Basu Chatterjee

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Basu Chatterjee
Basu Chatterjee image.jpg
Basu Chatterjee image
Born (1930-01-10) January 10, 1930 (age 84)
Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Film director

Basu Chatterjee (Bengali: বাসু চ্যাটার্জ্জী; born 10 January 1930[1]) is an Indian film director and screenwriter. Through the 1970s and 80s, he became associated with what came to be known as middle cinema or middle-of-the road cinema, with film makers like Hrishikesh Mukherjee and Basu Bhattacharya, whom he assisted in Teesri Kasam (1966). Like them, his films also dealt with light-hearted stories of middle-class families often in urban settings, focussing on marital and love relationships,[2] with exceptions like Ek Ruka Hua Faisla (1986) and Kamla Ki Maut (1989), which delved into social and moral issues. He is best known for his films Chhoti Si Baat (1976), Chitchor (1976), Rajnigandha (1974), Piya Ka Ghar (1972), Baton Baton Mein (1979) and Shaukeen (1982).[3]

Early life[edit]

Basu Chatterjee was born in Ajmer, Rajasthan, India.[1]

Career[edit]

Chatterjee started his career as an illustrator and cartoonist with weekly tabloid, Blitz published in Bombay (now Mumbai) by Russi Karanjia. Here he worked for 18 years, before he changed career paths to filmmaking when he assisted Basu Bhattacharya in Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman starrer, Teesri Kasam (1966), which later won National Film Award for Best Feature Film. Eventually he made his directorial debut with Sara Akash in 1969, which won him Filmfare Best Screenplay Award. [4]

When Basu Chatterji debuted with the much acclaimed Sara Akash, he not only announced the arrival of a new kind of cinema, rooted in the regular lives of ordinary people, he also etched 1969 as the year that marked the beginning of the Indian New Wave cinema. Together with Mani Kaul’s Uski Roti and Mrinal Sen’s Bhuvan Shome, Sara Akash took Indian films to the next level, taking a close look at the conflicts, aspirations, emotions and relationships of people who were next door, not larger than life.

Sara Akash based on first part of Rajendra Yadav’s debut novel Sara Akash (The Infinite Cosmos, 1951), explored the internal conflicts of a newly-wed couple in a traditional middle class joint family in Uttar Pradesh and how they grapple with the new challenges of domestic life they were not prepared for. The film was entirely shot on location giving it a greater feel of actual reality. Chatterji himself identified with the milieu as he had been brought up in Mathura. His own inspirations, especially Vittorio De Sica’s Bicycle Thieves and the films of France and Sweden were reflected in his style of story-telling – to narrate as it happened, with no frills attached.[5]

Some of his best films are Rajnigandha (1974), Baton Baton Mein, Chhoti si Baat, Shaukeen, Swami, Apne Paraye, Dillagi, Chitchor, Khatta Meetha and Ek Ruka Hua Faisla. He also directed Dev Anand in Man Pasand, Rajesh Khanna in Chakravyuh and Amitabh Bachchan in Manzil but these films did not do well. He has also directed many Bengali films like Hothat Brishti, Hochcheta Ki & Hothat Shei Din.

He directed the TV Series Byomkesh Bakshi and the popular Rajani (TV series) for Doordarshan.

He was a member of the jury at the 10th Moscow International Film Festival in 1977.[6] Chatterjee is a member of International Film And Television Club of Asian Academy Of Film & Television. He had his retrospective as part of Kala Ghoda Art Festival Mumbai in February 2011.

His daughter Rupali Guha is also a film director. Her first Hindi film "Aamras", released in September 2009, is a coming of age film involving four schoolgirls. Rupali's next, a Bengali film "Porichoi" with Prosenjit Chatterji, deals with estranged father-daughter relationship. She also produces TV serials under the Filmfarm banner. Her serials include Tumhari Disha, Rakhi Bhai Behen ka hai Pyaar, Dil se diya Vachan & Do Dil Bandhe Ek Dori Se for ZEE TV, Kashi for NDTV Imagine & Uttaran for COLORS.

Awards[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Dialogue writer[edit]

Director[edit]

Screenplay[edit]

Producer[edit]

Director (TV series)[edit]

Assistant director[edit]

Bengali films[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basu Chatterrjee is jury chairperson of Jaipur film fest". indiantelevision.com. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Bhawana Somaaya. Cinema Images And Issues. Rupa Publications. pp. 143–. ISBN 9798129106697. 
  3. ^ "Classics should be taken on, but correctly: Basu Chatterjee". The Times of India. March 28, 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-28. 
  4. ^ "Director Profile: Basu Chatterjee". Cinemas of India, NFDC. Retrieved 2014-04-28. 
  5. ^ "A Manzil of Memories: Rare Memorabilia Of Basu Chatterji’s Films". Learning & Creativity. 2014-04-25. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  6. ^ "10th Moscow International Film Festival (1977)". MIFF. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  7. ^ "Best Screenplay Award". Filmfare Award Official Listings, Indiatimes. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ Asha Kasbekar (2006). Pop Culture India!: Media, Arts, And Lifestyle. ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–. ISBN 978-1-85109-636-7. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 

External links[edit]