Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Department
Coat of arms of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Coat of arms
Location of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in France
Location of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in France
Coordinates: 43°15′N 0°50′E / 43.250°N 0.833°E / 43.250; 0.833Coordinates: 43°15′N 0°50′E / 43.250°N 0.833°E / 43.250; 0.833
Country  France
Region Aquitaine
Prefecture Pau
Subprefectures Bayonne
Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Government
 • President of the General Council Georges Labazée
Area1
 • Total 7,645 km2 (2,952 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 647,420
 • Rank 37th
 • Density 85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 64
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 52
Communes 547
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French pronunciation: ​[pi.ʁe.ne.a.tlɑ̃.tik]; Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a department in Aquitaine, southwest of France. It takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. It covers the French-administered part of the Basque Country as well as a small part of Gascony.

History[edit]

Basses-Pyrénées is one of the original 83 departments of France created during the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne, Béarn, and Gascony and included the three traditional provinces of the Northern Basque CountryLabourd, Soule, and Basse-Navarre. The previous history of the region, under the Ancien Régime, can be found at those individual regions.

The decision meant on the ground the fusion in one administration unit of the Bearnese and the Basques, who held different traditions and mutually hostile attitudes, and the automatic suppression of the secular region specific laws.

On 10 October 1969, Basses-Pyrénées was renamed Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

Geography[edit]

Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Aquitaine region of Southwest France. It is bordered by the Landes, Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers departments and the Bay of Biscay.

Principal settlements include Pau, Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Orthez, Biarritz, Bayonne, Anglet, Urrugne, Saint-Jean-de-Luz and Hendaye.

Lac Gentau is located here, as are the Lacs de Carnau.

Economy[edit]

Pyrénées-Atlantiques, a border province, has cultivated a number of economic and cultural links with Spain.

Two urban concentrations exist in the east and west of the département: Pau, which has 145,000 inhabitants, and 344,000 workers in the local area; and Bayonne - Anglet - Biarritz which has 166,400 inhabitants and 235 000 workers in the local area

Culture[edit]

The parts of the department that were part of Guyenne and Béarn have a culture heavily influenced by the Basque people.

Both the Gascon and Basque languages are indigenous to the region. Gascon is a dialect of Occitan, formerly the main language of southern France. It is more closely related to Catalan than it is to French. Basque is a language isolate, not related to any known language. Today, French, the sole official language of the French Republic, is the predominant native language and is spoken by virtually all inhabitants.

Tourism[edit]

Heraldry[edit]

Blason département fr Pyrénées-Atlantiques.svg

The coat of arms of Pyrénées-Atlantiques combines those of four traditional provinces:

  1. Béarn
  2. Labourd
  3. Lower Navarre
  4. Soule

See also[edit]