Basti district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Basti, Uttar Pradesh. For the Bollywood movie, see Basti (film).
Basti district
बस्ती जिला
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Basti district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Basti district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Basti
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Basti
Area
 • Total 4,309 km2 (1,664 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,461,056
 • Density 570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Urban 138,117
Demographics
 • Literacy 69.69 per cent
 • Sex ratio 959
Major highways National Highway 28
Average annual precipitation 1166 mm mm
Website Official website

Basti district (Hindi: बस्ती जिला, Urdu: ضلع بستی‎), is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India and Basti town is the district headquarters. Basti district is a part of Basti Division. The ruins of Mahua Dabar town are located in the Basti district.

Origin of name

Basti came from the original name Pakka Bazar.[1] Pakka Bazar is attributed to the fact that this area was the Pakka kunwa in Gandhinagar. Sher Shah Suri was making one Well and Saray so after then this area famous Pakka Bazar..

In 1801, the town Basti became the tehsil headquarters, and in 1865 it was chosen as the headquarters of the newly established Basti district in Gorakhpur Commissionary.

Topography

The district lies entirely in the submontane plain, with no natural elevations to diversify its surface. It lies on gangetic plain and is one of the best place for agriculture in country.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Basti district has a population of 2,461,056,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[3] or the US state of Nevada.[4] This gives it a ranking of 179th in India (out of 640 districts).[2] The district has a population density of 916 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,370/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.05%.[2] Basti has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 69.69%.[2] The sex ratio of Basti is 959, better than the national sex ratio of 940.27. It is also better than Uttar Pradesh's sex ratio of 908. The child sex ratio of Basti is 922, which is again better than the national average child sex ratio of 914 female children for every 1000 males.

Languages

Vernaculars spoken in the district include Awadhi in western areas and Bhojpuri in the eastern side. The district Basti may be considered as the demarcation of the languages Awadhi, Urdu and Bhojpuri. In city, due to increase in educated population, Khari Boli of Hindi is also observed in daily conversations.[5]

Education

The district follows the usual 10+2+3 pattern of education as elsewhere in India. Some notable schools and institutions are :

  • St. Basils School (afflicted to ICSE)[6]
  • St. Xavier's Senior Secondary School
  • Sarla International Academy
  • Urmila Educational Academy
  • City Montessori School,
  • St. Joseph's School
  • Kendriya Vidhyalaya
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Basti [7]
  • Khair Inter College
  • Government Inter College
  • Government Girls Inter College
  • Maharishi Vidya Mandir
  • Little Flower High School, Kalwari

Four main Degree Colleges in Basti city are, A.P.N. Degree college, Kisan Degree College and Mahila Mahavidalya and Karma Devi Smriti Mahavidyalaya.

Administration

Basti town is the district headquarters of the district. Basti district, a part of Basti Division, is formed of 4 tehsils: Basti, Harriya, Sonaha Bhanpur and Rudhauli, and 13 development blocks, 139 Nyay Panchayats, as well as 10 Gram Sabhas. The development blocks included are:

  • Bahadurpur
  • Bankati
  • Basti
  • Dubauliya
  • Gaur
  • Harraiya
  • Kaptanganj
  • Kudaraha
  • Paras Rampur
  • Ramnagar
  • Rudhauli
  • Saltaua Gopal Pur
  • Sau Ghat or Amari Bazar
  • Vikram Jot
  • Kudraha

Economy

The district is noted for its cotton textiles and sugar industries. Cottage industries and small-scale industries including the manufacturing units of brass ware, iron and carpentry goods, agricultural implements, bricks, agro-products, foot-wear, soaps, candles, and pottery are present here. Basti is also known for its bamboo, eucalyptus (Eucalyptus teritrornis), mango and shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) populations. Three sugar factories are housed in the district. Sugarcane, maize, paddy, pulses, wheat, barley and potato are commonly cultivated. The most of the population is depending for their livelihood on agricultural practices. The district is well connected through NH 28 which reflects on its good economy. The city is well connected through railways also.

Basti Railway platform

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Basti one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[8] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[8]

Transportation

NH 28 passing near Basti facilitates inter district road transport

The main line connecting Lucknow with Gorakhpur and places in Bihar and Assam in the east passes through the south of the district. The main line has 7 railway stations which are, from east to west, Munderwa,[9] Orwara, Basti, Govindnagar, Tinich, Gaur, and Babhnan within the district. There is a daily Intercity express between Gorakhpur, Basti, Gonda and Lucknow. National Highway 28, a part of the East West Corridor project of Government of India and NHAI,[10] also passes through Basti.

Culture and festivals

The inhabitants of the district celebrate festivals like Durga Puja, Ramnavami, Janmashtami, Shivaratri, Deepawali, Id-ul-Fitr, Moharram, Dussera and Holi.

