|District of Uttar Pradesh|
Location of Basti district in Uttar Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Basti|
|• Total||4,309 km2 (1,664 sq mi)|
|• Density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||69.69 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||959|
|Major highways||National Highway 28|
|Average annual precipitation||1166 mm mm|
Basti district (Hindi: बस्ती जिला, Urdu: ضلع بستی), is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India and Basti town is the district headquarters. Basti district is a part of Basti Division. The ruins of Mahua Dabar town are located in the Basti district.
Origin of name
According to the 2011 census, Basti district has a population of 2,461,056, which roughly equals to that of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This ranks it the 179th populous district in India. The district has a population density of 916 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,370/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.05%. Basti has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 69.69%. The sex ratio of Basti is 959, better than the national sex ratio of 940.27 but better than Uttar Pradesh's 908. The child sex ratio of Basti is 922, which again is better than the national average of 914 female children per 1000 males.
Vernaculars spoken in the district include Awadhi in western areas and Bhojpuri in the eastern side. The district Basti may be considered as the demarcation of the languages Awadhi, Urdu and Bhojpuri. In city, due to increase in educated population, khari boli of Hindi is also observed in daily conversations.
The district follows a usual 10+2+3 pattern of education as elsewhere in India. Some notable schools and institutions of the district are :
- St. Basils School (afflicted to ICSE)
- St. Xavier's Senior Secondary School
- Karma Devi Smriti Mahavidyalaya 
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Basti 
Basti town is the district headquarters of the district. Basti district, a part of Basti division, is formed of 4 tehsils: Basti, Harriya, Sonaha Bhanpur and Rudhauli, and 13 development blocks, 139 Nyay Panchayats, as well as 10 Gram Sabhas. The development blocks included are:
- Paras Rampur
- Saltaua Gopal Pur
- Sau Ghat or Amari Bazar
- Vikram Jot
The district is noted for its cotton textiles and sugar industries. Cottage industries and small-scale industries including the manufacturing units of brass ware, iron and carpentry goods, agricultural implements, bricks, agro-products, foot-wear, soaps, candles, and pottery are present here. Basti is also known for its bamboo, eucalyptus (Eucalyptus teritrornis), mango and shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) populations. Three sugar factories are housed in the district. Sugarcane, maize, paddy, pulses, wheat, barley and potato are commonly cultivated. The most of the population is depending for their livelihood on agricultural practices. The district is well connected through NH 28 which reflects on its good economy. The city is well connected through railways also.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Basti one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The main line connecting Lucknow with Gorakhpur and places in Bihar and Assam in the east passes through the south of the district. The main line has 7 railway stations which are, from east to west, Munderwa, Orwara, Basti, Govindnagar, Tinich, Gaur, and Babhnan within the district. There is a daily Intercity express between Gorakhpur, Basti, Gonda and Lucknow. National Highway 28, a part of the East West Corridor project of Government of India and NHAI, also passes through Basti.
Flora and fauna
The forest cover of the district has dwindled with increasing use of land for agriculture. There are areas with high prevalence of mango (Mangifera indica), mahua (Madhuca longifolia), sal (Shorea robusta), and bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) trees. Some of the wild animals of the district are the nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), antelok (Anelok cervicapra), pig (Sus scrofa), wolf (Canis lupus), jackal (Conis aureus), fox (Vulpes bengalensis), hare (Lepus ruficandatus), monkey (Macaca mulatta), wild cat (Felis bengalensis) and the porcupine (Hystric leucura). Several species of game birds are also seen, including the peafowl (Pavo cristatus), the black partridge (Frencolinus francolinus) and the gray partridge (Francalinus pondicervanus). A number of migratory water fowls visit the water bodies of the district in winter, such as the goose (Anser anser), common teal (Anas crecca), red-crested pochard (Netta rufina), white-eyed pochard (Aythya rufa) and the wigeon (Mareca penelope). The cobra (Naja naja), krait (Bungarus caeruleus), and rat-snake (Ptyas mucosus) are commonly found. The Indian crocodile or naka (Crocodylus palustris), and the ghariyal (Gavialis gangeticus) are also found in the river Ghaghra. The common fish species are rohu (Lebeo rohita), bhakur (Catla catla), nain (Cirrhina mrigala), parhin (Wallagonia attu), krunch (Labeo calbasu), and tengan (Mystus seenghala).
Some notable persons from the district include:
- Ramchandra Shukla, who is regarded as the first codifier of the history of Hindi literature in a scientific system.
- Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena - Hindi literature Writer and got Sahitya Academy award by the Government of India.
- Jagdambika Pal - Former chief minister of UP Government.
- "Origin of name". Basti Govt. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- Gopeshwar Tripathi, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Home page". Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Karma Devi Smriti Mahavidyalaya". Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- "JNV". Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Welcome - Munderwa". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Official website of Basti (U.P.) administration
- Munderwa, Basti District
- Introduction - Basti District
- Agriculture Basti
- Basti District map
- District Court of Basti
|Gonda district||Sant Kabir Nagar district|
|Faizabad district||Ambedkar Nagar district|