrantía, Mexican footballer.
- Guillermo Iberio Ortiz Mayagoitia, Mexican jurist and Supreme Court Justice.
- Manuel Peláez, Mexican military officer.
- Hilda Gaxiola, Mexican female beach volleyball player.
- Luis Echeverría, 50th President of Mexico from 1970 to 1976.
- Yuridia Francisca Gaxiola Flores, Mexican singer of Basque ancestry.