Constituents of district

  • Gotwa Bazar is situated near to NH-28.
  • Vikramjot is a small market of Basti district 46 km away from the headquarters of Basti district. The last police station of Basti is there. The Ghaghara River adjoins the market. It is also a block of district it has an electric power station, a hospital with 50 beds, an animal hospital, two inter colleges (Shri Valmiki Inter College mainly), a ganna sumit, a post office and a police station near from village Chhatouna.
  • Purani Basti is mainly the wholesale market & the old part of the Basti. Pandey bazar, Nayi bazar, Mangal bazar and Basti railway station constitutes it.
  • Gandhi Nagar is a market town in the heart of Basti District. Many items are sold in the market, including cloths, machinery, books, shoes, shocks, bicycles, tractors, hand pumps, etc. Educational institutions include APN Degree College and Sakseria Inter College.
  • Chhawani is situated at a distance of 40 km from the district headquarters. It was the main shelter for Indian fighters during the 1857 mutiny, and is noted for a Pipal Trees where about 250 martyrs were hanged by the British Government in action after the murder of General Fort.
  • Amodha (Amodha Khas or Amorha) is situated at a distance of 41 km from the district headquarters. It's old name is Amorha, It was a province (state) of Raja Zalim Singh in old days. Also Raja Zalim Singh's Mahal is here, Old wall of mahal is still there with mark of bullet used by English. Also a famous temple (Ramrekha Mandir) is here. Ramrekha Temple is one of the most ancient Hindu Mandir of Lord Ram & Goddess Sita. Lord Shri Ram was stayed here during His 14 years of Vanvaas. Lord Shri Rama & Sita with Lakshmana journeyed southward by Ram Janki Marg (State Highway 72).
  • Nagar: In the 14th century it became the headquarters of the Gautam Rajas, and it has the remains of their castle. The village is situated at a distance of about 8 km from the district headquarters.
  • Chando Tal is situated at about 8 km from the district headquarters on the way to Kalwari. It is a stretch of water about 5 km long and 4 km. wide. Historical artifacts are sometimes found in this area.
  • Rashtriya Van Chetna Kendra (Sant Ravi Dass Van Vihar): Van Vihar is established on the bank of river Kuwana on the way to Ganeshpur village at a distance of about 1 km from the district headquarters. This was started to increase awareness about forests.
  • Kaptanganj Market the market is situated on NH 28 (Basti to Faizabad road). It has a police station, post office, two development blocks - block Kaptanganj and block Dubaula. There are two government hospitals (1 for human and other for animals). Has a government Inter College. It has a State Bank of India Branch with ATM facilities. It is a highly politically influenced market. Mr. Ram Prasad Chaudhary is sitting MLA for many times.
  • Bhadeshwar Nath, situated at a distance of about 5–6 km from the district headquarters on the bank of the river Kuwana, is noted for a Shiva temple.
  • Agauna is the birthplace of Hindi author Sri Ram Chandra Shukla.
  • Ganeshpur, a large village, was the headquarters of a large permanently settled estate known as Pindari Jagir. And about Pindaris there is a legend that when they were running from East India company they took shelter in this village.And they broke some old temples around there and forciblly converted the religion of some localites.
  • Horticulture R&D Training Centre was established in 1956-57 in this district to promote horticultural development in eastern belt of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Pakke Bazar is the central market of Basti district.
  • Harraiya is one of the tehsils in Basti district. And there is legend about its name that Lord Ram with Sita And Lakshman went by this way in Ramayana era. So it was then called as Harirahiya (way of Hari(Ram)) in Awadhi which later turned into Harraiya.
  • Nagar Bazar is the second largest Gram panchayat of the district, after Ganeshpur. The village is situated at a distance of about 8 km from the district headquarters.
  • Marwatiya Babu is a very well known village in basti district. It is situated beside the nagar bazar. Basically vishen rajputs are concentrated in this region of basti.
  • Pipra Gautam is a large and very old village situated 13 km from Basti. It is the same village where great freedom fighter of 1857 Amar Shaheed Satyavaan Singh lived. Who is also known for the looting of Haldi And Sonth from ships of English Government (abount which he was misinformed that there was gold and asharfi in the ships). The consequence of this looting was later turned into force occupation of Five neighbouring villages.
  • Lalganj this is situated at the confluence of rivers Kuano & Manorama, and is at the distance of about 24 km south-east of Basti.

Flora and fauna

The forest cover of the district has dwindled with increasing use of land for agriculture. There are areas with high prevalence of mango (Mangifera indica), mahua (Madhuca longifolia), sal (Shorea robusta), and bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) trees. Some of the wild animals of the district are the nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), antelok (Anelok cervicapra), pig (Sus scrofa), wolf (Canis lupus), jackal (Conis aureus), fox (Vulpes bengalensis), hare (Lepus ruficandatus), monkey (Macaca mulatta), wild cat (Felis bengalensis) and the porcupine (Hystric leucura). Several species of game birds are also seen, among them the peafowl (Pavo cristatus), the black partridge (Frencolinus francolinus) and the gray partridge (Francalinus pondicervanus). A number of migratory water fowls visit the water bodies of the district in winter, such as the goose (Anser anser), common teal (Anas crecca), red-crested pochard (Netta rufina), white-eyed pochard (Aythya rufa) and wigeon (Mareca penelope). The cobra (Naja naja), krait (Bungarus caeruleus), and rat-snake (Ptyas mucosus) are commonly found. The Indian crocodile or naka (Crocodylus palustris), and the ghariyal (Gavialis gangeticus) are also found in the river Ghaghra. The common fish species are rohu (Lebeo rohita), bhakur (Catla catla), nain (Cirrhina mrigala), parhin (Wallagonia attu), krunch (Labeo calbasu), and tengan (Mystus seenghala).

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Origin of name". Basti Govt. Retrieved March 13, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Kuwait 2,595,62" 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nevada 2,700,551" 
  5. ^ Gopeshwar Tripathi, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ "Home page". Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "JNV". Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Welcome - Munderwa". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.nhai.org/nhdpmain_english.htm

External links

Coordinates: 27°15′N 83°00′E / 27.250°N 83.000°E / 27.250; 83.000