Basra International Airport
|Basrah International Airport
|IATA: BSR – ICAO: ORMM
|Elevation AMSL||0 ft / 0 m|
The airport was built in the 1980s and then developed in the 1980s by the Iraqi Government department State Organisation for Roads and Bridges (SORB) as a gateway to the only port in Iraq. This second phase of development was completed by a joint venture comprising Strabag Bau AG of Cologne, Billfinger & Berger of Manheim both in Germany and Universale of Austria in Spring 1988. It is claimed that the airport was built only as a facility for VIPs and was only used rarely.
Renovation and Military use
Renovation of the airport was supposed to proceed with the construction of a new terminal under German contract but the project prematurely ceased with the outbreak of the 1991 Gulf War. Actual development proceeded in the airport only after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Some facilities were refurbished under a contract by United States Agency for International Development. The project is broad as it includes building air traffic control towers and other navigational facilities, as well as the construction of transportation and communications facilities.
The airport was eventually reopened in June 2004. The event was marked by the traditional sheep sacrifice as an Iraqi Airways Boeing 727 jet landed from Baghdad. It was the beginning of a new domestic service in Iraq between Baghdad and Basrah. However, many of the passengers complained about the lack of basic facilities. Problems included air conditioning and toilets, as airport management is involved in repairs.
The airport is also currently in the process of civilianisation as part of the rebuilding of the country as part of Operation Telic of the multinational force in Iraq. As such there continued to be a significant Royal Air Force presence at the airport until mid 2009 when No. 903 Expeditionary Air Wing was withdrawn and probably disbanded.
Airlines and destinations
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|Iraqi Airways||Amman-Queen Alia, Baghdad, Beirut, Damascus, Dubai, Erbil, Istanbul-Atatürk, Sulaymaniyah, Delhi|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut (Begins 30th March 2014)|
|Royal Jordanian||Amman-Queen Alia|
- Air Forces Monthly, viewed June 2009
- "Iraqi Air Company Al Naser Airlines Will Perform Regular Flights In Tbilisi International Airport". Tbilisi Airport - TAV Airports Holding Co. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- Airport information for ORMM at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.