Signpost in Baston
Baston shown within Lincolnshire
|Population||1,469 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||80 mi (130 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Baston is a village and parish on the edge of The Fens and in the administrative district of South Kesteven, Lincolnshire, England. The 2011 census reported the parish had 1,469 people in 555 households.
Like most fen-edge parishes, it was laid out more than a thousand years ago, in an elongated form, to afford the produce from a variety of habitats for the villagers. The village itself lies along the road between King Street, a road built in the second century, and Baston Fen which is on the margin of the much bigger Deeping Fen. Until the nineteenth century, the heart of Deeping Fen was a common fen on which all the surrounding villages had rights of turbary, fowling and pasture.
A significant Roman feature of Baston is the Roman road leading across the fen towards Spalding. Part of the modern fen road follows it.
At the end of the village, near King Street, was an Anglian cemetery which was in use up to about the year 500. This coincides approximately with the date of the beginning of King Arthur's exploits, as reported by the Historia Brittonum, when Arthur fought his first battle at the mouth of the River Glen and stopped the spread of Anglo-Saxon settlement for fifty years. The Anglo-Saxon cemetery, of funerary urns, was found by Rev. Edward Trollope in 1851. He found around 10 burials in 1863 and traces of another 16 were found in 1963
For the election of councillors to South Kesteven District Council the parish, as part of Truesdale ward, elects two councillors. The District Councillors current at 2011 are Kelham Cooke (Con) and Rosemary H Woolley (Con).
Baston has its own Parish Council
The parish lies on a fan of gravel from the Devensian glacial period, which spreads from the upland mouth of the valley of the River Welland, to the east of Stamford, Lincolnshire. There are two main forms of business in the parish: arable farming and gravel extraction. The flooded gravel pits subsequently lend themselves to development for leisure pursuits such as angling, birdwatching and watersports. The gravel was washed down from the tundra environment to the west and deposited in the periglacial lake, known as Lake Fenland, below the icy waters of which the site of Baston then lay.
Independent special school Kirkstone House School has been situated in the village since 1964.
In 2002, a group of local residents decided that the village needed an area where a range of sports could be conducted. The cost of a sports hall was thought to be prohibitive, so the project was focused on a multi-use sports and skateboarding area. Following a village-wide survey, which had a 37% return rate, a public meeting was held in June 2002. As a result of both the survey and public meeting, it was decided that there was a mandate from the village to progress the project. Consequently, B-Active was formed as a sub-committee of the BPFMC.
As part of this the Baston Football Club was formed in 2005, and joined the Grantham & District Saturday Afternoon League. The club runs two adult teams playing in the Peterborough & District League on a Saturday afternoon. It plays its home games at Brudenell Playing Field in Baston, and is sponsored by local businesses. Baston cricket club plays in the south Lincs Division 2 league. There are tennis courts for all year round use.
- "Neighbourhood statistics". 2001 census. Office for national statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- Urn Field farm (350448). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 17 March 2010.
- "Burials in the plague". boar.org.uk. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- Plague burial (350526). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 17 March 2010.
- "Parish Council". Retrieved 17 March 2010.
- Straw, A (1979). "The Devensian glaciation". In Straw A, Clayton KM. The geomorphology of the British isles : eastern and central England. London: Methuen. pp. 21–45.
- Clark, CD; Evans, DJA; Khatwa, A; Bradwell, T; Jordon, CJ; Marsh, SH; Mitchell, WA; Bateman, MD (2004). "Map and GIS database of glacial landforms and features related to the last British ice sheet". Boreas 4 (33): 359–375. doi:10.1080/03009480410001983. Retrieved 21 April 2013. The authors are not entirely convinced by some of the earlier published references in this regard, but they do link to them.
- "About Baston". Baston Parish Council. Lincolnshire county council. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Fixture list". South Lincs and Border League. Cricket Lincolnshire. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Baston tennis club". Lawn Tennis association. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "BPFMC". Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "The Brudenell Field". Charities commission. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- Mayes, P. & Dean, M.J. An Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Baston Lincolnshire The Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology. (1976) ISBN 0-904680-05-3
- Phillips, C.W. ed. The Fenland in Roman Times Royal Geographical Society (1970)
- Media related to Baston at Wikimedia Commons
- "Baston", Genuki.org.uk
- "The Parish of Baston", The Bourne Archive
- Baston in the Domesday Book